Zlochevsky as Minister of Ecology of Ukraine
|12th Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources|
2 July 2010 – 20 April 2012
|Prime Minister||Mykola Azarov|
|Preceded by||Viktor Boiko|
|Succeeded by||Eduard Stavytsky|
|Deputy Secretary for Economic and Social Security on the National Security and Defense Council|
20 April 2012 – 26 February 2014
Микола Владиславович Злочевський
14 June 1966
Kyiv, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Education||International University of Business and Law in Kherson – Accounting and Auditing|
Odessa Law Academy – Law Faculty
|Known for||Burisma Holdings|
Mykola Vladislavovich Zlochevsky (Ukrainian: Микола Владиславович Злочевський; born 14 June 1966 in Kyiv) is a Ukrainian oil and natural gas businessman, politician and a Ukrainian oligarch. Zlochevsky was Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources from July 2010 until April 2012 and was the deputy secretary for Economic and Social Security on the National Security and Defense Council from April 2012 until February 2014 when Euromaidan occurred.
In 2002, he co-founded the largest independent oil and natural gas company Burisma Holdings with Ukrainian businessman Mykola Lisin. Through his sole ownership of Cyprus-registered Burisma Holdings, he owns the Ukrainian gas and oil producers Aldea, Pari, Esko-Pivnich, and the First Ukrainian Petroleum Company and the investment group Brociti Investments.
Zlochevsky served as Ecology and Natural Resources Minister during most of the first cabinet of Mykola Azarov, and during both the later part of Azarov's first government and all of Azarov's second government, he served as deputy secretary on National Security and Defense Council (NSDC) of the President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych.
Investigations into Burisma and Zlochevsky
In 2012, Viktor Pshonka,[a] the Ukrainian prosecutor general, began investigating Burisma Holdings owner, Zlochevsky, over allegations of money laundering, tax evasion, and corruption during 2010–2012.
In April 2014, the Serious Fraud Office froze approximately $23 million belonging to companies controlled by Zlochevsky. At the end of 2014, Zlochevsky fled Ukraine amid allegations of unlawful self enrichment and legalization of funds (Article 368-2, Criminal Code of Ukraine) during his tenure in public office. In January 2015, Prosecutor General Vitaly Yarema announced that Zlochevsky had been put on the wanted list for alleged financial corruption. At the end of January 2015, the Central Criminal Court in London released the $23 million that were blocked on accounts of Zlochevsky due to inadequate evidence. In June 2018, the Serious Fraud Office stated that the case was closed.
On 18 April 2018, an alleged recording of part of a conversation between President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko and fugitive Ukrainian lawmaker Oleksandr Onyshchenko was released by Onyshchenko which implicated Zlochevsky in graft.
On 15 June 2018, after the Solomyansky District Court in Kyiv had annulled the ruling of the Specialized Anti-Corruption Prosecutor’s Office (SAP) to close a criminal proceeding against him in 2017, Zlochevsky was accused of having illegally issued, while he was Ecology Minister in 2010–2012, oil and gas licenses to the companies that belonged to him.
According to Ukrainian authorities Zlochevsky is suspected of "theft of government funds on an especially large scale". Authorities said the criminal investigation on suspicion of embezzlement is currently on hold because Zlochevsky's whereabouts cannot presently be determined. As of 2019, Zlochevsky is reported to live in Monaco. According to an investigation by Al Jazeera he bought Cypriot citizenship somewhere between 2017 and 2019.
- After the fall of Viktor Yanukovych's government in February 2014, Pshonka, a Russian citizen with an arrest warrant issued for him, fled from Ukraine to Russia and was last publicly seen on 13 April 2014 at Rostov-on-Don in Russia. The Pshonka gold jewelry businesses, formerly located in Kramatorsk, Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine, moved to Sebastopol in Russian annexed Crimea in the fall 2014. Russia has illegally occupied Crimea since the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February 2014.
- "Search for gas and oil is key task of Ecology Ministry, says PM". Interfax-Ukraine. 23 April 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "Azarov orders new minister to develop environmental protection strategy". Interfax-Ukraine. 3 May 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "VIP-клієнти Миколи Злочевського (розслідування)". Radio Svoboda (in Ukrainian). 2 February 2017. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- Risen, James. "Joe Biden, His Son and the Case Against a Ukrainian Oligarch". New York Times. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
- "Factbox: Burisma, the obscure Ukrainian gas company at the heart of U.S. political row". Reuters. 24 September 2019.
