Myron Mathisson

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Myron Mathisson
Born Myron Mathisson
(1897-12-04)December 4, 1897
Warsaw, Poland
Died September 13, 1940(1940-09-13) (aged 42)
Cambridge,
United Kingdom
Citizenship Poland, France, United Kingdom
Fields Theoretical Physics
General relativity
Hebrew translator
Engineer
Institutions University of Kazan
University of Warsaw
Jagiellonian University
Known for Mathisson–Papapetrou–Dixon equations

Myron Mathisson (1897–1940) was a theoretical physicist of Polish and Jewish descent. He is known for his work in general relativity, for developing a new method to analyze the properties of fundamental solutions of linear hyperbolic partial differential equations, and proved, in a special case, the Hadamard conjecture on the class of equations that satisfy the Huygens principle.

Life and work[edit]

Education[edit]

Mathisson was born in Warsaw, 4 December 1897. He graduated from a Russian philological gymnasium with a gold medal in 1915. He began his studies at the Faculty of Civil Engineering of the Warsaw University of Technology. Then, from 1917 he studied at the University of Warsaw where he graduated in 1924 under the guidance of Czeslaw Białobrzeski.

Military service[edit]

Between the years 1918–1919 he served in the military.

Physics research[edit]

In 1930, earned his doctorate at the University of Warsaw on the work of Sur le movement tournant d'un corps dans un champ de gravitation, and began to live there in 1932. He became a professor at the University of Kazan in 1936. The following year, he returned to Warsaw. He corresponded with Albert Einstein. In the years 1937–1939, he worked at the Jagiellonian University, under John Weyssenhoff.

His works have been recognized by Wenceslas Dziewulskiego. Niels Bohr invited him to Copenhagen.[when?][why?] In 1939 he went to Paris, where he met with Jacques Hadamard, and to Cambridge, where he met with Paul Dirac who was impressed enough to publish his recent work posthumously, and to post his obituary.[1]

In chronological order; M. Mathisson,[2] A. Papapetrou,[3] and W. G. Dixon[4] contributed to the derivation of the equations for a spinning body moving in a gravitational field, now known as the Mathisson–Papapetrou–Dixon equations.

Other work[edit]

Due to financial difficulties, Mathisson had to work as a Hebrew translator, as a draftsman producing technical drawings, and engineering calculations of the statics of reinforced concrete structures.[citation needed]

Mathisson died of tuberculosis in Cambridge, on the 13th of September 1940.

Publications[edit]

During his short lifetime, he published the following 12 scientific papers:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dirac, P. A. M. (1940). "Dr. M. Mathisson". Nature 146 (3706): 613. Bibcode:1940Natur.146..613D. doi:10.1038/146613b0. 
  2. ^ Mathisson, M. (1937). "Neue Mechanik materieller Systeme". Acta Physica Polonica 6: 163–209. 
  3. ^ Papapetrou, A. (1951). "Spinning Test-Particles in General Relativity. I" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A 209 (1097): 248–258. Bibcode:1951RSPSA.209..248P. doi:10.1098/rspa.1951.0200. 
  4. ^ Dixon, W. G. (1970). "Dynamics of Extended Bodies in General Relativity. I. Momentum and Angular Momentum" (PDF). Proceedings of the Royal Society of London A 314 (1519): 499–527. Bibcode:1970RSPSA.314..499D. doi:10.1098/rspa.1970.0020. 

Further reading[edit]