Mycena pura

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Mycena pura
Mycena pura 041111 Chambord 002.jpg
Scientific classification
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M. pura
Binomial name
Mycena pura
Mycena pura
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Mycological characteristics
gills on hymenium
cap is conical
hymenium is adnate
stipe is bare
spore print is white
ecology is saprotrophic
edibility: poisonous

Mycena pura, commonly known as the lilac bonnet,[1] is a species of mushroom in the family Mycenaceae. First called Agaricus prunus in 1794 by Christian Hendrik Persoon, it was assigned its current name in 1871 by German Paul Kummer.[2] Mycena pura is known to bioaccumulate the element boron.[3]

Bioactive compounds[edit]

Mycena pura contains the chemical puraquinonic acid, a sesquiterpene. This compound induces mammalian cells (specifically, the cell line HL60) to differentiate into granulocyte- or macrophage-like cells. The fungus also contains the antifungal metabolite strobilurin D, previously found in Cyphellopsis anomala.[4]

The mushroom also contain psilocybin (Allen et al., 1991).[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Recommended English Names for Fungi in the UK" (PDF). British Mycological Society. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-07-16.
  2. ^ Kummer P. (1871). Der Führer in die Pilzkunde. Zerbst. p. 107.
  3. ^ Vetter Y. (1995). "Boron content of edible mushrooms of Hungary". Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung. 201 (6): 524–27.
  4. ^ Becker U, Erkel G, Anke T, Sterner O., U.; Erkel, G.; Anke, T.; Sterner, O. (1997). "Puraquinonic acid, a novel inducer of differentiation of human HL-60 promyelocytic leukemia cells from Mycena pura (Pers. Ex Fr.)". Natural Product Research. 9 (3): 229–36. doi:10.1080/10575639708048319.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. ^ Gry, Christer Andersson, Jakob Kristinsson, Jørn (2009). Occurrence and use of hallucinogenic mushrooms containing psilocybin alkaloids ([1. oplag] ed.). Kbh.: Nordisk Ministerråd. ISBN 978-92-893-1836-5.