Myōkō, Niigata

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Myōkō
妙高市
City
Myōkō City Hall
Myōkō City Hall
Flag of Myōkō
Flag
Official seal of Myōkō
Seal
Location of Myōkō in Niigata
Location of Myōkō in Niigata
Myōkō is located in Japan
Myōkō
Myōkō
 
Coordinates: 37°1′30.7″N 138°15′12.7″E / 37.025194°N 138.253528°E / 37.025194; 138.253528Coordinates: 37°1′30.7″N 138°15′12.7″E / 37.025194°N 138.253528°E / 37.025194; 138.253528
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
PrefectureNiigata
Area
 • Total445.63 km2 (172.06 sq mi)
Population (August 2018)
 • Total32,633
 • Density73/km2 (190/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Symbols 
• TreeFagus crenata
• FlowerGlaucidium palmatum
• BirdBlue-and-white flycatcher
Phone number0255-72-5111
Address5-1 Sakaemachi, Myoko-shi, Niigata-ken 944-8686
WebsiteOfficial website
Mount Myōkō

Myōkō (妙高市, Myōkō-shi) is a city located in Niigata Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 August 2016, the city had an estimated population of 32,633, in 12,390 households and a population density of 73.7 persons per km².[1] The total area are of the city was 445.63 square kilometres (172.06 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Myōkō is located in an inland region of north-central Niigata Prefecture, on the border of Nagano Prefecture. It lies in mountain surroundings near the historical entrance to the Echigo Plains. The city is surrounded by five mountains. Madarao, Myōkō, Kurohime, Togakushi and Iizuna are collectively known as the Five Peaks of Northern Shinano (Hokushingogaku). They make up the border of Nagano and Niigata Prefectures. Most of the city is covered with mountains and forests. As the city name implies, Mount Myōkō (2,454 metres (8,051 feet)) is in the city, much of which is within the borders of the Myōkō-Togakushi Renzan National Park.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Myōkō has a Humid climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm, wet summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Myōkō is 13.3 °C. The average annual rainfall is 2357 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 1.8 °C.[2]

Climate data for Sekiyama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.6
(38.5)
7.4
(45.3)
15.2
(59.4)
20.5
(68.9)
23.4
(74.1)
27.0
(80.6)
28.9
(84)
24.4
(75.9)
18.7
(65.7)
12.8
(55)
6.8
(44.2)
16
(60.8)
Average low °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.1
(41.2)
10.7
(51.3)
15.6
(60.1)
19.7
(67.5)
21.1
(70)
16.8
(62.2)
10.5
(50.9)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
8.1
(46.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 325.1
(12.799)
209.7
(8.256)
135.8
(5.346)
69.7
(2.744)
88.7
(3.492)
133.2
(5.244)
188.1
(7.406)
135.8
(5.346)
168.7
(6.642)
136.7
(5.382)
150.9
(5.941)
253.2
(9.969)
1,995.6
(78.567)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 422
(166.1)
319
(125.6)
175
(68.9)
25
(9.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
15
(5.9)
229
(90.2)
1,185
(466.5)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 74.5 87.9 118.6 167.1 175.8 126.1 123.0 156.5 107.8 117.6 105.7 84.2 1,444.8
Source: 気象庁 Japan Meteorological Agency

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[3] the population of Myōkō has declined steadily over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 44,158
1980 41,980
1990 41,072
2000 39,699
2010 35,457

History[edit]

The area of present-day Myōkō was part of ancient Echigo Province. During the Edo period the area was divided between the holdings of Takada Domain and tenryō territory administered directly by the Tokugawa shogunate. With the creation of the modern municipalities system on June 26, 1890, the village of Arai was created within Nakakubiki District, Niigata. Arai was raised to town status on September 9, 1892 and to city status on November 1, 19854. The city of Myōkō was created on April 1, 2005, by the merger of the city of Arai with the town of Myōkōkōgen, and the village of Myōkō (both from Nakakubiki District).

Economy[edit]

The economy of Myōkō is dependent on seasonal tourism, agriculture and forestry, and light manufacturing.

Government[edit]

Myōkō has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members.

Education[edit]

Myōkō has ten public elementary schools and four public middle schools. There is one public high school, and also one special education school.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Echigo-TOKImeki logomark.svg Echigo Tokimeki Railway - Myōkō Haneuma Line

Shinano Railway Symbolmark.svg Shinano Railway - Kita-Shinano Line

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

  • Myōkōkōgen and the former village of Myōkō are famed for their ski resorts. The first of these, Akakura, was founded in the 1930s, making it one of the oldest established ski areas in the world. It is also a traditional mountain retreat of Japan's imperial family. The Myōkō Ski Area has nine main mountain resorts: Myōkō Akakura, Ikenotaira Onsen, Myōkō Suginohara (which boasts the longest ski run in Japan), Seki Onsen, Kyukamura, Myōkō Ski Park, APA resort Myōkō Pine Valley, Madarao Kogen and Tangram Ski Circus.[4]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Myōkō is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]