1-Tetradecanol

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1-Tetradecanol[1]
Skeletal formula
Space-filling model
Names
IUPAC name
Tetradecan-1-ol
Other names
Myristyl alcohol
Tetradecyl alcohol
Identifiers
112-72-1 YesY
ChEBI CHEBI:77417 N
ChEMBL ChEMBL24022 YesY
ChemSpider 7917 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG D05097 YesY
UNII V42034O9PU YesY
Properties
C14H30O
Molar mass 214.39 g·mol−1
Density 0.824 g/cm³
Melting point 38 °C (100 °F; 311 K)
Boiling point >260 °C
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 N verify (what isYesY/N?)
Infobox references

1-Tetradecanol, or commonly myristyl alcohol (from Myristica fragrans - the nutmeg plant), is a straight-chain saturated fatty alcohol, with the molecular formula C14H30O. It is a white crystalline solid that is practically insoluble in water, soluble in diethyl ether, and slightly soluble in ethanol.

1-Tetradecanol may be prepared by the hydrogenation of myristic acid (or its esters); myristic acid itself can be found in nutmeg (from were it gains its name) but is also present in palm kernel oil and coconut oil and it is from these that the majority of 1-tetradecanol is produced.[2] It may also be produced from petrochemical feedstocks via either the Ziegler process or hydroformylation.

As with other fatty alcohols, 1-tetradecanol is used as an ingredient in cosmetics such as cold creams for its emollient properties. It is also used as an intermediate in the chemical synthesis of other products such as surfactants.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merck Index, 12th Edition, 6418.
  2. ^ Kreutzer, Udo R. (February 1984). "Manufacture of fatty alcohols based on natural fats and oils". Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 61 (2): 343–348. doi:10.1007/BF02678792. 

External links[edit]