Mwanza

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Mwanza (disambiguation).
Mwanza
Nyanza
City
View of Mwanza's Central Business District
View of Mwanza's Central Business District
Nickname(s): Rock City
Mwanza is located in Tanzania
Mwanza
Mwanza
Location in Tanzania
Coordinates: 2°31′S 32°54′E / 2.517°S 32.900°E / -2.517; 32.900
Country Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania
Admin. division Mwanza Region
First Settled 1892
Incorporated Town 1978
Incorporated City 2000
Districts
Government
 • Type City Council
 • Lord Mayor Josephat Kanyonyi Manyerere
 • City Director Wilson Kabwe
Elevation 3,740 ft (1,140 m)
Population (2012)[1]
 • Urban 706,543
Time zone GMT + 3

Mwanza is a mid-sized port city on the southern shores of Lake Victoria in northwestern Tanzania. With a population of over 700,000, it is Tanzania's second largest city, following Dar es Salaam. Mwanza is the capital of the surrounding Mwanza Region.

History[edit]

Before the colonial era Mwanza Region was under the Sukuma, Kerewe, Kara and Zinza empires. When the Germans colonized Tanganyika, Mwanza became one of the districts in German East Africa. After the East African Campaign during the First World War, East Africa came under the supervision of a British mandate.[citation needed]

Ethnicity[edit]

The Sukuma constitute over 90 percent of the population of the Mwanza Region. Other ethnic groups in the region, in much smaller proportions, include the Zinza, Haya, Sumbwa, Nyamwezi, Luo, Kurya, Jita,((shashi)) and Kerewe. They live mainly in the Mwanza city area. National policy, however, gives very little importance to ethnic groupings and reliable data is difficult to find.[2]

Religion[edit]

The people of Mwanza have different faiths ranging from traditional practices to modern religions including Hinduism, Islam, Swaminarayan, and Christian churches such as the Anglican, Roman Catholic, African Inland, Lutheran, Tanzania Mennonite, Mwanza Christian Miracle, Assemblies of God, Pentecostal Evangelical, and the Seventh Day Adventist churches.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

In 2011 the city council announced plans to create a major commercial development in the Ilemela District.[3] Construction works on Rock City Mall are set to be finalised in the second half of 2015. This mall will be the first of its size in Mwanza and one of the biggest malls in the country.[4]

Fishing[edit]

One major occupation of the inhabitants along the shores of Lake Victoria in Mwanza region is fishing, and there are five fish processing plants in the area. Nile perch were previously introduced to the lake, and are exported in large quantities.[5]

The consequences of the nile perch industry are the subject of the academy award nominated documentary Darwin's Nightmare (2004) by Hubert Sauper.

On the lake around Mwanza, a lot of sardine - locally known as 'dagaa' - fishing is going on as well. Once the little fish are caught, they are transported to Kirumba Fish Market by the local fishermen. In this modern market hall, which was built by the Japanese Development Organisation, the sardines are packed in large bags and traded. Trucks transport this cheap source of proteins to many parts of Tanzania and to some of the surrounding countries.

Industry[edit]

Although for the foreseeable future livestock husbandry, agriculture and fishing will remain the sectors offering the greatest development potentials to Mwanza region, an increasingly important role must be assigned to industrial activity as a vehicle of economic growth. It is through industrial development in the region that the ever increasing number of unemployed youths in the region could gain employment opportunities. Industrial establishments possible are those geared towards processing locally produced agricultural, fishing and livestock raw materials.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Mwanza
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
28
(83)
29
(84)
28
(83)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(85)
29
(85)
29
(84)
28
(83)
28.8
(83.9)
Average low °C (°F) 18
(65)
18
(64)
18
(65)
18
(65)
18
(64)
17
(63)
16
(61)
17
(63)
18
(64)
19
(66)
19
(66)
18
(65)
17.8
(64.3)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 97
(3.8)
104
(4.1)
155
(6.1)
145
(5.7)
94
(3.7)
20
(0.8)
13
(0.5)
20
(0.8)
46
(1.8)
46
(1.8)
114
(4.5)
147
(5.8)
1,001
(39.4)
Source: Weatherbase [6]

Transport[edit]

Mwanza train station

Airport[edit]

Mwanza is served by Mwanza Airport, which is located at 10 km to the north of the city centre in Ilemela District. In 2015 four airlines had flights to Dar es Salaam[7][8] and there were also flights to Kigali, Nairobi and various destinations in Tanzania.

