Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex refers to a genetically related group of Mycobacterium species that can cause tuberculosis in humans or other organisms.

It includes:

In addition, two branches exist which have phylogenetic similarities but are not completely described: the dassie and oryx bacilli.[2]


  1. ^ Vasconcellos SE, Huard RC, Niemann S, et al. (2010). "Distinct genotypic profiles of the two major clades of Mycobacterium africanum". BMC Infect. Dis. 10: 80. doi:10.1186/1471-2334-10-80. PMC 2859774. PMID 20350321. 
  2. ^ van Ingen J, Rahim Z, Mulder A, Boeree MJ, Simeone R, Brosch R, et al. (Apr 2012). "Characterization of Mycobacterium orygis as M. tuberculosis complex subspecies.". Emerg Infect Dis 18 (4): 653–5. doi:10.3201/eid1804.110888. PMID 22469053.