February 27, 1868|
|Died||May 26, 1952
Port Hueneme, California
|Alma mater||Massachusetts Institute of Technology (B.S., Architecture, 1893) |
|Buildings||Huntington Art Gallery
Myron Hubbard Hunt (February 27, 1868 – May 26, 1952) was an American architect whose numerous projects include many noted landmarks in Southern California. Hunt was elected a Fellow in the American Institute of Architects in 1908.
Early life and education
Hunt was born in Sunderland, Massachusetts but his family later moved to Chicago where he graduated from Lake View High School in the city's Lakeview district. From 1888 to 1890 he attended Northwestern University, and then returned to Massachusetts to study at MIT between 1890 and 1893. He graduated with a B.S. in Architecture from MIT in 1893. After spending three years in Europe, he returned to Chicago where he obtained a position as draftsman in the local office of the Boston firm of Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge.
Hunt is mentioned in the writings of Frank Lloyd Wright and other Chicago architects of the era as an early member of the group which came to be known as the Prairie School, but in 1903 he moved to Los Angeles, where he entered into a partnership with architect Elmer Grey (1871–1963). Opening an office in Pasadena, the firm of Hunt and Grey soon became popular with the well-to-do denizens of that city, who were building many costly houses during that period. Some of the firm's Pasadena work was featured in the national magazine Architectural Record as early as the issue of October, 1906. They were soon designing large houses in communities throughout Southern California including the summer ranch home for cereal magnate Will Keith Kellogg at the present day campus of California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (Cal Poly Pomona).
They also began receiving commissions to design larger projects, including hospitals, schools, churches and hotels. This included work for Throop Institute in Pasadena, the school which would soon become California Institute of Technology. In 1911, they began plans for the new campus of Occidental College in the Eagle Rock district of Los Angeles. (Hunt would be the principal architect of all of Occidental's buildings through 1940.) Another school with which the firm had an association was Pomona College, for which Hunt and Grey designed a master plan of expansion in 1908, and where Hunt designed an auditorium, Bridges Hall of Music, in 1915.
In 1913, Hunt and Grey designed a new wing for the Mission Inn in Riverside, California. They provided designs for the remodeling, expansion, or construction of a number of hotels during the next decade, culminating with the plans for their largest such project, the Ambassador Hotel in Los Angeles, which opened in 1921. Hunt also redesigned Pasadena's Wentworth Hotel, a failed resort hotel in the city's Oak Knoll residential district purchased by Henry E. Huntington in 1911. Rebuilt to Hunt's design, the hotel reopened as the Huntington Hotel in 1914 and was Pasadena's leading hotel for decades thereafter. In 1921, he transformed the Vista Hotel into one of the premier resorts in Pasadena, designing several of the hotel's original bungalows.
Hunt and Grey's association with Henry Huntington had been established a few years earlier when, in 1909, they designed his house in San Marino. With a large addition built in 1934, the house was to become the main art gallery of the cultural center built around the Huntington Library. Later in his career, Hunt would design a new main building for the hospital that bore Huntington's name.
Another Pasadena landmark designed by Hunt is the Rose Bowl. In 1927 Hunt designed a hotel for Senator Frank P. Flint, which was quickly sold to the Biltmore chain of hotels. Due to the Great Depression, the hotel was sold in 1931 to the Dominican Sister of Mission San Jose, who founded Flintridge Sacred Heart Academy, an all-girls' day and boarding high school.
By 1912, Hunt was no longer in partnership with Elmer Grey, but had established a new firm with Los Angeles architect Harold C. Chambers. In this partnership Hunt designed a number of California libraries, including those in Redlands, Palos Verdes Estates (Malaga Cove Library), Santa Barbara, and most notably the Pasadena Central Library, one of the three major civic buildings making up the Pasadena Civic Center District.
Myron Hunt projects
- Phoebe Apperson Hearst Campus Plan Competition for University of California, Berkeley (1898–99) – Hunt Entry.
- Potter Hotel (1902) Santa Barbara.
Hunt and Grey (1903–1910)
- Mount Wilson Observatory and complex (1904–1913) – for the Carnegie Institution, on Mount Wilson in the San Gabriel Mountains.
- James Waldron Gillespie House (design 1902) – Montecito. El Fureidis, designed by Bertram Goodhue, was built on site in 1906.
- Montecito Hot Springs Hotel (1905–1906) – Montecito.
- Wentworth Hotel (1905–1907) – Pasadena.
- Polytechnic Elementary School (1909) – Pasadena.
- Throop Polytechnic Institute, Campus Plan (1907–1908) – present day California Institute of Technology campus, Pasadena.
- Westmoreland Place House (1909) – Pasadena (with Greene and Greene-designed gates).
- Gartz Court (1910) – Pasadena.
