My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (album)
|My Life in the Bush of Ghosts|
|Studio album by Brian Eno–David Byrne|
|Recorded||August 4, 1979 – October 1980|
|Producer||Brian Eno, David Byrne|
|Brian Eno and David Byrne chronology|
|David Byrne chronology|
|Brian Eno chronology|
|2006 re-issue cover|
|Singles from My Life in the Bush of Ghosts|
My Life in the Bush of Ghosts is an album by Brian Eno and David Byrne, released in February 1981. It is titled after Amos Tutuola's 1954 novel of the same name. Recorded by Eno and Byrne in between their work on Talking Heads projects, the album integrates sampled vocals and found sounds, African and Middle Eastern rhythms, and electronic music techniques. It has been called a "pioneering work for countless styles connected to electronics, ambience, and Third World music". The extensive use of sampling on the album is widely considered ground-breaking and innovative, though its actual influence on the sample-based music genres that later emerged continues to be debated.
While it received mixed reviews upon its release, My Life is now widely regarded as a high point in the discographies of Eno and Byrne. Pitchfork listed My Life in the Bush of Ghosts as the 21st best album of the 1980s, while Slant Magazine listed the album at No. 83 on its list of the "Best Albums of 1980s".
Recording and production
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
Eno and Byrne first worked together while collaborating on More Songs About Buildings and Food, the 1978 album by Byrne's band Talking Heads. My Life was primarily recorded during a break between touring for Fear of Music (1979) and the recording of Remain in Light (1980), subsequent Talking Heads albums also produced by Eno, but the release was delayed while legal rights were sought for the large number of samples used throughout the album. Anthropologist Bob White calls the album experimental rock, while John Bush of AllMusic called it "45 minutes of worldbeat/funk-rock". Eno described the album as a "vision of a psychedelic Africa."
The "found objects" credited to Eno and Byrne were common objects used mostly as percussion. In the notes for the 2006 expanded edition of the album, Byrne writes that they would often use a normal drum kit, but with a cardboard box replacing the bass drum, or a frying pan replacing the snare drum; this would blend the familiar drum sound with unusual percussive noises.[full citation needed] Rather than conventional pop or rock singing, most of the vocals are sampled from other sources, such as commercial recordings of Arabic singers, radio disc jockeys, and an exorcist. Musicians had previously used similar sampling techniques, but critic Dave Simpson declares it had never before been used "to such cataclysmic effect" as on My Life.
In 2001, Q magazine asked Eno whether he and Byrne had invented sampling. He replied:
|“||No, there was already a history of it. People such as Holger Czukay had made experiments using IBM Dictaphones and short-wave radios and so on. The difference was, I suppose, that I decided to make it the lead vocal on the album My Life in the Bush of Ghosts||”|
The album was recorded entirely with analogue technology, before the advent of digital sequencing and MIDI. The sampled voices were synchronized with the instrumental tracks via trial and error, a practice that was often frustrating, but which also produced several happy accidents.
Also according to Byrne's 2006 notes,[full citation needed] neither he nor Eno had read Tutuola's novel before the album was recorded. Both were familiar with Tutuola's earlier The Palm-Wine Drinkard (1952), but his My Life in the Bush of Ghosts was not easily obtained in the U.S. when the material was recorded. Even without reading the book, Eno and Byrne thought the title reflected their interest in African music, and also had an evocative, vaguely sinister quality that also referenced the voices sampled for the album: the vocalists were recorded sometimes several decades before being re-appropriated by Eno and Byrne, and the voices often seemed to take on unanticipated qualities when placed in the new context.
- Side one
- "America Is Waiting" – Unidentified indignant radio host (Ray Taliaferro of KGO NEWSTALK AM 810), San Francisco, April 1980.
- "Mea Culpa" – Inflamed caller and smooth politician replying, both unidentified. Radio call-in show, New York, July 1979.
- "Regiment" – Dunya Yunis [sic], Lebanese mountain singer, from The Human Voice in the World of Islam (Tangent Records TGS131)
- "Help Me Somebody" – Reverend Paul Morton, broadcast sermon, New Orleans, June 1980.
- "The Jezebel Spirit" – Unidentified exorcist, New York, September 1980.
- Side two
- "Qu'ran" – Algerian Muslims chanting the Qur'an. (same source as track 3)
- "Moonlight in Glory" – The Moving Star Hall Singers, Sea Island, Georgia. (From The Moving Star Hall Singers, Folkways FS 3841), produced by Guy Carawan.
