Mycobacterium alvei

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Mycobacterium alvei
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Suborder: Corynebacterineae
Family: Mycobacteriaceae
Genus: Mycobacterium
Species: M. alvei
Binomial name
Mycobacterium alvei
Ausina et al. 1992, ATCC 51304

Mycobacterium alvei is a species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine content, one of the dominant phyla of all bacteria), belonging to the genus mycobacterium.

Description[edit]

Gram-positive, nonmotile and acid-fast rods (1-3 µm x 0.5-0.7 µm).

Colony characteristics

  • Colonies are eugonic, rough and nonpigmented.

Physiology

Differential characteristics

  • Differentiation from all other mycobacterial species by its unusual mycolate pattern.

Pathogenesis[edit]

Type strain[edit]

First isolated from water samples, from soil and human sputum samples in Spain. Strain CR-21 = ATCC 51304 = CIP 103464 = DSM 44176 = JCM 12272.

References[edit]

  • Ausina et al. 1992. Mycobacterium alvei sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1992, 42, 529-535.