Myron Hunt office (1910–1920)
Myron Hunt, Architect—the firm of Myron Hunt, from 1910 to 1920.
- Mabel Shaw Bridges Hall of Music, "Little Bridges" (1915) – Pomona College, Claremont.
- Ambassador Hotel (1919–1921) – Wilshire Boulevard, Los Angeles (demolished).
- First Congregational Church of Riverside (1913) – Mission Inn Avenue, Riverside, California.
- Hotel Maryland (1903–1904) – Pasadena
- The Huntington Hotel – Oak Knoll, Pasadena
- Huntington Mansion (1907–1910) – for Arabella and Henry E. Huntington, San Marino Ranch, San Marino.
- Huntington Library (1919) – Arabella and Henry E. Huntington, San Marino Ranch, San Marino.
- Mary Stewart House (1918) – Montecito.
- Occidental College – Eagle Rock, master plan, Hunt remained principal architect to 1940.
- Kellogg Ranch – estate residence and equestrian stables near Pomona, on present day California State Polytechnic University, Pomona campus.
- Villa Carlotta (1917) – for Anna and Francis Raymond Welles, Altadena, California.
Hunt and Chambers (1920–1947)
Hunt and Chambers, Architects—the partnership firm with Harold Coulson Chambers, from 1912 to 1947. Chambers started working with Hunt as a draftsman in 1907, and worked his way to becoming a Partner in 1920.
- San Marcos Hotel (1912–1913) – Chandler, Arizona.
- Amelia Seibert House (1912) – Oak, Knoll, Pasadena.
- Red Hill Country Club (1922) – Rancho Cucamonga.
- Malaga Cove Library—Palos Verdes Public Library and Art Gallery (designed 1923, built 1928–1930), at 2400 Via Campesina, Palos Verdes Estates, on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Pasadena Central Library (1924) – Pasadena Civic Center District.
- Point Loma Hotel Project (1924) – Point Loma, San Diego.
- La Arcada Plaza (1926) – Santa Barbara.
- County National Bank Building (1924–1927) – Santa Barbara.
- Flintridge Biltmore Hotel (1927) – La Cañada Flintridge.
- Frederick Law Olmsted, Jr. House (1927) – Palos Verdes Estates.
- W.S. Weith House (1927) – Beverly Hills.
- Redlands Community Hospital (1927) – Redlands.
- Bridges Auditorium, "Big Bridges" (1931) – Pomona College, Claremont.
- I. Magnin Department Store (1939) – Wilshire Boulevard, near Bullocks Wilshire, Mid-Wilshire district of Los Angeles
- I. Magnin Department Store (1939) – Wilshire Boulevard, Beverly Hills (present day Saks Fifth Avenue).
- Huntington Memorial Hospital (Main Building, 1940) – Pasadena
- Encino Hacienda (1941) – Encino, San Fernando Valley, Los Angeles.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to
- "Bio: Myron Hunt", Pacific Coast Architecture Database (PCAD), University of Washington Library
- "Myron Hunt (1868–1952)". AskART. Retrieved 2013-10-10. (Subscription required.)
- Myron Hunt index card from the Los Angeles Public Library.
- "Kellogg House – House History". Foundation.csupomona.edu. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
- "Bridges Hall of Music and Lebus Court". Historic Campus Architecture Project. Retrieved 2013-10-10.
- Starr, Kevin (1991). Material Dreams: Southern California Through the 1920s. Oxford University Press. p. 196.
- "Flintridge Sacred Heart Academy history". Retrieved 2013-10-10.
- Santa Barbara Edhat.com: The Potter Hotel
- ArchitectDB: Hunt and Grey, Architects
- Inn On Summer Hill.com: "In Hot Springs Canyon, burned down 1920," photo.
- LA Curbed: 6 Westmoreland Place House, Pasadena
- Pasadena Star News: 6 Westmoreland Place House, Pasadena
- LA Curbed: Gartz Court, Pasadena
- ArchitectDB: Myron Hunt, Architect
- Pomona College.edu: "Little Bridges" (Mabel Shaw Bridges Hall of Music), Pomona College, Claremont.
- NRHP #97000297
- Huntington.org: "About Henry E. Huntington"
- O'Neill, Judie. (2014, May). Altadena Heritage Newsletter, pg 8
- ArchitectDB: Hunt and Chambers, Architects
- LA Curbed: Amelia Seibert House
- NRHP #95000388
- CityofPasadena.net: Pasadena Central Library Architecture – "A brief history" . accessed 4.24.2014
- ArchitectDB: Flintridge Biltmore Hotel
- Pomona College.edu: "Big Bridges" (Bridges Auditorium), Pomona College, Claremont.
- LA Curbed: Encino Hacienda