Mycobacterium phlei

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Mycobacterium phlei
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Actinobacteria
Order: Actinomycetales
Family: Mycobacteriaceae
Genus: Mycobacterium
Species: M. phlei
Binomial name
Mycobacterium phlei
Lehmann & Neumann 1899

Mycobacterium phlei is an acid-fast bacteria of the genus Mycobacterium.[1]

Of the genus Mycobacterium, M. phlei, is characterized as one of the fast-growing mycobacteria.

M. phlei has only occasionally been isolated in human infections, and patients infected with M. phlei generally respond well to anti-mycobacterial therapy.

M. phlei, has an unusually high GC-content of 73%.

Description[edit]

M. phlei is a rod-shaped bacterium 1.0 to 2.0 micrometers in length.[2] If grown on an agar plate, M. phlei colonies appear orange to yellow in color, and predominantly dense with smooth edges, although some smaller filamentous colonies have also been described.[2] Like other Mycobacteria, M. phlei retains the acid-fast stain. M. phlei can grow at temperatures ranging from 28°C to 52°C.[2]

History[edit]

M. phlei was first identified as the "Timothy Bacillus" or "Grass Bacillus I" by the German microbiologist Alfred Moëller in 1898.[2] The following year, the bacterium was given its current name by Karl Bernhard Lehmann and Rudolf Otto Neumann.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vance, DE; Mitsuhashi, O; Bloch, K (April 1973). "Purification and properties of the fatty acid synthetase from Mycobacterium phlei". J. Biol. Chem. 248 (7): 2303–9. PMID 4698221. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Gordon RE, Smith MM (1953). "Rapdily Growing, Acid Fast Bacteria I". Journal of Bacteriology. 66 (1): 41–8. PMC 357089Freely accessible. 

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