Myrtus communis

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Myrtus communis
Starr 080304-3229 Myrtus communis.jpg
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Myrtus
Species: M. communis
Binomial name
Myrtus communis
L.
Synonyms[1]

Myrtus communis, the common myrtle, is a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. It is an evergreen shrub native to southern Europe, north Africa, western Asia, Macaronesia, and the Indian Subcontinent, and also cultivated.[2]

It is one of the four species used by Jews in their religious rituals on the festival of Sukkot.

Description[edit]

The plant is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing to 5 metres (16 ft) tall.[3] The leaves are 2–5 centimetres (0.79–1.97 in) long, with a fragrant essential oil.[3]

The flowers are white or tinged with pink, with five petals and many stamens that protrude from the flower.[3] The fruit is a berry, blue-black when ripe.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 13 August 2016 
  2. ^ USDA GRIN Taxonomy, retrieved 13 August 2016 
  3. ^ a b c d Cretan Flora: An illustrated guide to the flora of Crete, retrieved 13 August 2016