Mx (title)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Mx (usually pronounced /məks/ MəKS, /mɪks/ MIKS or /mʌks/ MUKS and sometimes /ɛmˈɛks/ em-EKS[1][2][3]) is an English language neologistic honorific that does not indicate gender. Developed as an alternative to gendered honorifics (such as Mr. and Ms.) in the late 1970s, it is the most common gender-neutral title among non-binary people[4] and people who do not wish to imply a gender in their titles.


The word was first proposed in the late 1970s.[5][6] The "x" is intended to stand as a wildcard character, and does not necessarily imply a "mixed" gender.[7]


In 2013, Brighton and Hove City Council in Sussex, England, voted to allow the use of Mx on council forms,[8] and in 2014 the Royal Bank of Scotland included the title as an option for customers.[9] In 2015, recognition spread more broadly across UK institutions, including the Royal Mail, government agencies responsible for documents such as driving licences, most major banks, several other companies, and UK charity Battersea Dogs & Cats Home.[10]

The title is now accepted by the Department for Work and Pensions, HM Revenue and Customs, the National Health Service and many councils, universities, insurance companies and utility retailers in the United Kingdom.[citation needed] The House of Commons of the United Kingdom confirmed in 2015 that it would accept the use of Mx by MPs.[11]

In 2015, Mx was included in a New York Times article about Bluestockings.[12] Its casual usage in the paper was picked up by popular news sites and blogs.[13][14] The Times's standards editor Phil Corbett later responded to the usage of the title.[15] Later the same year, Mx was included in the Oxford English Dictionary.[16] In 2016, Metro Bank became the first bank in the United Kingdom to offer Mx on its forms (though other banks had amended records to Mx on request prior to this).[17] In 2017, banks of the HSBC Group announced the addition of Mx alongside several other gender-neutral titles as options for their customers.[18] HSBC's 30 March announcement coincided with the International Transgender Day of Visibility, celebrated the following day.[19]

In March 2021, Oscar Davies, a non-binary barrister from the United Kingdom, became the first person to use "Mx" (instead of Mr/Ms) on the board of their chambers.[20][21][22]

Although Mx remains uncommon in the United States, in April 2016 it was added to the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.[23]

Mixter is sometimes treated as a long form of the title (like Mister is of Mr).[8][24] An informal study in 2019 found that 1.9% of the 896 participants worldwide pronounce it "Mixter" (/mɪkstər/) while most pronounce it "Mix" (/mɪks/) or "Məx" (/məks/) (with a schwa).[3]

Indian airlines Vistara and AirAsia India, both Tata Group companies, added Mx as a third option for passengers booking flights from June 2022.[25]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Definition of Mx". Oxford English Dictionaries. Archived from the original on 28 September 2016. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  2. ^ "On the pronunciation of Mx". Spacious Perspicacious. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2015 – via
  3. ^ a b "The prevalence and pronunciation of the title Mx (2019)". 20 November 2020. Retrieved 30 January 2021.
  4. ^ "Gender Census 2021: Worldwide Report". Gender Census. 1 April 2021. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  5. ^ Henry, Robin (3 May 2015). "Now pick Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms . . . or Mx for no specific gender". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  6. ^ Goldhill, Olivia (11 May 2015). "What's it like to be a Mx?". The Telegraph. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  7. ^ Titman, Nat (28 August 2014). "When was the Mx gender-inclusive title created?". Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Mx (Mixter) title adopted in Brighton for transgender people". BBC News. 10 May 2013. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  9. ^ Saner, Emine (17 November 2014). "RBS: The bank that likes to say Mx". The Guardian. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
  10. ^ Henry, Robin (3 May 2015). "Now pick Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms . . . or Mx for no specific gender". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
  11. ^ McCormick, Joseph Patrick (26 May 2015). "MPs given gender neutral option when entering House of Commons". Pink News. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  12. ^ Curkin, Charles (29 November 2015). "At Bluestockings, a Manhattan Activist Center, Radical Is Sensible". New York Times. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  13. ^ Smith, Sydney (3 December 2015). "What is Mx.? Gender-Neutral Pronoun used by NYTimes as Honorific". iMediaEthics. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
  14. ^ Bloomgarden-Smoke, Kara (11 November 2015). "The New York Times Adds 'Mx.' to the Honorific Mix". Observer. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
  15. ^ Corbett, Phil (3 December 2015). "A 'Mx.'? Did The Times Adopt a New, Gender-Neutral Courtesy Title?". New York Times. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
  16. ^ Pai, Tanya (31 December 2015). "10 words that explain 2015". Vox. Retrieved 1 January 2016.
  17. ^ Clark, Charles (3 November 2016). "A British bank has become the first in the world to offer a third gender option for 'non-binary' customers". Business Insider UK. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  18. ^ "HSBC adds new transgender titles including M and Misc". BBC News. 30 March 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  19. ^ Brignall, Miles (30 March 2017). "HSBC offers choice of transgender titles for bank's customers". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  20. ^ McKinney, C. J. (8 March 2021). "Non-binary barrister listed as 'Mx' by chambers in legal milestone". Legal Cheek. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  21. ^ Baski, Catherine (18 March 2021). "Non-binary barrister's title marks a legal first". The Times. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  22. ^ "Non-binary barrister first to appear in chambers with 'Mx' title". Scottish Legal News. 19 March 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  23. ^ "A Gender-Neutral Honorific". Merriam-Webster. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  24. ^ Bahadur, Nina (11 April 2013). "Swedish gender-neutral pronoun, 'Hen', added to country's National Encyclopedia". Huffington Post. Retrieved 1 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Vistara, AirAsia add gender-neutral flight booking options". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 9 June 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 28 June 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)

Further reading[edit]

  • Rivas, Lourdes; et al. (2018). They Call Me Mix / Me Llaman Maestre. Oakland: Lourdes Rivas. ISBN 978-0692148839.