Railway[edit]

Mwanza's railway station is located in the centre of town, in Nyamagana District. The line that ends in Mwanza is part of the Central Line (Tanzania). The city is connected by rail with Shinyanga.[9] Twice a week the train departs to Dar es Salaam, via Tabora, Dodoma and Morogoro, a trip that takes two days.[10] For travels to Kigoma and Lake Tanganyika, travelers can change trains in Tabora.

Buses[edit]

Two bus stations connect Mwanza to the rest of Tanzania and neighbouring countries by road: Nyegezi and Buzuruga bus station.

Nyegezi bus station is located in Nyamagana district. Buses going to the south – to towns like Shinyanga, Tabora, Dodoma, Morogoro & Dar es Salaam - leave from Nyegezi bus station. Busses going west – to towns like Geita, Kahama, Bukoba - leave from this bus station as well. Furthermore, international busses to Burundi, Rwanda and Uganda leave from Nyegezi.

Buzuruga bus station is located in Ilemela district. Busses going to the east and the north - to towns like Magu, Bariadi, Bunda, Musoma and the Kenyan border - depart from Buzuruga bus station.

Dala dala[edit]

Two dala dalas (minibuses) in Mwanza

The dala dala or minibus is the most common form of public transport in Mwanza. They run fixed routes but will also stop anywhere along their route to drop someone off or allow a passenger to board. The route that the dala dala is following can be read on the front and rear side of the vehicle, where the start point and end point of the route are written. Furthermore, the colour code (e.g. blue and red) on the dala dala refers to a specific route. Some of the main dala dala terminals in Mwanza town are: Airport/Ilemela, Buhongwa, Bwiru, Ibanda, Kisesa/Kishiri and Mzunguko. Bus shelters are built along the main dala dala routes in town. Dala dalas are operated by both a driver and a conductor, who tries to get passengers on board and collects the payments.

Almost all dala dalas are Toyota Hiace vehicles. That is why people in Mwanza sometimes refer to them as ‘Hiace’ instead of ‘dala dala’.

Boda boda[edit]

The motor taxis or boda boda is another common mode of transport in Mwanza. The passenger is taken to their destination by the motorcycle driver and pays according to the distance travelled.


Sports and entertainment[edit]

CCM Kirumba Stadium

The most popular sport in Mwanza is football. Official matches are being played at two different stadiums in the city.

The main stadium is the CCM Kirumba Stadium, which has a seating capacity of 35,000 spectators. The stadium hosts football, netball, volleyball, basketball, badminton, and athletics.[citation needed] The Tanzanian national football team play occassional friendly games in the stadium, like on the 29th of March 2015 when the ‘Taifa Stars’ drew 1-1 with Malawi. Tanzanian Premier League matches have been played at the stadium as well.

The other stadium is the Nyamagana Stadium. It is much smaller than Kirumba Stadium and does not host top level matches.

Education[edit]

St. Augustine University of Tanzania (SAUT) is the main university in Mwanza. The University extends over 600 acres in the Nyegezi-Malimbe area 10km south of Mwanza City. It lies 4km off the main Mwanza- Shinyanga road on the shores of Lake Victoria. The University is a half-hour’s drive from Mwanza by car or by bus.[11]

Cooperation with cities outside Tanzania[edit]

  • Finland Tampere, Finland: The relationship between Tampere and Mwanza is part of the North-South Local Government Co-operation Programme. The programme is coordinated by the Association of Finnish Local and Regional Authorities and funded by the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland. The purpose is to support the Mwanza City Council in implementing the city strategy and in providing better services for its citizens.[12]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 2°31′S 32°54′E / 2.517°S 32.900°E / -2.517; 32.900