- "The Carrier" – *Dunya Yunis. (same source as track 3)
- "A Secret Life" – Samira Tewfik, Lebanese popular singer. (from Les Plus Grandes Artistes du Monde Arabe, EMI)
- "Come with Us" – *Unidentified radio evangelist, San Francisco, April 1980
Original package design was created by Peter Saville.
|“||Having tried a few different directions for LP cover art, we decided to incorporate the video monitor as a painting tool, as Brian and others were doing here and there. By pointing the camera at the monitor and generating video feedback a few little cutout humanoid shapes pasted on the screen would be infinitely multiplied. And by fussing with the color setting on the backs of the TV sets one could saturate and skew the color quite a bit. I also took some pictures of just skewed vortexes and whorls of color, and then we did some images where we skewed the color on pictures that had been taken of ourselves and then took polaroids of the results. Somehow, despite it being very techie, these techniques also seemed analogous to what we were doing on the record. It was funky as well as being techie. Extremely lo tech actually, and not what you were supposed to do with a TV set||”|
|This section requires expansion. (October 2015)|
|Drowned in Sound (2006 re-issue)|||
|The Guardian (2006 re-issue)|||
|The Independent (2006 re-issue)|||
|The Observer (2006 re-issue)|||
|Pitchfork Media (2006 re-issue)||8.5/10|
|The Times (2006 re-issue)|||
|Uncut (2006 re-issue)|||
In a 1985 interview, singer Kate Bush remarked that Bush of Ghosts "left a very big mark on popular music". The album enthused Rick Wright of Pink Floyd, "knocked me sideways when I first heard it – full of drum loops, samples and soundscapes. Stuff that we really take for granted now, but which was unheard of in all but the most progressive musical circles at the time… The way the sounds were mixed in was so fresh, it was amazing."[full citation needed]
25th anniversary reissue
The album was reissued on March 27, 2006 in the UK and April 11, 2006 in the US, remastered and with seven extra tracks. To mark the reissue, two songs were made available to download online, consisting of the entire multitracks. Under the Creative Commons License, members of the public are able to download the multitracks, and use them for their own remixes.
The track "Qu'ran" was excluded from this release without comment. However, in an interview for Pitchfork Media about the 2006 reissue, Byrne said:
|“||Way back when the record first came out, in 1981, it might have been '82, we got a request from an Islamic organization in London, and they said, 'We consider this blasphemy that you put grooves to the chanting of the Holy Book.' And we thought, 'Okay, in deference to somebody's religion, we'll take it off.' You could probably argue for and against monkeying with something like that. But I think we were certainly feeling very cautious about this whole thing. We made a big effort to try and clear all the voices, and make sure everybody was okay with everything. Because we thought, 'We're going to get accused of all kinds of things, and so we want to cover our asses as best we can.' So I think in that sense we reacted maybe with more caution than we had to. But that's the way it was.||”|
While discussing the re-release in 2006, the two began collaborating again on a new project that became the album Everything That Happens Will Happen Today, which was independently released in 2008. Byrne toured to promote his collaborations with Eno in 2008 and 2009, resulting in the release of the live EP Everything That Happens Will Happen on This Tour – David Byrne on Tour: Songs of David Byrne and Brian Eno featuring a performance of "Help Me Somebody" in 2008.
Original LP (1981)
|1.||"America Is Waiting"||3:36|
|4.||"Help Me Somebody"||4:18|
|5.||"The Jezebel Spirit"||4:55|
|2.||"Moonlight in Glory"||4:19|
|4.||"A Secret Life"||2:20|
|5.||"Come with Us"||2:38|
|6.||"Mountain of Needles"||2:35|
In the 1982 second edition, the track "Qu'ran"—which features samples of Qur'anic recital—was removed at the request of the Islamic Council of Great Britain. In its place "Very, Very Hungry" (the B-side of "The Jezebel Spirit" 12" EP) was substituted. The first edition of the CD (1986) included both tracks, with "Very, Very Hungry" as a bonus track. Later editions (1990 and later) followed the revised LP track order without "Qu'ran."
A widely circulated bootleg of outtakes was released in 1992 as Klondyke Records KR 21. Sound quality is nearly equal to the original CD release.
- "Interview" – 3:03 (excerpt from Brian's February 2, 1980 KPFA-FM interview, where he discusses recording the album)
- "Mea Culpa" – 4:56
- "Into the Spirit Womb" [sic](actual title as spoken on the track is "Into the Spirit World") – 6:07 ("The Jezebel Spirit" with the original Kathryn Kuhlman vocals, which her estate refused to license)
- "Regiment" (Byrne, Eno, Jones) – 4:13
- "The Friends of Amos Tutuola" – 2:01 ("Two Against Three" in the official 2006 re-release)
- "America Is Waiting" (Byrne, Eno, Laswell, Wright, Van Tieghem) – 3:42
- "The Carrier" – 4:22
- "Very Very Hungry" – 3:25
- "On the Way to Zagora" – 2:43 ("Pitch to Voltage" in the official 2006 re-release)
- "Les Hommes Ne Le Sauront Jamais" – 3:33 ("Number 8 Mix" in the official 2006 re-release)
- "A Secret Life" – 2:34
- "Come with Us" – 2:42
- "Mountain of Needles" – 2:31
Except as noted, the tracks are the same mix as originally released.
2006 expanded issue
Remastered, with bonus tracks. 2, 3, 7 and 8 are longer than on the original album.
