The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United Kingdom and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (February 2019)
Mx (usually pronounced // MIKS or // MəKS) is an English-language neologistic honorific that does not indicate gender. Developed as an alternative to gendered honorifics (such as Mr. and Ms.) in the late 1970s, it is the most common gender-neutral title among non-binary people and people who do not wish to imply a gender in their titles.
In 2013, Brighton and Hove City Council in Sussex, England, voted to allow the use of Mx on council forms, and in 2014 the Royal Bank of Scotland included the title as an option for customers. In 2015, recognition spread more broadly across UK institutions, including the Royal Mail, government agencies responsible for documents such as driving licences, most major banks, several other companies, and UK charity Battersea Dogs & Cats Home.
The title is now accepted by the Department for Work and Pensions, HM Revenue and Customs, the National Health Service and many councils, universities, insurance companies and utility retailers in the United Kingdom. The House of Commons of the United Kingdom confirmed in 2015 that it would accept the use of Mx by MPs.
In 2015, Mx was included in a New York Times article about Bluestockings. Its casual usage in the paper was picked up by popular news sites and blogs. The Times's standards editor Phil Corbett later responded to the usage of the title. Later the same year, Mx was included in the Oxford English Dictionary. In 2016, Metro Bank became the first bank in the United Kingdom to offer Mx on its forms (though other banks had amended records to Mx on request prior to this). In 2017, banks of the HSBC Group announced the addition of Mx alongside several other gender-neutral titles as options for their customers. HSBC's 30 March announcement coincided with the International Transgender Day of Visibility, celebrated the following day.
In December 2020, the Provincial Court of British Columbia, Canada issued guidance to lawyers and litigants about court introductions, calling for court participants, when introducing themselves, to state the pronouns and courtesy title that should be used for them. "Mx." was one of the titles that participants were invited to use.
Although Mx remains uncommon in the United States, in April 2016 it was added to the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.
An informal study in 2023 found that 68% of 2,426 participants worldwide who use the title pronounced it // MIKS, while 24% pronounced it // MəKS. Mixter is sometimes treated as a long form of the title (like Mister is of Mr).
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- Saner, Emine (17 November 2014). "RBS: The bank that likes to say Mx". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 19 May 2021. Retrieved 26 January 2015.
- Henry, Robin (3 May 2015). "Now pick Mr, Mrs, Miss, Ms . . . or Mx for no specific gender". The Sunday Times. Archived from the original on 8 July 2017. Retrieved 30 May 2020.
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- Curkin, Charles (29 November 2015). "At Bluestockings, a Manhattan Activist Center, Radical Is Sensible". New York Times. Archived from the original on 7 July 2020. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
- Smith, Sydney (3 December 2015). "What is Mx.? Gender-Neutral Pronoun used by NYTimes as Honorific". iMediaEthics. Archived from the original on 26 November 2022. Retrieved 25 November 2022.
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- Corbett, Phil (3 December 2015). "A 'Mx.'? Did The Times Adopt a New, Gender-Neutral Courtesy Title?". New York Times. Archived from the original on 9 July 2021. Retrieved 1 July 2021.
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- Clark, Charles (3 November 2016). "A British bank has become the first in the world to offer a third gender option for 'non-binary' customers". Business Insider UK. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- "HSBC adds new transgender titles including M and Misc". BBC News. 30 March 2017. Archived from the original on 11 May 2017. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
- Brignall, Miles (30 March 2017). "HSBC offers choice of transgender titles for bank's customers". The Guardian. London. Archived from the original on 10 April 2017. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
- "A change in how parties and lawyers should introduce themselves in court | Provincial Court of British Columbia". Provincial Court of British Columbia. 16 December 2020. Archived from the original on 21 January 2023. Retrieved 23 May 2023.
In the new Notice, the Court is asking people to state their name, title (sometimes called "salutation"), and pronouns to be used in the proceeding, and for lawyers to provide this information for their clients. For example: "My name is Ms. Jane Lee, spelled L-E-E. I use she/her pronouns. I am the lawyer for Mx. Joe Carter who uses they/them pronouns". ("Mx." is pronounced like the word "mix" and is a gender-neutral title/salutation.)
- McKinney, C. J. (8 March 2021). "Non-binary barrister listed as 'Mx' by chambers in legal milestone". Legal Cheek. Archived from the original on 20 May 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
- Baski, Catherine (18 March 2021). "Non-binary barrister's title marks a legal first". The Times. Archived from the original on 20 May 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
- "Non-binary barrister first to appear in chambers with 'Mx' title". Scottish Legal News. 19 March 2021. Archived from the original on 20 May 2021. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
- "A Gender-Neutral Honorific". Merriam-Webster. Archived from the original on 25 August 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- "Vistara, AirAsia add gender-neutral flight booking options". The Hindu. 9 June 2022. ISSN 0971-751X. Archived from the original on 28 June 2022. Retrieved 28 June 2022.
- Bahadur, Nina (11 April 2013). "Swedish gender-neutral pronoun, 'Hen', added to country's National Encyclopedia". Huffington Post. Archived from the original on 9 May 2021. Retrieved 1 April 2021.