My Generation (album)

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My Generation
My-Generation--2.jpg
Studio album by
Released3 December 1965 (UK)
25 April 1966 (US)
RecordedApril–October 1965
StudioIBC Studios, Central London
Genre
Length36:13 (UK)
33:35 (US)
LabelBrunswick (UK)
Decca (US)
ProducerShel Talmy
The Who chronology
My Generation
(1965)
Ready Steady Who
(1966)
The Who US chronology
The Who Sings My Generation
(1966)
Happy Jack
(1967)
Singles from My Generation
  1. "My Generation"
    Released: 5 November 1965
  2. "A Legal Matter"
    Released: 7 March 1966
  3. "The Kids Are Alright" / "The Ox"
    Released: July 1966
  4. "La-La-La-Lies" / "The Good's Gone""
    Released: 11 November 1966
Alternative cover
The Who Sings My Generation
The Who Sings My Generation

My Generation is the debut studio album by English rock band the Who, released on 3 December 1965 by Brunswick Records in the United Kingdom. In the United States, it was released on 25 April 1966 by Decca Records as The Who Sings My Generation, with a different cover and a slightly altered track listing.[1] Besides the members of the Who, being Roger Daltrey (vocals), Pete Townshend (guitar), John Entwistle (bass) and Keith Moon (drums), the album features contributions by session musicians Nicky Hopkins (piano) and Jimmy Page (guitar) and vocal group the Ivy League.

The album was made immediately after the Who got their first singles on the charts and according to the booklet in the Deluxe Edition, it was later dismissed by the band as something of a rush job that did not accurately represent their stage performance of the time. While it didn't sell as well as later albums, peaking at #5 on the UK charts and failing to chart in the US, critics have since retrospectively rated it as one of the best rock albums of all time, especially noting its hard sound unusual for the time, and presaging various hard rock styles such as punk and heavy metal.

Recording and songs[edit]

By 1965, the Who were all set after recruiting drummer Keith Moon and saw their former band name change from the Detours to the Who, after briefly being called the High Numbers.[2] In the spring of 1965, the album was started during the Who's early "Maximum R&B" period and features cover versions of the popular R&B songs "I Don't Mind" and "Please, Please, Please",[2] both originally by James Brown, in addition to the R&B leanings of the tracks written by the band's guitarist Pete Townshend. Nine tracks were recorded, but several of them were rejected for Townshend originals made at new sessions that began in October.

According to the booklet in the Deluxe Edition, "I'm a Man" was eliminated from the US release due to its sexual content. The US album also used the edited UK single version of "The Kids Are Alright", which cut a brief instrumental section laden with manic drum rolls and guitar feedback before the final verse.

Many of the songs on the album saw release as singles. Aside from "My Generation", which preceded the album's release and reached No. 2 on the UK Singles Chart, "A Legal Matter", "La-La-La Lies", and "The Kids Are Alright" were also released as domestic singles by Brunswick after the band had started releasing new material on the Reaction label in 1966. As they were not promoted by the band, they were not as commercially successful as "My Generation" or the Reaction singles. "The Kids Are Alright" was however a top 10 single in Sweden, peaking at No. 8.

"My Generation" and "The Kids Are Alright" in particular remain two of the group's most-covered songs; while "My Generation" is a raw, aggressive number that presaged the heavy metal and punk rock movements, "The Kids Are Alright" is a more sophisticated pop number, with chiming guitars, three-part harmonies, and a lilting vocal melody, though still retaining the driving rhythm of other Who songs of the period. The album is considered an important forerunner of the "power pop" movement. "Circles" was notably covered by contemporaries of the group, British freakbeat outfit Les Fleur de Lys. The cover version has found some notice after its inclusion on Nuggets II: Original Artyfacts from the British Empire and Beyond, 1964–1969.

Release history[edit]

The UK release featured a cover image of the band standing beside some oil drums and looking upward to the camera, with splashes of colour added by the red and blue stencilled letters of the title and a jacket patterned after the Union Flag thrown over John Entwistle's shoulders.[3] Pete Townshend was wearing his school scarf. For the US, release this was replaced with a portrait of the band standing beneath Big Ben.

The UK mono album was briefly reissued in Britain in 1979 by Virgin Records, during the height of the country's Mod revival. The bands of that scene owed a direct debt to the Who for inspiration, and the younger generations of their fans were keen to explore those original influences. This pressing of the album went out of print in 1980, meaning there was no official UK edition of "My Generation" again available until the Deluxe edition remaster of 2002.

