Mycenaceae

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Mycenaceae
Temporal range: Burdigalian–recent
Mycena galericulata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Basidiomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Mycenaceae
Overeem (1926)
Type genus
Mycena
(Pers.) Roussel (1806)
Genera

The Mycenaceae are a family of fungi in the order Agaricales. According to the Dictionary of the Fungi (10th edition, 2008), the family contains 10 genera and 705 species.[1] This is one of several families that were separated from the Tricholomataceae as a result of phylogenetic analyses. Taxa in the Mycenaceae are saprobic, have a cosmopolitan distribution, and are found in almost all ecological zones.[2]

The extinct genus Protomycena, described from Burdigalian age Dominican amber found on the island of Hispaniola[3] is one of four known agaric genera in the fossil record.[4]

Phylogeny[edit]




Roridomyces rorida



Cotobrusia calostomoides






Mycena leaiana



Mycena clavicularis




Mycena inclinata




Mycena insignis





Mycena viscidocruenta





Resinomycena acadiensis




Dictyopanus pusillus



Dictyopanus spp.





Panellus stipticus





Resinomycena rhododendri




cf. Poromycena





Favolaschia cinnabarina




Favolaschia calorcera



Favolaschia cf. sprucei








Poromycena sp.



Poromycena gracilis




Poromycena manipularis




Mycenoporella griseipora






Prunulus rutilantiformis



Prunulus pura




Mycena galericulata



Phylogeny of the Mycenaceae based on nuclear large ribosomal subunit gene sequences.[5]

A large-scale phylogenetic analysis study of the Agaricales published by a consortium of mycologists in 2002 adopted the name Mycenaceae for a strongly supported clade consisting of Dictyopanus, Favolaschia, Mycena, Mycenoporella, Prunulus, Panellus, Poromycena, and Resinomycena.[5] Dictyopanus has since been wrapped into Panellus,[6] and both Poromycena[7] and Prunulus into Mycena.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 446.
  2. ^ Cannon PF, Kirk PM. (2007). Fungal Families of the World. Wallingford, UK: CABI. pp. 225–26. ISBN 0-85199-827-5. 
  3. ^ Hibbett DS, Grimaldi DS, Donoghue MJ. (1997). "Fossil mushrooms from Miocene and Cretaceous ambers and the evolution of Homobasidiomycetes". American Journal of Botany 84 (8): 981–91. 
  4. ^ Hibbett DS, Binder M, Wang Z. (2003). "Another fossil agaric from Dominican amber". Mycologia 95 (4): 685–87. doi:10.2307/3761943. PMID 21148976. 
  5. ^ a b Moncalvo JM, Vilgalys R, Redhead SA, et al. (2002). "One hundred and seventeen clades of euagarics". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 23 (3): 357–400. doi:10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00027-1. PMID 12099793. 
  6. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 206.
  7. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 559.
  8. ^ Kirk et al. (2008), p. 565.

Cited text[edit]

  • Kirk PM, Cannon PF, Minter DW, Stalpers JA. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi (10th ed.). Wallingford, UK: CABI. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-85199-826-8.