Mycobacterium arosiense

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Mycobacterium arosiense is a newly described species of Mycobacterium. It is a scotochromogen that derives its name from Arosia, the Latin name for the city of Aarhus (Denmark), where the strain was first isolated.[1]

It can be misidentified as Mycobacterium intracellulare by the commercial mycobacterium assay system, GenoType ® (Hein, Nehren, Germany).[2]

It can cause osteomyelitis [1] and lung disease.[2]


  1. ^ a b Bang, D.; Herlin, T.; Stegger, M.; Andersen, A.; Torkko, P.; Tortoli, E.; Thomsen, V. (Oct 2008). "Mycobacterium arosiense sp. Nov., a slowly growing, scotochromogenic species causing osteomyelitis in an immunocompromised child". International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology. 58 (Pt 10): 2398–2402. doi:10.1099/ijs.0.65503-0. ISSN 1466-5026. PMID 18842863. 
  2. ^ a b Tortoli, E.; Adriani, B.; Baruzzo, S.; Degl'Innocenti, R.; Galanti, I.; Lauria, S.; Mariottini, A.; Pascarella, M. (Jun 2009). "Pulmonary disease due to Mycobacterium arosiense, an easily misidentified pathogenic novel mycobacterium". Journal of clinical microbiology. 47 (6): 1947–1949. doi:10.1128/JCM.02449-08. ISSN 0095-1137. PMC 2691113free to read. PMID 19386835. 

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