Nürtingen

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Nürtingen
Nuertingen2 BMK.jpg
Coat of arms of Nürtingen
Coat of arms
Nürtingen  is located in Germany
Nürtingen
Nürtingen
Coordinates: 48°38′N 9°20′E / 48.633°N 9.333°E / 48.633; 9.333Coordinates: 48°38′N 9°20′E / 48.633°N 9.333°E / 48.633; 9.333
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Stuttgart
District Esslingen
Government
 • Mayor Otmar Heirich (SPD)
Area
 • Total 46.9 km2 (18.1 sq mi)
Elevation 291 m (955 ft)
Population (2015-12-31)[1]
 • Total 40,535
 • Density 860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 72601–72622
Dialling codes 07022
Vehicle registration ES
Website nuertingen.de

Nürtingen (About this sound listen ) is a town in the district of Esslingen in Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. It is located on the river Neckar.

Districts[edit]

Hardt[edit]

Hardt (929 inhabitants, as of 2012) is the smallest district of Nürtingen. Hardt was first mentioned in 1366 in documents.

Neckarhausen[edit]

Neckarhausen (3,768 inhabitants, as of 2012) is about 2  km from Nürtingen. Neckarhausen was first mentioned in the year 1284. The site is largely dominated by the church and the town hall.

Raidwangen[edit]

Raidwangen (2,115 inhabitants, as of 2014) is about 3  km southwest of Nürtingen and about 1  km from the Neckar. Raidwangen was first mentioned in 1236 in documents.

Reudern[edit]

Reudern (2,707 inhabitants, as of 2012) is located on a hill approximately 3   km east of Nürtingen and was first mentioned in the year 1338.

Zizishausen[edit]

Zizishausen (3,222 inhabitants, as of 2012) is to the left and right of the Neckar and borders to the north directly to the core city of Nürtingen. Zizishausen was first mentioned in 1296.

Oberensingen[edit]

Oberensingen (4,060 inhabitants, 2006) closes immediately northwest of the central city of Nürtingen. The first mention dates back to 1344.

Roßdorf[edit]

Roßdorf lies south of Nürtingen. The district was created in the early 1960s as a model construction project for modern urban planning on the drawing board. Today Roßdorf has around 4,500 inhabitants.

History[edit]

The following events occurred, by year:

  • 1046 : First mention of Niuritingin in the document of Speyer. Heinrich III gave Nürtingen as a gift to the chapter of Speyer
  • around 1335 : Nürtingen receives the city rights
  • 1421 : Nürtingen is the domicile of the Württemberg widows.
  • 1602 : The Maientag, a famous folklore procession and celebration is first recorded
  • 1634 : Half of the population died in the Thirty Years' War and of the plague
  • 1750 : 133 buildings were burned down in the great fire
  • 1783/1784 : Friedrich Hölderlin and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling are pupils of the Latin school (German: Lateinschule). They are still commemorated in the town by the street name Schellingstraße and the name of a highschool Hölderlin-Gymnasium.
Nürtingen power plant

20.th century[edit]

During Nazi Germany there were in the range of today's urban area 17 forced labor camps and accommodations with "Eastern workers", prisoners of war and "foreign workers", which had to work in the local companies, such as Maschinenfabrik Gebrüder Heller.[2] At the present location of the secondary schools was the Mühlwiesenlager with "Eastern workers". Eleven names of victims of the "euthanasia" murders are known, they were killed in Grafeneck or Hadamar.[3] They also caused that all in so-called "mixed marriages" living men were brought to concentration camps and murdered there.[4][5]

A in Nürtingen born Sinti-child, Anton Köhler, was with most of his siblings brought in 1944 from the Catholic orphanage St. Josephpflege in Mulfingen to Auschwitz-Birkenau and killed after his parents had been murdered.[6]

