Though associated with Al Jolson, who performed the song very successfully, "My Mammy" was performed first in 1918 by William Frawley (later to become famous on I Love Lucy) as a vaudeville act. Saul Bornstein, the general manager in early 1921 for Irving Berlin Music Publishing, brought the song to Jolson's attention; Jolson first interpolated the song in January 1921 to the Broadway show Sinbad which was in the fourth year of its run. Jolson recorded this song twice and performed it in films, including The Jazz Singer (1927), The Singing Fool (1928) and Rose of Washington Square (1939). His voice can also be heard (dubbing actor Larry Parks) singing the song in "The Jolson Story." 
The group The Happenings revived the song in 1967 with a recording that reached #13 on the Billboard Hot 100. During their PopMart Tour of 1997–98, rock music band U2 would often quote the line "The sun shines east, the sun shines west, I know where the sun shines best" in performances of their song, "Miami". "The British rock band The Psychedelic Furs parodied it in their song "We Love You" , singing "I would walk a million smiles for one of your miles" . In the Broadway musical "Thoroughly Modern Millie", the song is parodied in the song "Muqǐn".
The song "My Mammy" has been recorded by many artists, including:
- White, Mark (1983). "You must remember this—": popular songwriters, 1900-1980. F. Warne. p. 79
- Hebert G. Goldman, Jolson: The Legend Comes to Life (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988), 114-115.