- "America Is Waiting" (Byrne, Eno, Laswell, Wright, Van Tieghem) – 3:38
- "Mea Culpa" – 4:57
- "Regiment" (Byrne, Eno, Jones) – 4:11
- "Help Me Somebody" – 4:17
- "The Jezebel Spirit" – 4:56
- "Very, Very Hungry" – 3:21
- "Moonlight in Glory" – 4:30
- "The Carrier" – 4:19
- "A Secret Life" – 2:31
- "Come with Us" – 2:42
- "Mountain of Needles" – 2:39
- "Pitch to Voltage" – 2:38
- "Two Against Three" – 1:55
- "Vocal Outtakes" – 0:36
- "New Feet" – 2:26
- "Defiant" – 3:41
- "Number 8 Mix" – 3:30
- "Solo Guitar with Tin Foil" – 3:00
|This section does not cite any sources. (October 2015) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
- David Byrne and Brian Eno – guitars, bass guitars, synthesizers, drums, percussion, found objects
- John Cooksey – drums on "Help Me Somebody" and "Qu'ran"
- Chris Frantz – drums on "Regiment"
- Robert Fripp – Frippertronics on "Regiment"
- Michael "Busta Cherry" Jones – bass guitar on "Regiment"
- Dennis Keeley – bodhrán on "Mea Culpa"
- Bill Laswell – bass guitar on "America Is Waiting"
- Mingo Lewis – batá, sticks on "The Jezebel Spirit" and "The Carrier"
- Prairie Prince – can, bass drum on "The Jezebel Spirit" and "The Carrier"
- José Rossy – congas, agong-gong on "Moonlight in Glory"
- Steve Scales – congas, metals on "Help Me Somebody"
- David Van Tieghem – drums, percussion (scrap metal, found objects) on "America Is Waiting" and "Regiment"
- Tim Wright – click bass on "America Is Waiting"
- Rooks on "Help Me Somebody" courtesy of April Potts, recorded at Eglingham Hall
|1999||EMI||CD||0777 7 86473 2 4|
|UK Albums Chart||29|
|New Zealand Albums Chart||8|
|US Albums Chart||44|
|Belgian (Flanders) Albums Chart||62|
- Bob W., White (2012). Music and Globalization: Critical Encounters. Bloomingtom: Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-35712-0.
- Bush, John. "My Life in the Bush of Ghosts". AllMusic.
- Bogdanov, Vladimir et. al. All Music Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul. Hal Leonard Corporation, 2002. P. 368.
- Fact Magazine: "The Essential... Brian Eno - My Life in the Bush of Ghosts"
- Popmatters Review: My Life in the Bush of Ghosts (2006 Reissue)
- Reynolds, Simon (2006). Rip It Up and Start Again: Postpunk 1978–1984. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-21570-6.
- Brian Eno + David Byrne: My Life in the Bush of Ghosts : Reviews
- "Best Albums of the 1980s". Slant Magazine. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
- Bush of Ghosts- Making Of Essay by David Byrne, 2005.
- Brian Eno and David Byrne, My Life in the Bush of Ghosts | | guardian.co.uk Arts
- Sheppard, David (July 2001). "Cash for Questions". Q.
- Feld, Steven; Kirkegaard, Annemette (2010), Entangled Complicities in the Prehistory of 'World Music': Poul Rovsing Olsen and Jean Jenkins Encounter Brian Eno and David Byrne in the Bush of Ghosts, Popular Musicology Online, ISSN 1357-0951, retrieved 2012-05-11
- album and video web page Archived May 17, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Robert Christgau: CG: Brian Eno/David Byrne". 1981. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- "My Life in the Bush of Ghosts by David Byrne and Brian Eno". Rolling Stone. 1981-04-02. Retrieved 2011-06-15.
- Williams, Gen (2006-03-27). "Brian Eno & David Byrne - My Life in the Bush of Ghosts / Releases / Releases // Drowned in Sound". Drowned in Sound. Retrieved 2012-03-25.
- Dave Simpson (2006-03-24). "CD: Brian Eno and David Byrne, My Life in the Bush of Ghosts". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2012-03-25.
- http://enjoyment.independent.co.uk/music/reviews/article353167.ece. Retrieved April 21, 2006. Missing or empty
- Jason Cowley (2006-03-19). "Reissue of the month: Brian Eno and David Byrne, My Life In the Bush of Ghosts | The Observer". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 2012-03-25.
- Dahlen, Chris (2006-03-23). "David Byrne & Brian Eno, My Life in the Bush of Ghosts". Pitchfork Media. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
- "Brian Eno / David Byrne". The Sunday Times (London). Retrieved 2012-03-25.
- p.119, Apr 2006
- Gaffaweb - Kate Bush - REACHING OUT - MTV - Unedited
- Q, November 1996
- Dahlen, Chris (2006-07-17). "Interviews: David Byrne". Pitchfork Media.
- Brian Eno Discography (official)
- "charts.org.nz – Brian Eno & David Byrne – My Life in the Bush of Ghosts". Recording Industry Association of New Zealand. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
- "ultratop.be – Brian Eno & David Byrne – My Life in the Bush of Ghosts". Ultratop. Retrieved 2010-07-08.