Mycobacterium chimaera

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Mycobacterium chimaera
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Suborder: Corynebacterineae
Family: Mycobacteriaceae
Genus: Mycobacterium
Species: M. chimaera
Binomial name
Mycobacterium chimaera
Tortoli et al. 2004, CCUG 50989

Mycobacterium chimaera is a species of the phylum actinobacteria (Gram-positive bacteria with high guanine and cytosine content, one of the dominant phyla of all bacteria), belonging to the genus mycobacterium.

Type strain: strain FI-01069 = CCUG 50989 = CIP 107892 = DSM 44623.
Etymology: L. fem. n. chimaera, the chimaera, the mythological being made up of parts of three different animals, referring to the apparent mix of genetic features characterizing the strains.


  • TORTOLI (E.), RINDI (L.), GARCIA (M.J.), CHIARADONNA (P.), DEI (R.), GARZELLI (C.), KROPPENSTEDT (R.M.), LARI (N.), MATTEI (R.), MARIOTTINI (A.), MAZZARELLI (G.), MURCIA (M.I.), NANETTI (A.), PICCOLI (P.) and SCARPARO (C.): Proposal to elevate the genetic variant MAC-A, included in the Mycobacterium avium complex, to species rank as Mycobacterium chimaera sp. nov. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2004, 54, 1277-1285. PMID 15280303