N'Ko language

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The literary language[edit]

RegionGuinea, Mali, etc.
Native speakers
Manding koine
Language codes
ISO 639-2nqo
ISO 639-3nqo
Glottolog(insufficiently attested or not a distinct language)

N'Ko literature is evolving into a literary language, termed kangbe 'clear language', that is based on a compromise dialect of several Manding languages. Mande speakers use kangbe to communicate in writing.[3] For example, the word for 'name' in Bamanan is tɔgɔ and in Maninka it is toh. In written communication each person will write it in N’Ko, and yet read and pronounce it as in their own language.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ N'ko at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "N'Ko". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ N'Ko Language Tutorial: Introduction