From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Мытищи (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Voloshinoi str 2011.jpg
Voloshinoy Street in Mytishchi
Map of Russia - Moscow Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Moscow Oblast in Russia
Mytishchi is located in Moscow Oblast
Location of Mytishchi in Moscow Oblast
Coat of Arms of Mytishchi rural settlement (Moscow Oblast).png
Flag of Mytishchi (Moscow oblast).png
Coat of arms
Town DayOne of the Sundays in September[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of September 2013)
Federal subjectMoscow Oblast[1]
Administrative districtMytishchinsky District[1]
Administrative center ofMytishchinsky District,[1] Town of Mytishchi[1]
Municipal status (as of June 2012)
Municipal districtMytishchinsky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlementMytishchi Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center ofMytishchinsky Municipal District,[2] Mytishchi Urban Settlement[2]
Head[citation needed]Alexander Kazakov[citation needed]
Representative bodyCouncil of Deputies[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census)173,160 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010105th
Time zoneMSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Known since1460[citation needed]
Town status since1925[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5]141000–141002, 141004–141011, 141013–141018, 141020, 141021, 141023–141029, 141037–141043, 141045–141050, 141053, 141056–141059, 141101–141132, 141941–141945, 994003–994005
Dialing code(s)+7 495[citation needed]
Mytishchi on Wikimedia Commons

Mytishchi (Russian: Мытищи, IPA: [mɨˈtʲiɕːɪ]) is a city and the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, which lies to the northeast of Russia's capital Moscow, on the Yauza River and the Moscow–Yaroslavl railway. Population: 173,160 (2010 Census).[3]


Mytishchi has humid continental climate, same as Moscow, but usually few degrees colder (especially at night) due to significantly lesser impact of urban heat island. The city features long, cold winters (with temperatures as low as −25 °C (−13 °F) to −30 °C (−22 °F) occurring every winter and a record low of −43 °C (−45 °F)), and short, warm to hot summers (with a record high of 38 °C (100 °F) and temperatures reaching 30 °C (86 °F) every summer).

  • January daily mean: −10 °C (14 °F); average maximum: −7 °C (19 °F); average minimum: −13 °C (9 °F)
  • July daily mean: 19 °C (66 °F); average maximum: 24 °C (75 °F); average minimum: 14 °C (57 °F)
Climate data for Mytishchi
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −7
Daily mean °C (°F) −10
Average low °C (°F) −13
Source: Climate and ecology of Mytishchi[6]


The first settlement of ancient hunters and fishermen in this location is dated to the 6th–8th millennia BCE, i.e. in the late Stone Age. In the 8th–9th centuries, first Slavic tribes (Vyatichi and Krivichs) began settling here. In and around Mytishchinsky District about a dozen of such settlements from the 11th–13th centuries have been discovered.

The modern settlement has been known since 1460 and since the 19th century it has been known as Bolshiye Mytishchi (Большие Мытищи).[citation needed] Its history is closely linked to the Yauzsky port. Mytishchi was an important place on the trade ship route. Through this site commercial ships had been hauled across on wheels, rollers, or skids from the Yauza River to the Klyazma River. Merchants had to pay a duty for this. The settlement got its name thanks to the duty, which had been known as myt (мыт).

In the mid-19th century, the population was 389. Town status was granted to Mytishchi in 1925.[citation needed]


Population was 60,000 (1939); 125,000 (1973); 154,068 (1989 Census);[7] 159,900 (2002 Census);[8] 173,160 (2010 Census).[3] Population-211 606 people (2018).

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Mytishchi serves as the administrative center of Mytishchinsky District.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with twenty-four rural localities, incorporated within Mytishchinsky District as the Town of Mytishchi.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Mytishchi is incorporated within Mytishchinsky Municipal District as Mytishchi Urban Settlement.[2]


Shopping mall "June"

The city is the oblast's largest center for industry (machine building, arms industry in particular) and education.


Monument to the first Russian water supply system

Mytishchi is famous for its aqueduct, built in the 18th century by the order of Catherine the Great. It was the first water supply constructed in Russia to provide the Kremlin with pure water.

Twin towns and sister cities[edit]

Mytishchi is twinned with:


Mass Media

There are three local TV channels: "Our Mytishchi" - the channel that belongs to the town, "The first Mytishchinsky", and "TV Mytishchi" (on the TV channel of Moscow region 360°) - district television.


There is Ognivo puppet theatre, FEST drama and comedy theatre and youth theater Domoy (Homewards).



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Resolution #123-PG
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #198/2004-OZ
  3. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012.
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  6. ^ "Climate and ecology of Mytishchi".
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014.
  9. ^ "INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION". Retrieved 27 April 2014.
  10. ^ "Twin Towns". Archived from the original on August 2, 2014. Retrieved April 27, 2014.


  • Губернатор Московской области. Постановление №123-ПГ от 28 сентября 2010 г. «Об учётных данных административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области», в ред. Постановления №252-ПГ от 26 июня 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в учётные данные административно-территориальных и территориальных единиц Московской области». Опубликован: "Информационный вестник Правительства МО", №10, 30 октября 2010 г. (Governor of Moscow Oblast. Resolution #123-PG of September 28, 2010 On the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast, as amended by the Resolution #252-PG of June 26, 2015 On Amending the Inventory Data of the Administrative-Territorial and Territorial Units of Moscow Oblast. ).
  • Московская областная Дума. Закон №198/2004-ОЗ от 29 декабря 2004 г. «О статусе и границах Мытищинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований», в ред. Закона №73/2015-ОЗ от 5 мая 2015 г. «О внесении изменений в Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Мытищинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований" и Закон Московской области "О статусе и границах Пушкинского муниципального района и вновь образованных в его составе муниципальных образований"». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Ежедневные Новости. Подмосковье", №13, 26 января 2005 г. (Moscow Oblast Duma. Law #198/2004-oZ of December 29, 2004 On the Status and the Borders of Mytishchinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It, as amended by the Law #73/2015-OZ of May 5, 2015 On Amending the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Mytishchinsky Municipal District and the Municipal Formations Comprising It" and the Law of Moscow Oblast "On the Status and the Borders of Pushkinsky Municipal District and the Newly Established Municipal Formations Comprising It". Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]