Mythology (also referred to as a mythos) is the term often used by fans of a particular book, television, or movie series to describe a fiction franchise's overarching plot and often mysterious backstory. Daniel Peretti argues that mythology "is often used emically to refer to back story". The term was pioneered by the American science fiction series The X-Files, which first aired in 1993. With this being said, many other forms of media have some sort of mythology, and the term is often applied in regards to Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Lost, and the Batman and Superman comics, among others.
Some fictional series more literally have a mythology, i.e. a cycle of fictional myths, as part of the in-universe material. An unusually well-developed and comparatively early example is that of J. R. R. Tolkien's Middle-earth stories, for which he developed written myths and epic poems, some in fictional languages like Elvish.
- Delasara, Jan (200). PopLit, PopCult and The X-Files: A Critical Exploration. McFarland. p. 39.
- Peretti, Daniel (2009). The Modern Prometheus: The Persistence of an Ancient Myth in the Modern World, 1950 to 2007. Indiana University. p. 13.
- Sepinwall, Alan (2013). The Revolution Was Televised. Simon & Schuster. p. 15.