Myōkō, Niigata

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Myōkō
妙高市
City
Myōkō City Hall
Myōkō City Hall
Flag of  Myōkō
Flag
Official seal of  Myōkō
Seal
Location of Myōkō in Niigata
Location of Myōkō in Niigata
 Myōkō is located in Japan
 Myōkō
Myōkō
 
Coordinates: 37°1′30.7″N 138°15′12.7″E / 37.025194°N 138.253528°E / 37.025194; 138.253528Coordinates: 37°1′30.7″N 138°15′12.7″E / 37.025194°N 138.253528°E / 37.025194; 138.253528
Country Japan
Region Chūbu (Kōshin'etsu) (Hokuriku)
Prefecture NIigata
Area
 • Total 445.63 km2 (172.06 sq mi)
Population (June 2016)
 • Total 32,829
 • Density 73.7/km2 (191/sq mi)
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
Symbols  
• Tree Fagus crenata
• Flower Glaucidium palmatum
• Bird Blue-and-white flycatcher
Phone number 0255-72-5111
Address 5-1 Sakaemachi, Myoko-shi, Niigata-ken 944-8686
Website www.city.myoko.niigata.jp
Mount Myōkō

Myōkō (妙高市 Myōkō-shi?) is a city located in south-central Niigata Prefecture, in the Hokuriku region of Japan. As of 1 June 2016, the city had an estimated population of 32,829 and a population density of 73.7 persons per km². Its total area was 445.63 square kilometres (172.06 sq mi).

Geography[edit]

Myōkō is located in an inland region of north-central Niigata Prefecture, on the border of Nagano Prefecture. It lies in mountain surroundings near the historical entrance to the Echigo Plains. The city is surrounded by five mountains. Madarao, Myōkō, Kurohime, Togakushi and Iizuna are collectively known as the Five Peaks of Northern Shinano (Hokushingogaku). They make up the border of Nagano and Niigata Prefectures. As the city name implies, [Mount Myōkō]] (2,454 metres (8,051 feet) ) is in the city, much of which is within the borders of the Myōkō-Togakushi Renzan National Park.

Surrounding municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Sekiyama
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
3.6
(38.5)
7.4
(45.3)
15.2
(59.4)
20.5
(68.9)
23.4
(74.1)
27.0
(80.6)
28.9
(84)
24.4
(75.9)
18.7
(65.7)
12.8
(55)
6.8
(44.2)
16
(60.79)
Average low °C (°F) −2.9
(26.8)
−3.1
(26.4)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.1
(41.2)
10.7
(51.3)
15.6
(60.1)
19.7
(67.5)
21.1
(70)
16.8
(62.2)
10.5
(50.9)
4.6
(40.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
8.12
(46.63)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 325.1
(12.799)
209.7
(8.256)
135.8
(5.346)
69.7
(2.744)
88.7
(3.492)
133.2
(5.244)
188.1
(7.406)
135.8
(5.346)
168.7
(6.642)
136.7
(5.382)
150.9
(5.941)
253.2
(9.969)
1,995.6
(78.567)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 422
(166.1)
319
(125.6)
175
(68.9)
25
(9.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
15
(5.9)
229
(90.2)
1,185
(466.5)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 74.5 87.9 118.6 167.1 175.8 126.1 123.0 156.5 107.8 117.6 105.7 84.2 1,444.8
Source: 気象庁 Japan Meteorological Agency

History[edit]

The area of present-day Myōkō was part of ancient Echigo Province. The modern city of Myōkō was established on April 1, 2005, from the merger of the city of Arai and the town of Myōkōkōgen, and the village of Myōkō (both from Nakakubiki District)

Education[edit]

Myōkō has ten public elementary schools and four public middle schools. There is one public high school, and also one special education school.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Highway[edit]

Local attractions[edit]

Myōkōkōgen and the former village of Myōkō are famed for their ski resorts. The first of these, Akakura, was founded in the 1930s, making it one of the oldest established ski areas in the world. It is also a traditional mountain retreat of Japan's imperial family. The Myōkō Ski Area has nine main mountain resorts: Myōkō Akakura, Ikenotaira Onsen, Myōkō Suginohara (which boasts the longest ski run in Japan), Seki Onsen, Kyukamura, Myōkō Ski Park, APA resort Myōkō Pine Valley, Madarao Kogen and Tangram Ski Circus.[1]

Myōkō Kōgen is also well known for its many local onsen (hot springs) emanating from the Jigoku-dani valley between Mts. Myōkō and Mae.[2]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Myōkō is twinned with:

References[edit]

External links[edit]