Muzaffarpur district

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Muzaffarpur district
Ashokan Pillar, Kolhua
Ashokan Pillar, Kolhua
Location of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar
Location of Muzaffarpur district in Bihar
Country India
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesMuzaffarpur, Vaishali
 • Vidhan Sabha constituenciesGaighat, Aurai, Minapur, Bochahan, Sakra, Kurhani, Muzaffarpur, Kanti, Baruraj, Paroo, Sahebganj
 • Total3,173 km2 (1,225 sq mi)
 • Total4,801,062
 • Density1,500/km2 (3,900/sq mi)
 • LiteracyIncrease 65%
 • Sex ratio900
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Major highwaysNH 57, NH 28, NH 22, NH 102, NH 527C

Muzaffarpur District is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. Muzaffarpur district is part of and also the headquarters of Tirhut Division[1] Tirhut is the ancient name of all of northern Bihar.


Muzaffarpur is a part of the ancient Vajjika League, one of the principal mahājanapadas of Ancient India.

Muzaffarpur fostered political leaders and statesmen alike among whom were Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi, George Fernandes, Janki Ballabh Shastri, a great Maithili writer Parmanandan Shashtri and Devesh Chandra Thakur. Bajjika and Maithili languages are spoken in the district.

In 1972 both Sitamarhi and Vaishali districts were split from Muzaffarpur.[2]


Muzaffarpur district is served by rivers Gandak, Budhi Gandak, Bagmati and Lakhandei. Many streams pass through the district. The area has been prone to floods. The district lies in the fertile region of Gangetic plain. Muzaffarpur district occupies an area of 3,175.9 square kilometres (1,226.2 sq mi),[3] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Mansel Island.[4]


No. Constituency Name Party Alliance Remarks
88 Gaighat Niranjan Roy Rashtriya Janata Dal MGB
89 Aurai Ram Surat Kumar Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
90 Minapur Rajeev Kumar Rashtriya Janata Dal MGB
91 Bochahan Amar Kumar Paswan Rashtriya Janata Dal MGB Won in 2022 by-poll necessitated after the death of Musafir Paswan.
92 Sakra Ashok Kumar Choudhary Janata Dal (United) MGB
93 Kurhani Anil Kumar Sahni Rashtriya Janata Dal MGB
94 Muzaffarpur Bijendra Chaudhary Indian National Congress MGB
95 Kanti Mohammad Israil Mansuri Rashtriya Janata Dal MGB
96 Baruraj Arun Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
97 Paroo Ashok Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party NDA
98 Sahebganj Raju Kumar Singh Bharatiya Janata Party NDA Switched from VIP to BJP[5]


GDP Per capita Income of Muzaffarpur is $2,507 and total GDP of District is $5 Billion as by 2021 Reports which is 4.7% of Bihar GDP.[6]


Lychee garden in Muzaffarpur

The litchi crop, which is available from May to June, is mainly cultivated in the districts of Muzaffarpur and surrounding districts, in an area of about 25,800 hectares producing about 300,000 tonnes every year. Litchi is exported to big cities like Bombay, Kolkata and to other countries. India's share in the world litchi market amounts to less than 1%. The name of the litchi produced in quality.[7]


It has many industries ranging from small to big. Prabhat Zarda Factory, Ganesh Foundries Limited, Bharat Wagon and Engineering, N.T.P.C., Kanti Thermal Power Station, Bihar Drugs & Organic Chemicals Ltd., Muzaffarpur – a unit of IDPL, units of Leather Development Corporation, Muzaffarpur Dairy, a unit of the Bihar State Dairy Corporation unit Bihar State Cooperative Milk Producers’ Federation Ltd., Muzaffarpur producing Sudha brand packaged milk are the major industries located in Muzaffarpur city and its periphery. The above industries have generated considerable employment and have also been helpful in establishing a number of small industries including a few cottage industries. The most important item that is manufactured in Muzaffarpur town is railway wagon. Muzaffarpur city is an important centre for the wholesale cloth trade. Agriculture-based industries such as sugar mills and Britannia Biscuits have newly been established in city.[8]


According to the 2011 census Muzaffarpur district has a population of 4,801,062,[citation needed] roughly equal to the nation of Singapore[9] or the US state of Alabama.[10] This gives it a ranking of 24th th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,514 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,920/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.14%. Muzaffarpur has a sex ratio of 900 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 63.4%. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes make up 15.66% and 0.12% of the population respectively.[11]

Religions in Muzaffarpur district (2011)
Religion Percent
Other or not stated


Languages of Muzaffarpur district (2011)

  Hindi (48.33%)
  'Other' Hindi (39.01%)
  Urdu (7.65%)
  Bhojpuri (3.54%)
  Maithili (1.33%)
  Others (0.14%)

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 48.33% of the population in the district spoke Hindi, 39.01% spoke Bajjika, 7.65% Urdu and 3.54% Bhojpuri.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.


  1. ^ "District Muzaffarpur, Government of Bihar | India". Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  2. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  3. ^ "Muzaffarpur Geographical At a Glance". Retrieved 10 July 2015.
  4. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1998. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Mansel Island 3,180km2
  5. ^ Cite error: The named reference :0 was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ "District Development Report" (PDF).
  7. ^ "7. LYCHEE PRODUCTION IN INDIA". 31 May 1992. Retrieved 2 August 2014.
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 August 2011. Retrieved 11 March 2012.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Archived from the original on 13 June 2007. Retrieved 1 October 2011. Singapore 4,740,737 July 2011 est.
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Alabama 4,779,736
  11. ^ "District Census 2011" (PDF). 2011. Retrieved 19 February 2021.
  12. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

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