Mx (// "mix", // MUKS, // məks), is an English language neologistic honorific that indicates a gender other than male or female, or no gender. It was developed as an alternative to common gendered honorifics, such as Mr. and Ms., in the early 1980s. It is often used by nonbinary people, as well as those who do not wish to reveal or be referred to by their gender. It is a gender-neutral title that is now widely accepted by the Government of the United Kingdom and many businesses in the United Kingdom. It is included in all major English dictionaries.
The word was first proposed in the late 1970s, with widespread usage since 1985. The "x" is intended to stand as a wildcard character and does not necessarily imply a "mixed" gender, although this interpretation can also be intended.
In 2013 Brighton and Hove City Council in Sussex, England, voted to allow the use of Mx on council forms, and in 2014 the Royal Bank of Scotland included the title as an option. In 2015, recognition spread more broadly across UK institutions, including the Royal Mail, government agencies responsible for documents such as passports and driving licences, most major banks, several other companies, and UK charity Battersea Dogs & Cats Home.
The title is now accepted by the Department for Work and Pensions, HM Revenue and Customs, the National Health Service and many councils, universities, insurance companies and utility retailers in the United Kingdom. The House of Commons of the United Kingdom confirmed in 2015 that it would accept the use of Mx by MPs. In 2017, HSBC banks announced the addition of Mx alongside several other gender-neutral titles as options for their customers. The March 30 announcement coincided with the International Transgender Day of Visibility, celebrated the following day.
In 2015, Mx was included in the Oxford English Dictionary, and in April 2016 it was added to Merriam-Webster Unabridged. In 2016, Metro Bank became the first bank to offer Mx on its forms (though other banks had amended records to Mx on request prior to this), and HSBC adopted the title in 2017.
Mx is increasing in usage, but remains uncommon in the United States.
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