In 2002, the album was remixed into stereo and remastered for a Deluxe Edition by Shel Talmy. This was the first time any of these songs had seen a stereo release.[4] While sounding clearer in stereo, this edition omits many overdubs that are prominent in the original mono mixes, notably the lead guitar parts in "A Legal Matter" and "My Generation" (though both songs in their mono mixes close disc 2) and the double tracked vocals in "The Good's Gone", "Much Too Much", "La-La-La Lies" and "The Kids Are Alright".

In 2008, the album's original UK mono mix was remastered for the Japanese market, appearing in limited numbers as a double-CD box set and a regular single CD album. Both variations included bonus tracks recorded in 1965. The stereo mixes were taken from the 2002 Deluxe Edition release.

In 2012, the album was released using a flat transfer from the original master tapes (for the mono disc) and released in Japan in 2012 as part of a two-disc mono and stereo set with bonus tracks. In the same year, My Generation was released in mono in the UK as a single disc without bonus tracks, using newer generation tapes several times removed from the original master tape.[5]

In 2014, My Generation was released on iTunes and HDtracks in mono and stereo versions with bonus tracks. The mono version was mastered from the same source as the 2012 Japanese release. The stereo version are mixes different from the 2002 Deluxe Edition release.

On 18 November 2016, Brunswick/Polydor Europe released a 5-CD deluxe edition that includes most previous versions of this complicated product in one collection (Brunswick – 5372740, Polydor – 5372740, UMC – 5372740). The Set includes, Disc 1: The Original Mono Mixes; Disc 2: The Stereo Mixes; Disc 3: The Original Mono Mixes - Bonus Tracks; Disc 4: The Original Stereo Mixes - Bonus Tracks; Disc 5: Primal Scoop - The 1964-1965 Demo Mixes

Reception and legacy[edit]

Professional ratings
Retrospective reviews
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic5/5 stars[6]
MusicHound Rock3/5[7]
PopMatters9/10[8]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide5/5 stars[9]
BBC(Highly Positive)[10]

In his 1967 column for Esquire, music critic Robert Christgau called My Generation "the hardest rock in history".[11] In 1981, he included its American version in his "basic record library".[12] Richie Unterberger hailed the album as "the hardest mod pop" ever recorded in a retrospective review for AllMusic: "At the time of its release, it also had the most ferociously powerful guitars and drums yet captured on a rock record."[6] Mark Kemp wrote of the record in The Rolling Stone Album Guide (2004):

With its ferocious blend of grungy distortion, rumbling bass and percussion, and brutish vocals, The Who Sings My Generation became the blueprint for much of the subsequent garage rock, heavy metal, and punk. In contrast to debut albums from the Rolling Stones (whose take on Southern American rock & soul was fairly earnest) and the Beatles (who spread the word of rock & roll through sweet harmonies and easily digestible melodies), My Generation positively shoved at the boundaries of popular music. Townshend's fiercely original guitar experiments here predate the innovations of his later American rival Jimi Hendrix.[13]

The American edition of the album was included in "A Basic Record Library" of 1950s and 1960s recordings, published in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies (1981).[14] In 2003, My Generation was ranked number 237 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time,[15] maintaining the rating a 2012 revised list,[16] and named the second greatest guitar album of all time by Mojo magazine.[17] In 2004, it was #18 in Q magazine's list of the 50 Best British Albums Ever.[18] In 2006, it was ranked No. 49 in NME's list of the 100 Greatest British Albums.[19] In 2004, the title track was No. 11 in Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest songs of all time. In 2006, "The Kids Are Alright" was No. 34 in Pitchfork's list of the 200 greatest songs of the 1960s.[20] In June 2009, the edited 1966 US version of the album "The Who Sings My Generation" was selected for the National Recording Registry of the US Library of Congress. The album, deemed "culturally significant", will be preserved and archived.[21] Writing for the BBC, Chris Jones described the album as "one of the most vital and important reasons to love rock 'n' roll".[10]

Track listing[edit]

All tracks written by Pete Townshend, except where noted.

