Myanma Airways

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Myanma Airways
မြန်မာ့လေကြောင်း
Myanmarairway.svg
IATA
UB[1]
ICAO
UBA[1]
Callsign
UNIONAIR
Founded 15 September 1948 (as Union of Burma Airways)
Hubs Yangon International Airport
Mandalay International Airport
Fleet size 15 (+14 orders)
Destinations 32
Parent company Ministry of Transport,Union of Myanmar
Headquarters Yangon, Myanmar
Key people Than Tun (MD)
Website [3]

Myanma Airways Corporation (Burmese: မြန်မာ့လေကြောင်း) is the sole national flag carrier and state-owned airline of Myanmar, based in Yangon.[2] It operates scheduled services to all major domestic destinations. Its main base is Yangon International Airport.[3]

History[edit]

Union of Burma Airways Boeing 727 at Hong Kong Kai Tak International Airport in 1974
Fokker F27-600 of Myanma Airways at Yangon International Airport in 2005.

The airline was founded by the government after independence in 15 September 1948, as the Union of Burma Airways (UBA). It initially operated domestic services only, and international services were added in 1950. The name was changed to Burma Airways in December 1972, and to Myanma Airways on 1 April 1989 following the renaming of the country from Burma to Myanmar. International services of Myanma Airways have been made as joint venture airline, Myanmar Airways International (MAI). Myanma Airways is the majority shareholder of Joint Venture Company MAI, set up in 1993.[3] In 2003, it was proposed to set up a Myanmar-based airline for chartered international passenger and cargo flights, which was planned to be called Air Myanmar. What would have been a joint-venture between Myanma Airways and private investor was abandoned in 2005.[4] In mid-2012, Myanma Airways ordered to lease two new Embraer 190AR from GE Civil Aviation Services Co.Ltd, that replaced its Fokker F-28 from November 2012.[5] On February 11, 2014, at the Singapore Airshow, Myanma Airways signed a $960 million deal with GECAS for 6 Boeing 737-800s and 4 Boeing 737 MAX planes. The deal is the largest commercial sale by a US company to Myanmar in decades and is the largest single aircraft order in the history of Myanmar's aviation industry.[6]

Current fleet[edit]

Fokker F28-4000 of Myanma Airways in 2005.
Myanma Airways' ATR 42-320 aircraft at Yangon International Airport

The Myanma Airways fleet includes the following aircraft (as of June 2013):[7]

Myanma Airways fleet
Aircraft In fleet Orders Options Notes
ATR 42-320 1 0 0
ATR 72-212 2 0 0
ATR 72-500 3 2 0 Orders replacing Xian MA60

[8]

Beechcraft 1900[9] 2 0 0
Boeing 737-800[10] 0 6 0 to be leased from GECAS, delivery from June 2015
Boeing 737 MAX 8[11] 0 4 0 to be leased from GECAS, delivery from 2017
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan 2 0 0
COMAC ARJ21-700 0 2 0
Embraer E-190[12] 2 0 0
Xian MA-60 3 0 0 All grounded for safety checks following two landing incidents, to be replaced by ATR 72-500[13]

[14]

Total 15 14 0

[15]

Fleet in 1970[edit]

Union of Burma Airways fleet in 1970 [16]
Aircraft Total Orders Notes
Boeing 727 1 0
Douglas DC-3 7 0
Fokker F27 5 0
Vickers Viscount 700 3 0
Total 16 0

Accidents and incidents[edit]

Burma Airways[edit]

The former Burma Airways had a poor safety record but now, as Myanma Airways is strongly maintaining its safety under ICAO and Myanmar DCA regulations and requirements:[17][18]

  • On 23 May 1969, Douglas DC-3 XY-ACR crashed on approach to Lashio Airport killing all six people on board. The aircraft was operating a domestic non-scheduled passenger flight.[19]
  • On 16 August 1972, a Douglas C-47B, registration XY-ACM, crashed shortly after take-off from Thandwe Airport on a scheduled passenger flight. Twenty-eight people on board were killed and only 3 survived.[20]
  • On 24 August 1972, Vickers Viscount XY-ADF of Union of Burma Airways was damaged beyond economic repair at Sittwe Airport when it departed the runway on landing and the undercarriage collapsed.[21]

Myanma Airways[edit]

