Mycetopodidae

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Mycetopodidae
Anodontites trapesialis.jpg
Anodontites trapesialis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Subclass: Paleoheterodonta
Order: Unionoida
Family: Mycetopodidae
Gray, 1840
Diversity
4 subfamilies, 10 genera. See text.

The Mycetopodidae are a family of freshwater pearly mussels in the order Unionoida restricted to South America.[1][2] They are named for the mushroom-like shape of their foot. Like all members of the Unionoida they reproduce via a larval stage that temporarily parasitizes fish. Banarescu lists four subfamilies with ten genera in total.[2]

Classification[2][edit]

Four subfamilies are recognized.[2][3]

Anodontitinae[edit]

Mycetopodinae[edit]

Monocondylaeinae[edit]

Leilinae[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Huber, Markus (2010). Compendium of Bivalves. A Full-color Guide to 3'300 of the World's Marine Bivalves. A Status on Bivalvia after 250 Years of Research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. pp. 901 pp. + CD. ISBN 978-3-939767-28-2. 
  2. ^ a b c d Banarescu, Petru (1995). Zoogeography of Fresh Waters. Volume 3: Distribution and dispersal of freshwater animals in Africa, Pacific Areas and South America. Wiesbaden: AULA-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-89104-483-4. 
  3. ^ "Mycetopodidae Gray, 1840". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 14 March 2017.