Muzaffer Ozak

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Sheikh Muzaffer Ozak Ashki al-Jerrahi (aka: Sheikh Muzaffer Özak Âșkî al-Jerrahi)

(1916 - February 12, 1985)

Sheikh Muzaffer Ozak was the 19th Grand Sheikh of the Halveti-Jerrahi Order of Dervishes, a traditional Muslim Sufi order (tarika) from Istanbul (Turkey). He was Grand Sheikh of the Order from 1966-1985.

Muzaffer Ozak's immediate predecessor as Grand Sheikh was Seyh Ibrahim Fahreddin Efendi (1885-1966), who was the 18th Grand Sheikh of the Order. Ibrahim Fahreddin was Grand Sheikh from 1914-1966.

Muzaffer Ozak's immediate successor as Grand Sheikh was Sefer Dal Efendi al-Jerrahi (1926-1999), who was the 20th Grand Sheikh of the Order. Sefer Dal was Grand Sheikh from 1985-1999.

Muzaffer Ozak was well-known in Western countries because of his visits to Europe and the United States of America, where he celebrated public dhikrs (Remembrance of God; in Turkish "zikrullah") with his dervishes. He is also well known in Turkey for his ilahis (Sufi religious hymns). Muzaffer Ozak also ran a bookstore in the Sahaflar Çarşısı in Istanbul.

Muzaffer Ozak's most prominent disciples and successors in North America include Tosun Bayrak al-Jerrahi (born 1926) and Sheikha Fariha Fatima al-Jerrahi (Philippa de Ménil)[1] (born 1947).[2] Muzaffer Ozak's most prominent disciple and successor in Turkey is Omer Tugrul Inancer Efendi (born 1946), who has been the 21st Grand Sheikh of the Halveti-Jerrahi Order since 1999.

Works[edit]

  • Irşad
    • English: Irshad – Wisdom of a Sufi Master
  • Aşk Yolu Vuslat Tariki
    • English: The Unveiling of Love
    • Spanish: La Develación del Amor
  • Envar-ül-Kulub
    • English: Lights of the Hearts
  • Ziynet-ül-Kulub
    • English: Adornment of Hearts
  • Gülsar-i Arifan
  • Hazret-i Meryem (not published in Turkish)
    • English: Blessed Virgin Mary
    • German: Die gesegnete Jungfrau Maria im Islam
    • Spanish: Mariam
  • Sofiyye Sohbetleri (not published in Turkish)
    • English: Garden of Dervishes
  • Love is the Wine (edited by Robert Frager)
    • German: Der Wein der Sufis (zusammengestellt von Robert Frager)
      • (Title of first edition: Liebe ist der Wein)
    • Spanish: El Amor es el Vino (recompilado por R. Frager)

Audiorecordings[edit]

  • LP Halveti-Jerrahi-Dhikr
    • Journey To The Lord Of Power
  • CD Chant des Derviches de Turquie
    • La Cérémonie du Zikr
    • (5. Festival des Arts Traditionnels 1978, Rennes, France)
  • CD Garden of Paradise
    • Sufi Ceremony of Remembrance
    • (recorded April 5, 1983 in Istanbul, Turkey)
  • CD Reunion
    • Ceremonial Music of the Sufis
    • (recorded April 16, 1984 in New York City, USA)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Philippa de Ménil (born June 13, 1947) - Her full name at birth (according to the records - see: https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:VD6J-QC6) was Anne Caroline Philippa Menu Deménil. According to this same record, at the time of her birth Philippa's father John was spelling his surname as 'Menu Deménil' rather than as 'Menu de Ménil'. However, the original French spelling of this family's surname was 'Menu du Ménil'. For example, John's father is listed as Georges-Auguste-Emmanuel Menu du Ménil in the following works (among many others): (1) Annuaire de la Noblesse de France et des Maisons Souveraines de l'Europe by André Borel d'Hauterive (Paris: au Bureau de la publication, 1885), Vol. 41, p. 202 (2) Annuaire de l'Armée Française pour 1892 (Paris: Berger-Levrault & Cie, Éditeurs, 1892), p. 448. All these spelling variations have caused a certain amount of confusion among researchers. In her earlier years Philippa sometimes wrote her name as Philippa A. de Ménil. Philippa is a daughter of French banker, businessman, philanthropist and art collector John de Ménil (Baron Jean Marie Joseph Menu de Ménil) (January 4, 1904 - June 1, 1973) and Dominique de Ménil (née Dominique Izaline Zélie Henriette Clarisse Schlumberger (March 23, 1908 - December 31, 1997). John was a Baron in the French nobility due to his paternal great-grandfather Paul-Alexis-Joseph Menu du Ménil (1764-1834) having been made a baron de l'empire by Napoléon Bonaparte on September 11, 1813. Philippa's paternal grandparents were Baron Georges-Auguste-Emmanuel Menu de Ménil (1863-1947) and Marie-Madeleine Rougier (1866-1929). For more information see: http://gw.geneanet.org/pierfit?/ang=fr&p=paul+alexis+joseph&n=menu+de+menil. Philippa's father became a naturalized U. S. citizen in 1962, at which time he changed his first name 'Jean' to 'John'. After this name change in the United States, he was generally known (and referred to) simply as 'John de Ménil' rather than as 'John Menu de Ménil' or 'John Menu Deménil'. Members of this family residing in the United States rarely use their complete French surname 'Menu du Ménil' (or 'Menu de Ménil'), preferring to use instead the shortened form 'de Ménil'. Also, sometimes they use the spelling 'Deménil' instead of 'de Ménil'. Philippa's mother Dominique was a daughter of François Conrad Schlumberger (1878-1936), a geophysicist who became an oil-equipment and oil-services magnate through his company Schlumberger Ltd. Dominique was heiress to a large fortune in Schlumberger company stock passed on to her by her father Conrad. Dominique and John de Ménil had 5 children, the youngest of whom was Philippa. Each of these 5 children (including Philippa) had a trust fund (containing Schlumberger company stock) set up for them by John and Dominique. In the early 1980s the Schlumberger company stock in each of these trust funds was worth about $57 million. Philippa's first marriage (on May 14, 1969 in Harris County, Texas) was to Francesco Pellizzi (born July 14, 1940), an Italian anthropologist, art critic and art collector. After getting divorced from Francesco, Philippa married Heiner Friedrich in 1978. Heiner Friedrich (born April 14, 1938) is an important art dealer and collector of minimal art and conceptual art. Philippa was Heiner's second wife. For additional in-depth information on Philippa de Ménil, please see http://www.vanityfair.com/magazine/1996/09/colacello199609 - "Remains of the Dia", by Bob Colacello, Vanity Fair (September, 1996)
  2. ^ Corbett, Rosemary R. (2016). Making Moderate Islam: Sufism, Service, and the "Ground Zero Mosque" Controversy. Stanford University Press.