|Studio album by Herbie Hancock|
Wally Heider Recording Studio C, San Francisco
|Genre||Avant-garde jazz, jazz fusion, free jazz|
|Herbie Hancock chronology|
|The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide|||
It is one of Hancock's first departures from the traditional idioms of jazz as well as the onset of a new, creative and original style which produced an appeal to a wider audience, before his 1973 album, Head Hunters. In addition, Mwandishi was Hancock's attempt at continuing the musical principles and styles he began playing with Miles Davis on In A Silent Way. Hancock's previous attempts at Jazz fusion included Fat Albert Rotunda, an album conceived solely for Bill Cosby's Fat Albert and the Cosby Kids.
Mwandishi was recorded at Wally Heider Recording Studios, in San Francisco, California in January 1971. It was originally recorded by the Mwandishi Sextet that was built around Herbie Hancock and progressive notions of funk, jazz, and rock during this time period.
The tracks on Mwandishi are "Ostinato," the time signature of which is 15/8, "You'll Know When You Get There", and "Wandering Spirit Song". "Wandering Spirit Song" features Hancock's extensive use of tension and release, whereby he builds the tension of the song by increasing the amount of musical voices and increasing crescendos, only to release the tension with long held out chords on his synthesizer.
Mwandishi is a Swahili name Hancock adopted during the late 1960s and early 1970s. The members of the Sextet each adopted a Swahili name: Mchezaji/Buster Williams, Jabali/Billy Hart, Mganga/Eddie Henderson, Mwile/Bennie Maupin, Pepo Mtoto/Julian Priester, and Ndugu/Leon Chancler.
All songs composed by Herbie Hancock except where noted.
|1.||"Ostinato (Suite for Angela)"||13:10|
|2.||"You'll Know When You Get There"||10:22|
|3.||"Wandering Spirit Song"||Julian Priester||21:26|
- Mwandishi / Herbie Hancock – Fender Rhodes piano
- Mchezaji / Buster Williams – bass
- Jabali / Billy Hart – drums
- Mganga / Eddie Henderson – trumpet, flugelhorn
- Mwile / Bennie Maupin – bass clarinet, alto flute, piccolo
- Pepo Mtoto / Julian Priester – tenor trombone, bass trombone
- Leon "Ndugu" Chancler – drums and percussion on "Ostinato (Suite For Angela)"
- José "Chepito" Areas – congas and timbales on "Ostinato (Suite For Angela)"
- Ronnie Montrose – guitar on "Ostinato (Suite For Angela)"
- Billboard Mar 20, 1971
- Mwandishi at AllMusic
- Swenson, J., ed. (1985). The Rolling Stone Jazz Record Guide. USA: Random House/Rolling Stone. p. 94. ISBN 0-394-72643-X.
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