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|Alternative names||Amba Vilas Palace|
|Location||Sayyaji Rao Rd, Agrahara, Chamrajpura, Mysuru, Karnataka 570001|
|Town or city||Mysore|
|Current tenants||Government of Karnataka|
|Owner||Maharani Pramoda Devi Wadiyar|
|Design and construction|
|Civil engineer||B. P. Raghavulu Naidu (Executive Engineer Palace Division)|
The Mysore Palace, also known as Amba Vilas Palace, is a historical palace and a royal residence (house). It is located in Mysore, Karnataka. It used to be the official residence of the Wadiyar dynasty and the seat of the Kingdom of Mysore. The palace is in the centre of Mysore, and faces the Chamundi Hills eastward. Mysore is commonly described as the 'City of Palaces', and there are seven palaces including this one. However, the Mysore Palace refers specifically to the one within the new fort.
The land on which the palace now stands was originally known as mysuru (literally, "citadel"). Yaduraya built the first palace inside the Old Fort in the 14th century, which was set ablaze and reconstructed multiple times. The Old Fort was built of wood and thus easily caught fire, while the current fort was built of stone, bricks and wood. The current structure was constructed between 1897 and 1912, after the Old Palace burnt down, the current structure is also known as the New Fort. Mysore Palace is one of the most famous tourist attractions in India, after the Taj Mahal, with more than six million annual visitors.
Engineering and construction
The last palace, now known as the Old Palace or the Wooden Palace, burned to ashes during a wedding in 1896. Maharaja Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV and his mother Maharani Kempananjammanni Devi commissioned the British architect Henry Irwin to build a new palace. E.W. Fritchley worked as a consulting Engineer. Meanwhile, the royal family stayed in the nearby Jaganmohan Palace. Construction was overseen by an executive engineer in the Mysore Palace division. He conducted elaborate architectural studies during his visits to Delhi, Madras, and Calcutta, and these were used to plan the new palace. The construction cost was placed at Rs 41,47,913 (around $30 million adjusted to inflation) and the palace was completed in 1912.
The architectural style of domes of the palace is commonly described as Indo-Saracenic, with blends of the Hindu, Mughal, Rajput, and Gothic styles The entire Architecture and construction Overseen and inspected by an Executive Engineer Of respective division. It is a three-storey stone structure with marble domes, and has a 145-foot five-storey tower. The palace is surrounded by a large garden. The entrance gate and arch hold the emblem and coat of arms of the kingdom of Mysore, around which the kingdom's motto is written in Sanskrit: "न बिभॆति कदाचन" (never terrified).
The main complex is 245 ft long and 156 ft wide. There are fire extinguishing machines located in all parts of the palace in order to prevent any fires. The palace has three entrances: the east gate (the front gate, opened only during the Dasara and for dignitaries), the south entrance (for the public), and the west entrance (usually opened only during the Dasara).
The three-storey stone building of a fine grey granite with deep pink marble domes has a facade with several expansive arches and two smaller ones flanking the central arch, which is supported by tall pillars. Above the central arch is a sculpture of Gajalakshmi, the goddess of wealth, prosperity, fortune, and abundance, with her elephants. There are three major exclusive temple buildings within the Old Fort, and about 18 inside the central palace building. The palace was built adjacent to the even older Parakala Mutt headquarters, whose leaders have remained the rajagurus (royal teacher and guide) of Mysore kings. The kings of Mysore were devotees of Goddess Chamundi, hence the palace faces the Chamundi Hills. The palace houses two durbar halls (ceremonial meeting halls of the royal court) and incorporates an array of courtyards, gardens, and buildings.
Apart from its outstanding architecture, the palace is also known for its impeccable roof art, tiles and mosaics, paintings of the royal family and festive possessions. There also lies display rooms containing old cannons and rifles used by the imperial army, as well as mounted ivory, sandalwood and pearl boxes, as well as granite carvings of animals.
Kings of Mysore State
- The Yadurayas (ca. 1399–1423)
- Hill Chamaraja Owners (1423–1459)
- Thimmaraja's Wives (1459–1478)
- Senior Chamaraja Wardens (1478–1513)
- Chamaraja Wardens of the Old Hill (1513–1553)
- The Bola Chamaraja owners
- Chamaraja lords of the hill (all three people 1553–1578)
- Forty years long reign of king lords (1578–1618).
- The Chamaraja Wives (1617–1637)
- The second king's lords (1637–1638) ruled for only 1 year
- Narasaraja Owners
- The Lord of the Great Lords (1659–1673)
- Owners of Chikkadevaraja (1673–1704)
- The silent son of Chikkadevaraja Wodeyars (mother of 1704–1714, with the help of ministers)
- The Great Krishnaraja Wardens (1714–1734)
- The owners of Anganahalli Chamaraja
- Imodi Krishnaraja Wodeyas (both adopted sons, until 1766, were intrigued by the then ruling ministers)
- The Wives of Nanjaraja (1766–1770)
- Hill Chamaraja Wardens (1770–1776)
- Khasa Chamaraja Wanderers (1776–1796) Hyder Ali took power over the Mysore State for the time of the Nanjaraja Wodeyas, who died in 1782. His son Tipu Sultan was the sultan of the princely state, only Nanjaraja, hill chamarajas, only khasaraja
- Mummidi Krishnaraja's lords (who were only 5 years old when they came to power in 1799) independently ruled from 1810 on the British tactic that the Mummidi Krishnaraja wives had to leave the administration to the British Commissioner.
- The Chamaraja Wives (1881–1902)
- Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyars (1902–1940)
- Jayachamaraja Wodeyas (From 1940 until the establishment of democracy, he continued to serve as the king's chief and governor.
- Srikanthatta Narasimharaja Wodeyar Bahadur (20 February 1953 – 10 December 2013)
- Yadavir Krishna Dutta Chamaraja Wodeyar (28 May 2015 – present)
Mysore Palace lighting during Mysore Dasara 2012
- "Tourism in Mysore". 22 April 2014.
- "Maharaja's Palace". Mysore District. Retrieved 17 February 2014.
- "Mysore Palace". culturalindia.net. Retrieved 7 February 2021.
- "Mysore palace will complete 100 years next year". Deccan Herald.
- "Mysore Palace Karnataka: Famous monument Valuation, Key facts, History". Housing News. 30 December 2020. Retrieved 12 July 2022.
- Official virtual tour website of Mysore Palace
- Mysore Palace
- Official Mysore Dasara website
- Department of Karnataka Tourism website