Mycena pura

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Mycena pura
Rettichhelmling002.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Mycenaceae
Genus: Mycena
Species:
M. pura
Binomial name
Mycena pura
Mycena pura
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
gills on hymenium
cap is conical
hymenium is adnate
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: unknown

Mycena pura, commonly known as the lilac bonnet,[1] is a species of mushroom in the family Mycenaceae. First called Agaricus prunus in 1794 by Christian Hendrik Persoon, it was assigned its current name in 1871 by German Paul Kummer.[2] Mycena pura is known to bioaccumulate the element boron.[3]

Description[edit]

The cap ranges from 1.5–5 cm (0.5–2 in). The stalk is 2–7 cm (0.79–2.76 in) tall and 3–7 mm wide. The spores are white.[4]

Similar species include Clitocybe nuda, Laccaria amethysteo-occidentalis, and Mycena purpureofusca.[4]

Bioactive compounds[edit]

Mycena pura contains the chemical puraquinonic acid, a sesquiterpene. This compound induces mammalian cells (specifically, the cell line HL60) to differentiate into granulocyte- or macrophage-like cells. The fungus also contains the mycotoxin muscarine, and the antifungal metabolite strobilurin D, the latter previously found in Cyphellopsis anomala.[5] Despite the presence of these toxins,[6] some guides list M. pura as edible.[7]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Recommended English Names for Fungi in the UK" (PDF). British Mycological Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-16.
  2. ^ Kummer P. (1871). Der Führer in die Pilzkunde. Zerbst. p. 107.
  3. ^ Vetter Y. (1995). "Boron content of edible mushrooms of Hungary". Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung. 201 (6): 524–27. doi:10.1007/BF01201576. PMID 8585328. S2CID 82014966.
  4. ^ a b Davis, R. Michael; Sommer, Robert; Menge, John A. (2012). Field Guide to Mushrooms of Western North America. Berkeley: University of California Press. pp. 181–182. ISBN 978-0-520-95360-4. OCLC 797915861.
  5. ^ Becker U, Erkel G, Anke T, Sterner O (1997). "Puraquinonic acid, a novel inducer of differentiation of human HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells from Mycena pura (Pers. Ex Fr.)". Natural Product Research. 9 (3): 229–36. doi:10.1080/10575639708048319.
  6. ^ Miller Jr., Orson K.; Miller, Hope H. (2006). North American Mushrooms: A Field Guide to Edible and Inedible Fungi. Guilford, CN: FalconGuide. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-7627-3109-1.
  7. ^ Phillips, Roger (2010) [2005]. Mushrooms and Other Fungi of North America. Buffalo, NY: Firefly Books. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-55407-651-2.