Myrtus communis

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Myrtus communis
Myrtales - Myrtus communis 1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Myrtus
Species: M. communis
Binomial name
Myrtus communis
  • Myrtus acuta Mill.
  • Myrtus acutifolia (L.) Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus angustifolia Raf. nom. illeg.
  • Myrtus augustini Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus aurantiifolia Grimwood nom. illeg.
  • Myrtus baetica (L.) Mill.
  • Myrtus baui Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus belgica (L.) Mill.
  • Myrtus borbonis Sennen
  • Myrtus briquetii (Sennen & Teodoro) Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus christinae (Sennen & Teodoro) Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus eusebii (Sennen & Teodoro) Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus gervasii (Sennen & Teodoro) Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus italica Mill.
  • Myrtus josephi Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus lanceolata Raf. nom. illeg.
  • Myrtus latifolia Raf. nom. illeg.
  • Myrtus littoralis Salisb.
  • Myrtus macrophylla J.St.-Hil.
  • Myrtus major Garsault nom. inval.
  • Myrtus media Hoffmanns.
  • Myrtus microphylla J.St.-Hil.
  • Myrtus minima Mill.
  • Myrtus minor Garsault nom. inval.
  • Myrtus mirifolia Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus oerstedeana O.Berg
  • Myrtus petri-ludovici (Sennen & Teodoro) Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus rodesi Sennen & Teodoro
  • Myrtus romana (L.) Hoffmanns.
  • Myrtus romanifolia J.St.-Hil.
  • Myrtus sparsifolia O.Berg
  • Myrtus theodori Sennen
  • Myrtus veneris Bubani
  • Myrtus vidalii (Sennen & Teodoro) Sennen & Teodoro

Myrtus communis, the common myrtle, is an evergreen shrub native to southern Europe, north Africa, western Asia, Macaronesia, and the Indian Subcontinent, and also cultivated.[2]


The plant is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing to 5 metres (16 ft) tall.[3] The leaves are 2–5 centimetres (0.79–1.97 in) long, with a fragrant essential oil.[3]

The flowers are white or tinged with pink, with five petals and many stamens that protrude from the flower.[3] The fruit is a berry, blue-black when ripe.[3]


  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 13 August 2016 
  2. ^ USDA GRIN Taxonomy, retrieved 13 August 2016 
  3. ^ a b c d Cretan Flora: An illustrated guide to the flora of Crete, retrieved 13 August 2016