Myristoleic acid

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Myristoleic acid
Myristoleic acid.png
IUPAC name
(Z)-Tetradec-9-enoic acid
Other names
9-Tetradecenoic acid
9-cis-Tetradecenoic acid
cis9-Tetradecenoic acid
Myristolenic acid
Oleomyristic acid
544-64-9 N
ChemSpider 4444564 N
Jmol-3D images Image
PubChem 5281119
Molar mass 226.36 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

Myristoleic acid, or 9-tetradecenoic acid, is an omega-5 fatty acid. It is biosynthesized from myristic acid by the enzyme delta-9 desaturase, but it is uncommon in nature.[1] One of the major sources of this fatty acid is the seed oil from plants of the familyMyristicaceae, comprising up to 30 per cent of the oil in some species.[2] It is a constituent of Serenoa or Saw palmetto, and appears to have activity against LNCaP prostate-cancer cells.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Myristoleic acid at
  2. ^ Monoenoic acids at
  3. ^ Iguchi, K; Okumura, N; Usui, S; Sajiki, H; Hirota, K; Hirano, K (Apr 2001). "Myristoleic acid, a cytotoxic component in the extract from Serenoa repens, induces apoptosis and necrosis in human prostatic LNCaP cells.". The Prostate 47 (1): 59–65. doi:10.1002/pros.1047. PMID 11304730.