Myrtilla Miner (March 4, 1815, near Brookfield, New York – December 17, 1864, Washington, DC) was an American educator and abolitionist whose school for African American girls, established against considerable opposition, grew to a successful and long-lived teachers institution.
Miner was educated at the Clover Street Seminary in Rochester, New York (1840–44), and taught at various schools, including the Newton Female Institute (1846–47) in Whitesville, Mississippi, where she was refused permission to conduct classes for African American girls. In 1851, with encouragement from Henry Ward Beecher and with a board of trustees which included Johns Hopkins and other Quaker philanthropists, Miner opened the Normal School for Colored Girls in Washington, DC. It was closed during the Civil War. The school was eventually merged with other local institutions to form the University of the District of Columbia.
Miner guided the school through its fruitful early years but had to lessen her connection because of failing health. In 1857, Emily Howland took over leadership of the school and in 1861 Miner went to California in an attempt to regain her health. A carriage accident in 1864 ended that hope and Miner died shortly after her return to Washington, DC. She is buried in Oak Hill Cemetery in Georgetown, (Washington, DC).
Miner Elementary School in Washington, DC, is named in her honor.
- Roe, Denise (2013). "A Natural Right to Knowledge" (PDF). New York Archives Journal (Spring): 23–25. Retrieved 11 September 2014.
- Myrtilla Miner Encyclopædia Britannica Article
- “Myrtilla Miner”, Journal of Negro History, v. 5, 1920 with comments of two of the school’s students by G Smith Wormley *Women's History Archives
- Encyclopædia Britannica’s Guide to Black History *Myrtilla Miner: A Memoir by Ellen M. O'Connor , Houghton, Mifflin, 1885, Google eBook and Openlibrary.org *Historically Black Colleges and Universities
- The University of the District of Columbia
- Myrtilla Miner at Find a Grave
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