|Publisher||XXI. század Média Kft.|
|Founded||20 May 1877|
|Political alignment||Social democracy |
|Headquarters||6 Jókai urca |
Budapest 1066, Hungary
History and profile
Népszava is Hungary's eldest continuous print publication and as of October 2019 the last and only remaining liberal, independent political daily in the country.
Népszava was established in 1873 in Budapest by Viktor Külföldi. It was the official newspaper of the Hungarian Social Democratic Party until 1948 when Hungary became a communist state. During this period two of Népszava's editors in chief were murdered: Béla Somogyi (along with reporter Béla Bacsó) in 1920 by right wing officers and Illés Mónus in 1944 by members of the Hungarian nazi Arrow Cross militia.
During the period of the Hungarian People's Republic between 1948 and 1989, it was the official newspaper of Hungarian trade unions. In 1990 it was privatized. It's publisher, the enterpenour János Fenyő was shot dead in Budapest in 1998. The crime is still partially unsolved. The newspaper is currently owned by the enterprenour Tamás Leisztinger.
The circulation of Népszava was 222,000 copies in January 1989 and 181,000 copies in January 1991. The paper had a circulation of 135,000 copies in July 1992 and 102,000 copies in March 1993. Its circulation was 80,000 copies in 1998. The paper had a circulation of 31,742 copies in 2009, making it the sixth most read daily in the country. The circulation further declined to 10,522 copies by 2016. Today Népszava is Hungary's market leader among political dailies. It's average circulation is 21 thousand copies/day with the 32 page Saturday edition reaching 24 thousand copies.
- Editors in chief
- Viktor Külföldi (from 1877)
- Ernő Garami (1898–1918)
- Árpád Szakasits (1939–1944, from 1945)
- Anna Kéthly (1957–1964)
- Writers, publicists
- Endre Ady
- György Faludy
- Ferenc Fejtő
- Gyula Illyés
- Sándor Jemnitz, music critic (1924–1950)
- Attila József
- Margit Kaffka
- Gyula Kállai
- Lajos Kassák
- Anna Kéthly
- Dezső Kosztolányi
- Zsigmond Kunfi, deputy chief editor (from 1907)
- Géza Losonczy
- Miklós Radnóti
- "Communicating Europe: Hungary Manual" (PDF). European Stability Initiative. December 2010. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
- Marina Popescu; Gábor Tóka (2000). "Campaign Effects in the 1994 and 1998 Parliamentary Elections in Hungary" (Conference paper). ECPR. Retrieved 15 February 2015.
- Péter Bajomi-Lázár. "The Business of Ethics, the Ethics of Business" (PDF). Centrul pentru Jurnalism Independent. Retrieved 16 February 2015.
- Mihály Gálik; Beverly James (1999). "Ownership and control of the Hungarian press". The Public. 6 (2). Retrieved 12 November 2014.