Mycobacterium chelonae

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Mycobacterium chelonae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Suborder: Corynebacterineae
Family: Mycobacteriaceae
Genus: Mycobacterium
Species: M. chelonae
Binomial name
Mycobacterium chelonae
Bergey et al. 1923, ATCC 35752

Mycobacterium chelonae is a species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine content, one of the dominant phyla of all bacteria), belonging to the genus mycobacterium. Mycobacterium chelonae is a rapidly growing mycobacterium, that is found all throughout the environment including sewage and tap water. It can occasionally cause opportunistic infections of humans.

Mycobacterium chelonae abscesses associated with biomesotherapy, an alternative therapy practice. (The abscesses are at the biomesotherapy injection site).

It is grouped in Runyon group IV.[1]

Type strain: strain CM 6388 = ATCC 35752 = CCUG 47445 = CIP 104535 = DSM 43804 = JCM 6388 = NCTC 946.

The complete genome sequence of M. chelonae CCUG 47445 type strain was deposited and published in DNA Data Bank of Japan, European Nucleotide Archive and GenBank in 2016 under the accession number CP007220.[2]


On average, 2 cases of nonpulmonary M. chelonae infection are reported in South Australia each year.[3]


  1. ^ Mycobacterium Chelonae at eMedicine
  2. ^ Jaén-Luchoro, Daniel; Salvà-Serra, Francisco; Aliaga-Lozano, Francisco; Seguí, Carolina; Busquets, Antonio; Ramírez, Antonio; Ruíz, Mikel; Gomila, Margarita; Lalucat, Jorge (2016-06-30). "Complete Genome Sequence of Mycobacterium chelonae Type Strain CCUG 47445, a Rapidly Growing Species of Nontuberculous Mycobacteria". Genome Announcements. 4 (3): e00550–16. doi:10.1128/genomeA.00550-16. ISSN 2169-8287. PMC 4901242Freely accessible. PMID 27284158. 
  3. ^ Ivan, Mihaela; Dancer, Craig; Koehler, Ann P.; Hobby, Michaela; Lease, Chris (2013). "Mycobacterium chelonae Abscesses Associated with Biomesotherapy, Australia, 2008". Emerging Infectious Diseases. 19 (9). doi:10.3201/eid1909.120898. PMC 3810901Freely accessible. PMID 23968779. 

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