  • On 27 January 1998, a Myanma Airways Fokker F27 crashed while taking off from Yangon, Myanmar, killing 16 of the 45 people on board.
  • On 24 August 1998, Myanma Airways Flight 635 crashed into a hill on approach to Tachilek Airport killing all 36 on board.[22]
  • On 6 June 2009, Myanma Airways Flight 409, Fokker F28-4000, registration XY-ADW, overran the runway at Sittwe Airport. The aircraft was damaged beyond repair.[23]
  • On 16 May 2013, Myanma Airways Flight 646, Xian MA60 registration XY-AIQ from Heho Airport to Monghsat Airport, overran the runway on landing, resulting in two serious injuries and substantial damage to the aircraft. The MA60 allegedly suffered brake failure.[24]
  • On 10 June 2013, Myanma Airways Flight 309, a Xian MA60 registration XY-AIP from Mawlamyaing Airport to Kawthaung, touched down on Kawthaung's runway 02 but veered left off the runway and came to a stop in a clump of bushes and trees about 60 meters off the runway. There were no injuries, but both propellers received substantial damage.[25]

See also[edit]

List of airlines of Burma

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Airframes.org
  2. ^ "Contact." Myanma Airways. Retrieved on 30 December 2012. "Myanma Airways Head Office 104, Kanna Road, Yangon, Myanmar."
  3. ^ a b "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 10 April 2007. p. 53. 
  4. ^ "Report: Myanmar state airline in joint venture for chartered cargo, passenger flights". AP Worldstream. Associated Press. 29 September 2003. Retrieved 18 November 2010. 
    Michael Edward Brown (2004). New global dangers: changing dimensions of international security. MIT Press. p. 65. ISBN 0-262-52430-9. 
    Myo Theingi Cho (29 September – 5 October 2003). "New airline ready to fly". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    Myo Theingi Cho (9–15 August 2004). "Air Myanmar set for take-off". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    "New Air Line to be launched". The New Light of Myanmar. 29 July 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    "New Myanmar-foreign joint venture airline to launch int'l flight". Asian Tribune. 6 July 2004. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    "Myanmar Domestic Airline to Stretch Wing to Regional Destinations". Xinhua. 7 October 2005. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
    "News from Yangon (Rangoon)". Yangonow. December 2003. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  5. ^ volaspheric: Myanma Airways orders two new Embraer 190
  6. ^ http://www.genewscenter.com/Press-Releases/GE-Capital-Aviation-Services-GECAS-to-Lease-10-New-Boeing-Aircraft-With-Myanma-Airways-4522.aspx
  7. ^ Myanma Airways Fleet
  8. ^ http://elevenmyanmar.com/national/3255-myanmar-airways-to-buy-3-french-aircrafts
  9. ^ Myanmar to launch medical emergency flight charters
  10. ^ [1]
  11. ^ [2]
  12. ^ Myanma Airways orders two Embraer aircraft, Myanmar Times, September, 2012
  13. ^ "Myanmar grounds all MA-60s". Mizzima News. 12 June 2013. Retrieved 11 June 2013. 
  14. ^ http://avherald.com/h?article=4625fd9f&opt=1 Retrieved 17 May 2013.
  15. ^ Our Fleet, Myanma Airways
  16. ^ Flight International 26 March 1970
  17. ^ "JACDEC´s AIRLINER SAFETY STATISTICS: AIRLINES". JACDEC. Retrieved 11 November 2010. 
  18. ^ "TRAVEL REPORT: Burma (Myanmar)". Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada. Retrieved 11 November 2010. 
  19. ^ "XY-ACR Accident Description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 14 February 2011. 
  20. ^ "XY-ACM Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  21. ^ "Accident description". Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 8 October 2009. 
  22. ^ "MYANMAR GOVERNMENT REPORTS CRASH OF PASSENGER PLANE IN LAOS". AFP. 27 August 1998. Retrieved 10 November 2010. 
  23. ^ "06. June 2009 Myanma Airways Fokker 28-4000 XY-ADW Sittwe Airport, Myanmar (Burma)". Jacdec. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  24. ^ Hradecky, Simon (16 May 2013). "Accident: Myanma MA60 at Monghsat on May 16th 2013, runway excursion". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved 17 May 2013. 
  25. ^ http://avherald.com/h?article=4639a3ff&opt=1 Retrieved 10 June 2013

External links[edit]