- "Burisma Holdings". PEP.ua.org. Retrieved 19 September 2018.
- Kupfer, Mark (13 April 2018). "11 people control much of Ukraine's oil and gas sector". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "11 politically exposed persons own a quarter of all permits for extraction of oil and gas in Ukraine –Report: Who Owns the Oil and Gas Fields of Ukraine?". Anticorruption Action Centre. 13 April 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "Zlochevsky's Brociti Investments formalizing control over two oil and gas companies". Interfax-Ukraine. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "Пшонка та його син мають громадянство Росії" [Pshonka and his son have Russian citizenship]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 13 June 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "Ukraine: Speaker Oleksandr Turchynov named interim president". BBC News. 23 February 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Тарасовська, Наталя (Tarasovska, Natalya) (5 November 2016). "З дачі Пшонки зникли мармурові леви - журналіст" [From Pshonka mansion disappears the marble lions - journalist]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- "Родина Пшонки перевезла ювелірний бізнес до Криму – "Схеми"" [Pshonka's family transports jewelry business to Crimea - Schemes]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 4 November 2016. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Чорновалов, Олександр (Chornalov, Alexander) (4 November 2016). "Золото Пшонки (розслідування)" [Wheat gold (investigation)]. Radio Svoboda (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Vogel, Kenneth P. (22 September 2019). "Trump, Biden and Ukraine: Sorting Out the Accusations". The New York Times. Archived from the original on 23 September 2019. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
- Ivanova, Polina; Polityuk, Pavel (27 September 2019). "Ukraine agency says allegations against Burisma cover period before Biden joined". Kyiv. Reuters. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
- Kozyreva, Tanya; Leopold, Jason (12 July 2018). "Here's How Ukraine's Ousted Government Got Away With $40 Billion: US investigators delivered troves of documents about Viktor Yanukovych, Paul Manafort, and "The Family." Why isn't Ukraine taking action?". BuzzFeed News. Retrieved 12 March 2020.
- Bullough, Oliver (12 April 2017). "The money machine: how a high-profile corruption investigation fell apart". The Guardian. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- Liliya Hryshko. Lifehack from Zlochevsky, how to return to Ukraine (Лайфхак від Злочевського – як повернутись в Україну). Deutsche Welle. 7 February 2017.
- Timtchenko, Ilya (8 January 2015). "Prosecutors put Zlochevsky, multimillionaire ex-ecology minister, on wanted list". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "Ukraine money laundering investigation" (Press release). Serious Fraud Office. 29 January 2015.
- "Burisma: all cases against group and group's president Zlochevsky in Ukraine closed". Interfax-Ukraine. 1 December 2017.
- "Media: Ex-Minister of Ecology from the Yanukovych administration returned to Ukraine". UA Wire. 3 February 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- Sukhov, Oleg (20 April 2018). "Onyshchenko releases alleged recording implicating Poroshenko, Zlochevsky in graft". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- "Ukraine's presidential administration calls Onyshchenko recordings about Zlochevsky fake". Interfax-Ukraine. 19 April 2018. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- Romanyshyn, Yuliana (16 June 2018). "Court reinstates case against Mykola Zlochevsky". Kyiv Post. Retrieved 18 September 2018.
- Golding, Bruce (2019-11-23). "Impeachment inquiry may be complicating Ukraine's Burisma probe". New York Post. Archived from the original on 2019-12-06. Retrieved 2019-12-06.
- Zhegulev, Ilya (2019-11-20). "Ukraine widens probe against Burisma founder to embezzlement of state funds". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2019-11-20. Retrieved 2019-11-20.
- Roman Olearchyk; Max Seddon (29 September 2019). "Ukraine gas company feels heat of US impeachment probe". Financial Times. Retrieved 6 October 2019.
- "Кіпр продавав громадянство корупціонерам, у списку є впливові українці – розслідування" [Cyprus sold citizenship to corrupt officials, and the list includes influential Ukrainians under investigation]. Ukrayinska Pravda (in Ukrainian). 23 August 2020. Retrieved 23 August 2020.