Myanmar Radio National Service

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Myanmar Radio National Service
City Yangon, Naypyidaw
Broadcast area Myanmar
Frequency 576 kHz AM, 594 kHz AM, 104 MHz FM[1]
First air date 15 February 1946[2]
Format News and entertainment
Power 50 kW
Owner Ministry of Information, Myanmar

Myanmar Radio National Service (Burmese: မြန်မာ့အသံ; formerly, Burma Broadcasting Service (BBS)), is the national radio service of Myanmar. It has its broadcasting headquarters in both the administrative capital of Naypyidaw and Yangon, Myanmar's largest city. The service runs Myanmar Radio and Myanmar Radio Minorities Service. Like all legally operating radio stations in Myanmar, such as Yangon City FM and Mandalay City FM, Myanmar Radio is under state management.

MRNS, alongside all other state-controlled media, is the mouthpiece of successive Burmese governments. However, due to a recent revamp in giving greater air time to music and pop topics, the state-affiliated radio services are, despite their affiliation with the government, popular with the populace. However, in terms of audience for news programmes, MRNS is least popular (and perceived as least credible). Most Burmese listen to foreign based pro-opposition radio services.[3]

History[edit]

Radio service in Myanmar first came on air in 1936 during the British colonial era.[4] Regular programming by Bama Athan (Burmese: ဗမာ့အသံ; "Voice of Burma") began in 1946 when the British established Burma Broadcasting Service (BBS), carrying Burmese language national and foreign news and musical entertainment, knowledge reply and school lessons and English language news and music programming.[2] After independence in 1948, it was named Myanma Athan (Burmese: မြန်မာ့အသံ; also meaning Voice of Burma, but with the more formal term "Myanmar").

The service was renamed Myanmar Radio by the military government which came to power in 1988. The radio service's parent, the Burmese Broadcasting Service was also renamed as Myanmar Radio and Television (MRTV) in 1997.[4]

Until the launch of Yangon City FM in 2001, BBS/Myanmar Radio was the only radio station in the country. For years, its main broadcast center is at 426 Pyay Road in Kamayut in Yangon. Since late 2007, the main broadcast station has moved to Naypyidaw. Yangon Station now mostly relays Naypyidaw Station's programming.[1]

Broadcast service[edit]

Since the first high frequency (HF) installations back in the 1950s, the service's HF transmitter capacity has not had a major upgrade.[5] However, there have been some minor frequency adjustments, with 4725 replacing the former 4795 and 5040, 7185 replacing 7125 and 7120, and 9730 replacing 9725 and 6035.[5]

Station Frequency Location Notes
Myanmar Radio 594 kHz Naypyidaw  ?2300-0230 (Sat/Sun-0730), 0330-0730, 0930-1600
Myanmar Radio 576 kHz, 104 MHz Yangon 2300v-2400v, 0030-0230, 0330-0830 (Sat/Sun 0030-0830), 0930-1600. Carries separate program 0030-0230, and at other times relays 594 kHz.
Myanmar Radio Minorities Service 4725 kHz Yangon  ?0930-1230 (Currently inactive)
Myanmar Radio Distance Learning 4725 kHz Yangon 0930-1330/1530v (Currently inactive)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Radio Stations in Myanmar (Burma)". Asia Waves. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  2. ^ a b Kyaw Kyaw Htun and Win Lwin. "Myanmar Country Report" (PDF). ASEAN Mass Communication Studies and Research Center. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  3. ^ Min Zin (November 2002). "Keeping the Pulse of Burmese Airwaves". The Irrawaddy. 
  4. ^ a b Marie Korpe (2004). Shoot the Singer!. Zed Books. p. 41. ISBN 9781842775059. 
  5. ^ a b Bob Padula. "Radio Broadcasting in Myanmar". DXinfo. Retrieved 2008-12-24.