|• Governor||Vitaliy Kim|
|• Oblast council||64 seats|
|• Chairperson||Victoria Moskalenko (Petro Poroshenko Bloc)|
|• Oblast||24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)|
|• Rank||Ranked 14th|
|• Rank||Ranked 18th|
|• Density||44/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|Gross Regional Product|
|• Total||₴ 124 billion|
|• Per capita||₴ 112,864|
|Time zone||UTC+2 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+3 (EEST)|
|ISO 3166 code||UA-48|
|• Regional cities||5|
Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Миколаївська область, romanized: Mykolaivska oblast, IPA: [mɪkoˈlɑjiu̯sʲkɐ ˈɔblɐsʲtʲ]), also referred to as Mykolaivshchyna (Ukrainian: Миколаївщина, IPA: [mɪkoˈlɑjiu̯ʃtʃɪnɐ]), is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolaiv. At the most recent estimate, the population of the oblast stood at 1,091,821 (2022 estimate).
This section appears to be slanted towards recent events. (January 2023)
During the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine, the Russian army invaded the province from Kherson Oblast, attacking as far northwest as Voznesensk. They were repulsed at Voznesensk, and their attempt to take Mykolaiv failed. From April 2022, almost all of the province was under Ukrainian control, apart from the extreme south-east and the Kinburn peninsula. When Russia annexed Kherson Oblast in September 2022, it incorporated the occupied areas of Mykolaiv Oblast. A Ukrainian military official announced a Russian withdrawal from Mykolaiv Oblast on 10 November 2022.
On 4–5 July 2022 during an international Ukraine Recovery Conference (URC 2022) in Lugano, Switzerland pledged to support the rebuilding of Mykolaiv region.
Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²) comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.
In regards to relief, Mykolaiv Oblast is a plain that gently slopes in southern direction. Bigger portion of the territory lays within Black Sea Lowland. To the north there are spurs of Podolian and Dnieper uplands. Among major valuable deposits and minerals there are nickel, uranium ores, granite, gneiss, quartzites.
The climate is moderately continental with a mild winter of small snow amount and hot arid summer.
In the territory of the region are eighty-five rivers that belong to basin of the Black Sea. Among main rivers there are the Southern Bug (Boh) which splits the oblast into eastern and western parts, Inhulets, and Berezan.
Points of interest
- Olbia, an ancient ruins of Greek colony near Ochakiv
- Black Sea Biosphere Reserve, located near Kinburn peninsula
- Granite-steppe lands of Buh, a landscape park located up north towards Podolia
- Inhul River Park, a landscape park in eastern part of the region
- Tylihul landscape park, on the administrative border with Odesa Oblast
- Dykyi Sad archaeological site (Wild Garden) in the city of Mykolaiv
The estimated population was 1.2 million people in 2005. The greater part of the oblast's population resided in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resided in Mykolaiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolaiv Oblast.
As of 2021, the total population of the oblast was estimated at 1,108,394 inhabitants, with 761,278 (68.7%) residing in urban areas and the remaining 347,116 (31.3%) living in rural areas. The city of Mykolaiv, home to 341,123 residents, constituted 68.8% of the urban population of Mykolaiv Oblast.
The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 45 inhabitants per square kilometre (120/sq mi). Mykolaiv Oblast contains 2.7% of the population of Ukraine, by percentage share ranking 19th among Ukrainian oblasts and territories.
- 0-14 years: 14.7% (male 88,668/female 83,434)
- 15-64 years: 70.7% (male 396,342/female 432,808)
- 65 years and over: 14.6% (male 56,527/female 114,987) (2013 official)
- total: 39.7 years
- male: 36.3 years
- female: 42.9 years (2013 official)
Ethnicity, language and citizenship
The oblast has a multi-ethnic composition; people of more than 100 ethnicities (national groups) live in the oblast. The most common language in the oblast is Ukrainian; the second most common language is Russian. In the city of Mykolaiv the most common language is Russian.
At the time of the 2001 census, the oblast had 1,269,900 permanent residents. Of these:
- 1,251,100 (99.1%) had Ukrainian citizenship.
- 6,400 had citizenship of CIS countries.
- 10,200 had citizenship of other countries.
- 4,200 were without citizenship.
- 1,000 who did not specify their citizenship.
|Permanent residents 2001||Mother Tongue 2001 ||Permanent residents 1989||Mother Tongue 1989 |
|Number ||% ||Ukrainian||Russian||% ||Ukrainian||Russian|
|All ethnicities ||1,269,900||100.0%||69.2%||29.3%||100.0%||64.2%||33.8%|
Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. it is subdivided into various areas, mostly raions. The subdivisions changed in 2020.
Administrative divisions (18 July 2020 to present)
- Bashtanka (Баштанський район), the center is in the town of Bashtanka;
- Mykolaiv (Миколаївський район), the center is in the city of Mykolaiv;
- Pervomaisk (Первомайський район), the center is in the town of Pervomaisk;
- Voznesensk (Вознесенський район), the center is in the town of Voznesensk.
