Myanmar National Airlines
|Founded||15 September 1948 (as Union of Burma Airways)|
|Parent company||Ministry of Transport,Union of Myanmar|
|Key people||Than Tun (MD)|
Myanmar National Airlines (Burmese: မြန်မာ့လေကြောင်း) is the sole national flag carrier and state-owned airline of Myanmar, based in Yangon. It operates scheduled services to all major domestic destinations. Its main base is Yangon International Airport.
The airline was founded by the government after independence in 15 September 1948, as the Union of Burma Airways (UBA). It initially operated domestic services only, and international services were added in 1950. The name was changed to Burma Airways in December 1972, and to Myanma Airways on 1 April 1989 following the renaming of the country from Burma to Myanmar. International services of Myanma Airways have been made as joint venture airline, Myanmar Airways International (MAI). Myanma Airways is the majority shareholder of Joint Venture Company MAI, set up in 1993. In 2003, it was proposed to set up a Myanmar-based airline for chartered international passenger and cargo flights, which was planned to be called Air Myanmar. What would have been a joint-venture between Myanma Airways and private investor was abandoned in 2005.
In mid-2012, Myanma Airways ordered to lease two new Embraer 190AR from GE Civil Aviation Services Co.Ltd, that replaced its Fokker F-28 from November 2012. On February 11, 2014, at the Singapore Airshow, Myanma Airways signed a $960 million deal with GECAS for 6 Boeing 737-800s and 4 Boeing 737 MAX planes. The deal is the largest commercial sale by a US company to Myanmar in decades and is the largest single aircraft order in the history of Myanmar's aviation industry. In December 2014, Myanma Airways re-branded itself to Myanmar National Airways.
|ATR 42-320||1||-||52||leased to Fmi air|
|ATR 72-212||2||-||74||XY-AIA to be sold|
|ATR 72-600||-||6||TBA||MOU signed May 6, 2014|
|Beechcraft 1900||2||-||-||Planned for medical emergency flights only  but used for regular Sittwe/Yangon services.
1 leased to Fmi air
|Boeing 737-800||1||5||TBA||To be leased from GECAS, first delivery on 11 June 2015|
|Boeing 737 MAX 8||-||4||TBA||To be leased from GECAS, delivery from 2017|
|Cessna 208 Caravan||2||-||9|
Fleet in 1970
|Vickers Viscount 700||3||0|
Accidents and incidents
Union of Burma Airways
- On 26 June 1954, Douglas DC-3 was hijacked by members of the Karen National Defense Organization (KNDO, later the Karen National Liberation Army). After the killing of Saw Ba U Gyi in 1950, the first president of the Karen National Union (KNU), the group sought to regain both a political initiative and financial leverage. Three KNDO members - Major Saw Kyaw Aye, Captain Thein Kyaw and Captain A Nyein - planned to hijack a plane, and use it to smuggle illegal weapons. They successfully hijacked the plane, and forced its British pilot Captain A.E. Hare to land on a deserted beach, after other group members had failed to build a suitable temporary runway in Karen. Finding 700,000 Burmese kyat in metal chests in the cargo, cash being transported between bank branches, they confiscated this and then let the plane take off. Censorship banned reporting of the story for over 50 years, but in April 2014 it was the subject of the book The World's First Hijacking, and is being developed into a Hollywood-produced film under the same title.
- On 23 May 1969, Douglas DC-3 XY-ACR crashed on approach to Lashio Airport killing all six people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic non-scheduled passenger flight.
- On 16 August 1972, a Douglas C-47B, registration XY-ACM, crashed shortly after take-off from Thandwe Airport on a scheduled passenger flight. Twenty-eight people on board were killed and only 3 survived.
- On 24 August 1972, Vickers Viscount XY-ADF of Union of Burma Airways was damaged beyond economic repair at Sittwe Airport when it departed the runway on landing and the undercarriage collapsed.
- On 27 January 1998, a Myanma Airways Fokker F27 crashed while taking off from Yangon, Myanmar, killing 16 of the 45 people on board.
- On 24 August 1998, Myanma Airways Flight 635 crashed into a hill on approach to Tachilek Airport killing all 36 on board.
- On 6 June 2009, Myanma Airways Flight 409, Fokker F28-4000, registration XY-ADW, overran the runway at Sittwe Airport. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.
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Michael Edward Brown (2004). New global dangers: changing dimensions of international security. MIT Press. p. 65. ISBN 0-262-52430-9.
Myo Theingi Cho (29 September – 5 October 2003). "New airline ready to fly". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
Myo Theingi Cho (9–15 August 2004). "Air Myanmar set for take-off". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
"New Air Line to be launched" (PDF). The New Light of Myanmar. 29 July 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
"New Myanmar-foreign joint venture airline to launch int'l flight". Asian Tribune. 6 July 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
"Myanmar Domestic Airline to Stretch Wing to Regional Destinations". Xinhua. 7 October 2005. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
"News from Yangon (Rangoon)". Yangonow. December 2003. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- volaspheric: Myanma Airways orders two new Embraer 190
- "Aircraft and Fleet Lists - ch-aviation.com". ch-aviation. Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- Our Fleet, Myanma Airways
- "Eleven Myanmar". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Myanmar to launch medical emergency flight charters". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "Boeing". mediaroom.com. Retrieved 26 June 2015.
- "Myanmar carrier leases 10 Boeing planes worth $1.2b". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- "1970 - 0557 - Flight Archive". Retrieved 24 April 2015.
- KYAW HSU MON (September 13, 2013). "Burma’s First Hijacking—Soon on Film". The Irrawaddy. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- Jonah Fisher (27 June 2014). "The man who carried out one of the world's earliest hijackings". BBC News, Myanmar. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
- "JACDEC´s AIRLINER SAFETY STATISTICS: AIRLINES". JACDEC. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
- "TRAVEL REPORT: Burma (Myanmar)". Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
- "XY-ACR Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
- "XY-ACM Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 September 2010.
- "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- "MYANMAR GOVERNMENT REPORTS CRASH OF PASSENGER PLANE IN LAOS". AFP. 27 August 1998. Retrieved 10 November 2010.
- "06. June 2009 Myanma Airways Fokker 28-4000 XY-ADW Sittwe Airport, Myanmar (Burma)" (PDF). Jacdec. Retrieved 17 May 2013.
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