Mykolaiv Oblast

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Mykolaiv Oblast
Миколаївська область
Mykolayivs’ka oblast’
Oblast
Flag of Mykolaiv Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Mykolaiv Oblast
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Миколаївщина (Mykolayivschyna)
Mykolaiv in Ukraine.svg
Coordinates: 47°26′N 31°48′E / 47.43°N 31.8°E / 47.43; 31.8Coordinates: 47°26′N 31°48′E / 47.43°N 31.8°E / 47.43; 31.8
Country  Ukraine
Administrative center Mykolaiv
Government
 • Oblast council 90[1] seats
 • Chairperson Victoria Moskalenko[2] (Petro Poroshenko Bloc[3])
Area
 • Total 24,598 km2 (9,497 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 14th
Population (2015)
 • Total Decrease 1,164,342[4]
 • Rank Ranked 18th
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 54000-56999
Area code +380-51
ISO 3166 code UA-48
Raions 19
Cities (total)
— Regional cities
10
5
Urban-type settlements 17
Villages 820
FIPS 10-4 UP16
Website www.mykolayiv-oda.gov.ua
www.kmu.gov.ua

Mykolaiv Oblast (Ukrainian: Миколаївська область, Mykolajivśka oblasť'; also referred to as Mykolayivschyna - Ukrainian: Миколаївщина) is an oblast (province) of Ukraine. The administrative center of the oblast is the city of Mykolaiv. Population: 1,164,342 (2015 est.)[4]

Geography[edit]

The Mykolaiv Oblast is located in the southern half of Ukraine. Its area (24,600 km²), comprises about 4.07% of the total area of Ukraine.

The Mykolaiv Oblast borders upon the Odessa Oblast in the west-southwest, the Kirovohrad Oblast in the north, the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in the northeast, and the Kherson Oblast on the southeast.

To the south the oblast is also bordered by the Black Sea. Along the coast there are several ports and the Mykolaiv International Airport.

Points of interest[edit]

The following historic-cultural sites were nominated for the Seven Wonders of Ukraine or Seven Natural Wonders of Ukraine.

Demographics[edit]

The current estimated population is 1.2 million people (as of 2005). The greater part of the oblast's population resides in urban type settlements (66%), with the remainder residing in agricultural areas. Also, almost 60% of the urban population resides in Mykolayiv, the industrial, cultural and administrative center of Mykolayiv Oblast.

The oblast's population density is one of the lowest in Ukraine – 52 people per 1 km². The oblast' is ranked 18 by the percentage of the population of Ukraine, that the Mykolaiv Oblast contain, which os 2.6%.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 14.7% Increase (male 88,668/female 83,434)
15-64 years: 70.7% Decrease (male 396,342/female 432,808)
65 years and over: 14.6% Steady (male 56,527/female 114,987) (2013 official)

Median age[edit]

total: 39.7 years Increase
male: 36.3 years Increase
female: 42.9 years Increase (2013 official)

Administrative divisions[edit]

Mykolaiv Oblast formed in September 1937. It is subdivided into 19 raions (administrative districts), and 4 municipalities (misto) which are directly subordinate to the oblast government.

Name Ukrainian Name Area
(km2)
Population
census 2015[5]
Admin.center Urban Population Only
Mykolaiv Миколаїв (місто) 260 493,860 Mykolaiv (city) 493,860
Pervomaisk Первомайськ (місто) 25 66,677 Pervomaisk (city) 66,677
Voznesensk Вознесенськ (місто) 23 35,520 Voznesensk (city) 35,520
Yuzhnoukrainsk Южноукраїнськ (місто) 24 40,353 Yuzhnoukrainsk (city) 40,353
Arbuzynka Raion Арбузинський (район) 969 20,198 Arbuzynka 8,543
Bashtanka Raion Баштанський (район) 1,706 37,721 Bashtanka 12,640
Berezanka Raion Березанський (район) 1,378 23,409 Berezanka 4,120
Bereznehuvate Raion Березнегуватський (район) 1,264 20,387 Bereznehuvate 7,742
Bratske Raion Братський (район) 1,129 18,037 Bratske 5,325
Domanivka Raion Доманівський (район) 1,458 25,500 Domanivka 6,137
Kazanka Raion Казанківський (район) 1,349 19,745 Kazanka 7,207
Kryve Ozero Raion Кривоозерський (район) 814 24,905 Kryve Ozero 7,823
Mykolaiv Raion Миколаївський (район) 1,430 30,448 Mykolaiv (city) N/A *
Novyi Buh Raion Новобузький (район) 1,243 31,199 Novyi Buh 15,566
Nova Odesa Raion Новоодеський (район) 1,428 33,602 Nova Odesa 12,108
Ochakiv Raion Очаківський (район) 1,500 29,949 Ochakiv 14,489
Pervomaisk Raion Первомайський (район) 1,319 30,275 Pervomaisk (city) N/A *
Snihurivka Raion Снігурівський (район) 1,350 40,420 Snihurivka 12,870
Veselynove Raion Веселинівський (район) 1,245 23,161 Veselynove 8,060
Vitovka Raion Вітовській (район) 1,460 50,565 Mykolaiv (city) N/A *
Voznesensk Raion Вознесенський (район) 1,392 30,562 Voznesensk (city) N/A *
Vradiivka Raion Врадіївський (район) 801 17,611 Vradiivka 8,391
Yelanets Raion Єланецький (район) 1,018 15,530 Yelanets 4,912
Total Oblast Миколаївська (Область) 24,585 1,159,634 791,227
Note: Asterisks (*) Though the administrative center of the rayon is housed in the city/town that its named after, cities do not answer to the rayon authorities only towns do; instead they are directly subordinated to the oblast government and therefore are not counted as part of rayon statistics.

At a lower level of administration, these district-level administrations are subdivided into:

  • Settlements — 922, including:
    • Villages — 896;
    • Cities/Towns — 21, including:
      • Cities of raion subordinance — 4 (Bashtanka, Novyi Buh, Nova Odesa and Snihurivka);
      • Urban-type settlement — 17;
  • Selsovets — 287.

The local administration of the oblast is controlled by the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada. The governor of the oblast is the Mykolaiv Oblast Rada speaker, appointed by the President of Ukraine.

Public opinion[edit]

During the 1991 referendum, 89.45% of votes in Mykolaiv Oblast were in favor of the Declaration of Independence of Ukraine. A survey conducted in December 2014 by the Kyiv International Institute of Sociology found 2.1% of the oblast's population supported their region joining Russia, 95.5% did not support the idea, and the rest were undecided or did not respond.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]