Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

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The Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex (MTC or MTBC) is a genetically related group of Mycobacterium species that can cause tuberculosis in humans or other living things

It includes:

In addition, two branches exist which have phylogenetic similarities but are not completely described: the dassie and oryx bacilli. Oryx bacilli has been recently reclassified into a separate subspecies, orygis. [3]


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  2. ^ Vasconcellos SE, Huard RC, Niemann S, et al. (2010). "Distinct genotypic profiles of the two major clades of Mycobacterium africanum". BMC Infect. Dis. 10: 80. PMC 2859774Freely accessible. PMID 20350321. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-80. 
  3. ^ van Ingen J, Rahim Z, Mulder A, Boeree MJ, Simeone R, Brosch R, et al. (Apr 2012). "Characterization of Mycobacterium orygis as M. tuberculosis complex subspecies.". Emerg Infect Dis. 18 (4): 653–5. PMC 3309669Freely accessible. PMID 22469053. doi:10.3201/eid1804.110888.