Administrative divisions (to 17 July 2020)
Before July 2020, Mykolaiv Oblast was subdivided into 24 regions: 19 raions (administrative districts) and 5 city municipalities (mis'krada or misto), officially known as territories governed by city councils which are directly subordinate to the oblast government.
|Admin.center||Urban Population Only|
|Mykolaiv||Миколаїв (місто)||260||493,860||Mykolaiv (city)||493,860|
|Pervomaisk||Первомайськ (місто)||25||66,677||Pervomaisk (city)||66,677|
|Voznesensk||Вознесенськ (місто)||23||35,520||Voznesensk (city)||35,520|
|Yuzhnoukrainsk||Южноукраїнськ (місто)||24||40,353||Yuzhnoukrainsk (city)||40,353|
|Arbuzynka Raion||Арбузинський (район)||969||20,198||Arbuzynka||8,543|
|Bashtanka Raion||Баштанський (район)||1,706||37,721||Bashtanka||12,640|
|Berezanka Raion||Березанський (район)||1,378||23,409||Berezanka||4,120|
|Bereznehuvate Raion||Березнегуватський (район)||1,264||20,387||Bereznehuvate||7,742|
|Bratske Raion||Братський (район)||1,129||18,037||Bratske||5,325|
|Domanivka Raion||Доманівський (район)||1,458||25,500||Domanivka||6,137|
|Kazanka Raion||Казанківський (район)||1,349||19,745||Kazanka||7,207|
|Kryve Ozero Raion||Кривоозерський (район)||814||24,905||Kryve Ozero||7,823|
|Mykolaiv Raion||Миколаївський (район)||1,430||30,448||Mykolaiv (city)||N/A *|
|Novyi Buh Raion||Новобузький (район)||1,243||31,199||Novyi Buh||15,566|
|Nova Odesa Raion||Новоодеський (район)||1,428||33,602||Nova Odesa||12,108|
|Ochakiv Raion||Очаківський (район)||1,500||29,949||Ochakiv||14,489|
|Pervomaisk Raion||Первомайський (район)||1,319||30,275||Pervomaisk (city)||N/A *|
|Snihurivka Raion||Снігурівський (район)||1,350||40,420||Snihurivka||12,870|
|Veselynove Raion||Веселинівський (район)||1,245||23,161||Veselynove||8,060|
|Vitovka Raion||Вітовській (район)||1,460||50,565||Mykolaiv (city)||N/A *|
|Voznesensk Raion||Вознесенський (район)||1,392||30,562||Voznesensk (city)||N/A *|
|Vradiivka Raion||Врадіївський (район)||801||17,611||Vradiivka||8,391|
|Yelanets Raion||Єланецький (район)||1,018||15,530||Yelanets||4,912|
|Total Oblast||Миколаївська (Область)||24,585||1,159,634||791,227|
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that it is named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.
At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:
- Settlements — 922, including:
- Selsovets — 287.
The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.
Infrastructure and economy
- Along the coast, there are several ports and the Mykolaiv International Airport.
- The region's railway network and infrastructure is part of the Odesa Railways.
- Through the region passes European route E58 and European route E95.
- The city of Mykolaiv is known for several of its shipyards that existed since the 19th century.
- South Ukraine Nuclear Power Plant
- Agrarian company Nibulon
- Mykolaiv Observatory
During the 1991 referendum, 89.45% of votes in Mykolaiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kiev International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 95.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.
- Syvak, Nina; Ponomarenko, Valerii; Khodzinska, Olha; Lakeichuk, Iryna (2011). Veklych, Lesia (ed.). Toponymic Guidelines for Map and Other Editors for International Use (PDF). scientific consultant Iryna Rudenko; reviewed by Nataliia Kizilowa; translated by Olha Khodzinska. Kyiv: DerzhHeoKadastr and Kartographia. p. 20. ISBN 978-966-475-839-7. Retrieved 2020-10-06.
- Zelensky appoints new head of Mykolaiv Regional State Administration, Ukrinform (26 November 2020)
- "Главой Николаевского облсовета избрали креатуру Мерикова - Викторию Москаленко".
- Чисельність наявного населення України на 1 січня 2022 [Number of Present Population of Ukraine, as of January 1, 2022] (PDF) (in Ukrainian and English). Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 July 2022.
- "Валовии регіональнии продукт".
- Ukraine war: Kyiv claims major gains as Russia exits Kherson, BBC News
- "Rebuilding Ukraine will cost $750 billion". www.brusselstimes.com. The Brussels Times. Retrieved 2022-07-11.
- Vermenych, Ya. Mykolaiv Oblast (МИКОЛАЇВСЬКА ОБЛАСТЬ). Encyclopedia of History of Ukraine. 2009
- National composition of population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
- Linguistic composition of the population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
- In a survey in 2017, 63% of the population of the city of Mykolaiv spoke Russian at home, 7% Ukrainian, and 28% spoke both Ukrainian and Russian equally.
"Public Opinion Survey of Residents of Ukraine June 9 – July 7, 2017" (PDF). iri.org. August 2017. p. 89. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 August 2017.
- Permanent population. About number and composition population of Mykolaiv Region by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001, State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, 2003–2004
- "Про утворення та ліквідацію районів. Постанова Верховної Ради України № 807-ІХ". Голос України (in Ukrainian). 2020-07-18. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
- "Нові райони: карти + склад" (in Ukrainian). Міністерство розвитку громад та територій України.
- "Чисельність наявного населення України (Actual population of Ukraine)" (PDF) (in Ukrainian). State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 June 2020. Retrieved 2 September 2020.
- "Population Quantity". UkrStat (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 7 January 2016.
- Лише 3% українців хочуть приєднання їх області до Росії [Only 3% of Ukrainians want their region to become part of Russia]. Dzerkalo Tyzhnia (in Ukrainian). 3 January 2015.