Myrtus communis

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Myrtus communis
Starr 080304-3229 Myrtus communis.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Myrtus
Species:
M. communis
Binomial name
Myrtus communis
Synonyms[1]

Myrtus communis, the common myrtle, is a species of flowering plant in the myrtle family Myrtaceae. It is an evergreen shrub native to southern Europe, north Africa, western Asia, Macaronesia, and the Indian Subcontinent, and also cultivated.[2]

It is one of the four species used by Jews in their religious rituals on the festival of Sukkot.

For uses, see Myrtus.

Description[edit]

The plant is an evergreen shrub or small tree, growing to 5 metres (16 ft) tall.[3] The leaves are 2–5 centimetres (0.79–1.97 in) long, with a fragrant essential oil.[3]

The flowers are white or tinged with pink, with five petals and many stamens that protrude from the flower.[3] The fruit is a berry, blue-black when ripe.[3]

This species,[4] and the more compact M. communis subsp. tarentina[5] have won the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species, retrieved 13 August 2016
  2. ^ USDA GRIN Taxonomy, retrieved 13 August 2016
  3. ^ a b c d Cretan Flora: An illustrated guide to the flora of Crete, retrieved 13 August 2016
  4. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Myrtus communis". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  5. ^ "RHS Plantfinder - Myrtus communis subsp. tarentina". Retrieved 10 April 2018.
  6. ^ "AGM Plants - Ornamental" (PDF). Royal Horticultural Society. July 2017. p. 64. Retrieved 10 April 2018.