Myoma Nyein

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Myoma Nyein
Native name ငြိမ်း၊ မြို့မ
Born Kyaw Nyein
25 January 1909
Mandalay, British Burma
Died 15 September 1955 (1955-09-16) (aged 46)
Nationality Burmese
Occupation Musician, Composer
Spouse(s) Than May (1928-1955)
Children Tin Kyi
Shun Myaing, Than Aung Khaing
Parent(s) Nyi
Chit Oo

Myoma Nyein (ငြိမ်း၊ မြို့မ; born Kyaw Nyein, 25 January 1909 – 15 September 1955) was a renowned Burmese musician and composer. At the age of ten, he learnt a Burmese classic titled Jambu Kyun Lone (Universal) from Deva Einda Maung Maung Gyi in a single day much to the surprise of the famous harpist. In 1925 he co-founded the Myoma (meaning City Proper) music band or Myoma Amateur Music Association with his teacher artist and musician U Ba Thet and a city burgher Dahdan U Thant.[1][2]

Early life and education[edit]

Nyein was born on 25 January 1909 in Mandalay, British Burma, son of U Nyi, a goldsmith, and mother Daw Chit Oo, a lacquerware merchant. He was educated at Central National School, Mandalay.


Myoma Nyein's greatest love song was Chit Da Phadana (Love is Fundamental), the gramophone recording made circa 1935-38.[3]

One of his earlier songs written in 1939 was Eindawya Paya Zay in support of Mandalay's central Zegyo Market shopkeepers' all out strike against Section 23(7) enacted by the British colonial government when they relocated to the Eindawya Pagoda precincts.[4]

During the Second World War, the music troupe along with the townspeople of Mandalay fled to Sagaing Hills across the Ayeyarwady River, and Myoma Nyein came up with the song Sagaing Taung (Sagaing Hills) among others.[5]

After the war in 1945, when Mandalay held a major sporting event, Myoma Nyein wrote for the occasion songs titled Olympics and Yin Dago Me (Beauty Contest).[1] His song for the 1947 Burmese New Year Thingyan Shwe Man Taung Yeikkho aka Mya Nandar (In the Shade of Mandalay Hill) has become a perennial classic during the festive season.[1][6] In 1952 he wrote Lu Chun Lu Gaung (Good and Able) in honour of Prime Minister U Nu's Pyidawtha (Welfare state) Conference in Rangoon. The following year he composed Gaba Nyeinchan Yay (World Peace). He started collaborating with Mandalay Motion Picture Company the next year.[1]


In 1928 Myoma Nyein married Than May, a school teacher from Meiktila.[1] His oldest daughter Tin Kyi was married to the artist Paw Oo Thet.[7] His oldest son Shoon Myaing has carried on with the band which celebrated its 80th anniversary in 2005.[8]

Sayar Nyein at times must have been pretty deep in his cerative works that, it seemed on hindsight, he unwittingly neglected the needs of his family, even when he was beyond all doubt, an able person.


It was believed that Myoma Nyein committed suicide in 1955, aged 46, by walking in front of a lorry.[1] He remains an inspiration for the generations that followed in the Burmese music scene.[9]



  1. ^ a b c d e f "Myoma Nyein Centenary (1909-2009)". Myanmar Political News, Art and Idea. Retrieved 2011-12-11. 
  2. ^ "Memorial to famous composer". New Light of Myanmar. 15 March 2010. Archived from the original on 4 November 2012. Retrieved 2011-12-11. 
  3. ^ "A Program in Honor of Myoma Nyein". MRTV-3. Retrieved 2011-12-11. 
  4. ^ "A Program in Honor of Myoma Nyein". MRTV-3. Retrieved 2011-12-11. 
  5. ^ "A Program in Honor of Myoma Nyein". MRTV-3. Retrieved 2011-12-11. 
  6. ^ "Shweman Taung Yeik Kho Song is Now 63 Years of Age". baganland. Retrieved 2011-12-11. 
  7. ^ khine min. "Myoma Nyein by his son in law". Picasa. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  8. ^ "Eighty Years Journey of Mandalay Myoma Band". VOA Burmese. 2007-02-05. Retrieved 2011-12-13. 
  9. ^ Yadana Htun. "New beats, old controversy". Myanmar Times vol 26, no. 515. Retrieved 2011-12-12. 

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