Mwanza Region

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The Mwanza Region
Mkoa wa Mwanza  (Swahili)
The southern shores of Lake Victoria.
The southern shores of Lake Victoria.
Regional map before partition in 2012
Regional map before partition in 2012
Country Tanzania
 • Regional CommissionerEng. Robert Gabriel
 • Total9,467 km2 (3,655 sq mi)
 • Total2,772,509
 • Density290/km2 (760/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+3 (EAT)
Area code(s)028
HDI (2018)0.505[1]
low · 17th of 25
WebsiteRegional website

Mwanza Region is one of Tanzania's 31 administrative regions[2] The regional capital is the city of Mwanza. Mwanza region is home to Ukerewe Island, the largest lake island in Africa as well as Saanane Island National Park, the smallest national park in Tanzania.

The neighbouring regions are Geita to the west, Shinyanga to the south, and Simiyu to the east. Furthermore, Lake Victoria borders the region's north frontier.

The regional commissioner of the Mwanza Region is John Mongella.[3]


The region is administratively divided into seven districts:

Districts of Mwanza Region
Map District Population
Mwanza-Region.svg Ilemela District* 343,001
Kwimba District 406,509
Magu District 299,759
Misungwi District 351,607
Nyamagana District* 363,452
Sengerema District 663,034
Ukerewe District 345,147
Total 2,772,509


* - municipal district council representing the city of Mwanza

Population and area[edit]

According to the 2012 national census, the Mwanza Region had a population of 2,772,509, which was lower than the pre-census projection of 3,771,067.[4]: page 2  For 2002-2012, the region's 3.0 percent average annual population growth rate was the eighth highest in the country.[4]: page 4  It was also the sixth most densely populated region with 293 people per square kilometer.[4]: page 6 

As of 2007, the region covered an area of 20,095 square kilometres (7,759 sq mi) of dry land;[5] however, parts of the region went to establish the Geita Region in 2012.


The Mwanza Region is occupied by Four tribes include the Wasukuma, the Wakerewe, Wakara and Wazinza. Mwanza city's Makongoro Road is named after a prominent Sukuma chief who controlled the area in the late 1800s. Under British rule, the region was one district in the Lake Province, which became the Lake Region after independence. In 1963, the Mwanza Region was created.

The Wasukuma tribe is the major tribe occupying the Mwanza Region, though other regions that are occupied by Wasukuma include the Shinyanga Region, Geita Region and Simiyu region.


Mwanza region is well connected by road, rail, water and air transport.


Paved trunk road T4 from Musoma to Bukoba passes through the district from east to west. While paved trunk road T8 from Mwanza to Shinyanga passes through the region from north to south.[6]


The Mwanza branch of the Central Line railway passes through the region on its way from Mwanza to Tabora and there are several stations within the region's borders.[7]

Maritime transport[edit]

Ferries connect Ukerewe Island with Mwanza city. Other ferries operate between Mwanza and Sengerema District.

Air transport[edit]

Mwanza Airport is located within the region's boundaries, in the city of Mwanza.


  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". Retrieved 2020-02-26.
  2. ^[dead link]
  3. ^ Kitabu cha Mawasiliano Serikalini, Tanzania Government Directory, 2012, page 181
  4. ^ a b c Population Distribution by Administrative Units, United Republic of Tanzania, 2013 Archived 2013-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Socio-Economic Profile of Mwanza Region" (PDF). The Planning Commission, Dar es Salaam, and The Regional Commissioner's Office, Mwanza. October 1997. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2004.
  6. ^ "Mwanza Roads Network" (PDF). Tanroads. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 9 December 2015.
  7. ^ "Railways Network". Tanzania Railways Limited. Archived from the original on 6 October 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 2°45′S 32°45′E / 2.750°S 32.750°E / -2.750; 32.750