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Out in the Street" 2:31
2."I Don't Mind"James Brown2:36
3."The Good's Gone" 4:02
4."La-La-La-Lies" 2:17
5."Much Too Much" 2:47
6."My Generation" 3:18
Total length:17:31
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."The Kids Are Alright" 3:04
2."Please, Please, Please"James Brown, Johnny Terry2:45
3."It's Not True" 2:31
4."I'm a Man"Bo Diddley3:21
5."A Legal Matter" 2:48
6."The Ox" (instrumental)Townshend, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, Nicky Hopkins3:50
Total length:18:19

The Who Sings My Generation

Side one
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."Out in the Street" 2:31
2."I Don't Mind"Brown2:36
3."The Good's Gone" 4:02
4."La-La-La-Lies" 2:17
5."Much Too Much" 2:46
6."My Generation" 3:18
Total length:17:31
Side two
No.TitleWriter(s)Length
1."The Kids Are Alright" 2:46
2."Please, Please, Please"Brown, Terry2:45
3."It's Not True" 2:31
4."The Ox"Townshend, Entwistle, Moon, Hopkins3:50
5."A Legal Matter" 2:48
6."Instant Party (Circles)" 3:12
Total length:17:52

Deluxe Edition (2002)

Personnel[edit]

The Who

Additional musicians

  • Nicky Hopkins - piano
  • The Ivy League - backing vocals on "I Can't Explain" and "Bald Headed Woman"
  • Perry Ford - piano on "I Can't Explain"
  • Jimmy Page - lead guitar on "Bald Headed Woman"

Charts[edit]

Album

Year Chart Position
1965 UK NME Chart Albums 5[22]

Singles

Year Single Chart Position
1965 "My Generation" Billboard Pop Singles 74[citation needed]
UK Record Retailer Singles Charts 2[22]
1966 "A Legal Matter" UK Record Retailer Singles Charts 32[22]
"The Kids Are Alright" UK Record Retailer Singles Charts 41[22]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
United Kingdom (BPI)[23] Gold 100,000^

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Who Official Band Website – Roger Daltrey, Pete Townshend, John Entwistle, and Keith Moon, My Generation". Thewho.com. 1 December 1965. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
  2. ^ a b "The Who - My Generation (album review 4)". Sputnikmusic.com. 29 April 2006. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  3. ^ https://www.rollingstone.com/music/music-features/the-whos-pete-townshend-on-raiding-vaults-for-my-generation-box-set-124688/
  4. ^ Andy Neill Deluxe Edition liner notes, p.23
  5. ^ "The Who My Generation". Steve Hoffman Music Forums. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  6. ^ a b Unterberger, Richie. "Allmusic review". AllMusic. All Media Guide. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  7. ^ Graff, Gary; Durchholz, Daniel (eds) (1999). MusicHound Rock: The Essential Album Guide. Farmington Hills, MI: Visible Ink Press. p. 1227. ISBN 1-57859-061-2.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Wisnicki, Nathan (8 January 2013). "The Who: My Generation (mono remaster)". PopMatters. Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  9. ^ Kemp 2004, p. 871.
  10. ^ a b Jones, Chris. "BBC - Music - Review of The Who - My Generation". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  11. ^ Christgau, Robert (1967). "Secular Music (2)". Esquire (October). Retrieved 9 October 2014.
  12. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "The Fifties and Sixties". Rock Albums of the '70s: A Critical Guide. Da Capo Press. pp. 453, 456. ISBN 0306804093.
  13. ^ Kemp 2004, pp. 871–2.
  14. ^ Christgau, Robert (1981). "A Basic Record Library: The Fifties and Sixties". Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies. Ticknor & Fields. ISBN 0899190251. Retrieved 16 March 2019 – via robertchristgau.com.
  15. ^ "Rolling Stone". Rolling Stone. 16 October 2015. Archived from the original on 16 October 2015. Retrieved 8 September 2018.
  16. ^ "500 Greatest Albums of All Time Rolling Stone's definitive list of the 500 greatest albums of all time". Rolling Stone. 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  17. ^ Barnes, Anthony (21 July 2003). "Hendrix heads list of 100 guitar greats with 'Are You Experienced'". The Independent. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
  18. ^ "Q Magazine". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
  19. ^ "NME". Rocklistmusic.co.uk. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
  20. ^ "The 200 Greatest Songs of the 1960s - Page 3". Pitchfork.com. Retrieved 11 August 2016.
  21. ^ Metzler, Natasha (9 June 2009). "New National Recording Registry entries announced". Associated Press , San Fransciso Chronicle.
  22. ^ a b c d "The Who at". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
  23. ^ "British album certifications – Who – My Generation". British Phonographic Industry. Select albums in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type My Generation in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]