  • 1945 : A few bombs hit Nürtingen. The Tiefenbachtal (a valley south of Nürtingen) was an escape route for German soldiers.
  • 1948 : The population increases from 10,000 to 17,000 due to refugees and displaced persons from East Germany
  • 1973 : The district of Nürtingen is merged into the district of Esslingen
Nürtingen Rathaus Town hall
Nürtingen Ochsenbrunnen Ox fountain

Education[edit]

Nürtingen is home to Nürtingen-Geislingen University of Applied Science, also known as the Hochschule für Wirtschaft und Umwelt Nürtingen-Geislingen. The school hosts undergraduate and graduate programs in business administration, finance, real estate, and landscape architecture. Programs are taught in English and German, with a Master of Science in International Finance being taught through its growing European School of Finance, which partners with the German Institute for Corporate Finance, the European Derivatives Institute, the Deutsche Börse, and the Eurex exchange.

Nürtingen St. Laurentius West side

Mayors since 1819[edit]

  • 1819–1828: Gottlob Friedrich Schickhardt
  • 1828–1846: Heinrich Schickhardt
  • 1846–1868: Dr. Karl Friedrich Eßig
  • 1868–1896: Ferdinand Wilhelm Schmid (1829–1896)
  • 1896–1930: Matthäus Baur
  • 1930–1939: Hermann Weilenmann
  • 1939–1943: Dr. Walter Klemm (NSDAP)
  • 1943–1945: August Pfänder, temporary (NSDAP) (1891–1971)
  • 1945–1948: Hermann Weilenmann
  • 1948–1959: August Pfänder
  • 1959–1979: Karl Gonser (1914–1991)
  • 1979–2004: Alfred Bachofer (Free Voters) (born 1942)
  • since 2004: Otmar Heirich (SPD) (born 1951)

Notable people[edit]

  • Christian Friedrich Duttenhofer (1742–1814), theologian
  • Gottlieb Jakob Planck (1751–1833), theologian and church historian, great-grandfather of Max Planck
  • Albert Schäffle (1831–1903), scientist and statesman
Robert Wiedersheim 1874

Local council[edit]

The local council in Nürtingen has 32 members. Till 2014 local counsil had 39 members. The elections Baden-Württemberg 2014 had the following results.[7] The Lord Mayor is the president of the council and has one vote.

parties  %
2014
Sitze
2014
 %
2009
Sitze
2009
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 21,15 7 23,9 10
NL/GRÜNE Nürtingen list/Alliance '90/The Greens 16,85 5 19,53 8
FW Free voters 15,94 5 14,43 6
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 13,50 4 14,18 5
NT14 NT 14 11,21 4
LB/FDP Liberal citizens/Free Democratic Party 8,67 3 7,99 3
AB Aktive Bürger 7,80 2
FWVO Free voters Nürtingen-Oberensingen 4,88 2 5,82 2
JB Young citizens Nürtingen 11,32 4
REP The Republicans (Germany) 2,47 1
gesamt 100,0 32 100,0 39
Wahlbeteiligung 47,62% 49,75%

Twinnings[edit]

Nürtingen is twinned with:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland nach Fläche, Bevölkerung und Postleitzahl am 30.09.2016". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2016. 
  2. ^ Steffen Seischab (2011): "Ausländische Zwangsarbeiter", in: Reinhard Tietzen (Hrsg.): Nürtingen 1918–1950. Nürtingen/Frickenhausen: Sindlinger-Burchartz 2011, S. 301 und 317
  3. ^ Anne Schaude: "Euthanasie"-Morde an Nürtingern, in: Nürtinger Opfer nationalsozialistischer Verfolgung. Webseite der Gedenkinitiative für die Opfer und Leidtragenden des Nationalsozialismus in Nürtingen: ns-opfer-nt.jimdo.com, abgerufen am 5. November 2013
  4. ^ Manuel Werner: Weitere Ermordete. Sich erinnern heißt wachsam bleiben, in: Nürtinger Opfer nationalsozialistischer Verfolgung. Website der Gedenkinitiative für die Opfer und Leidtragenden des Nationalsozialismus in Nürtingen: ns-opfer-nt.jimdo.com, abgerufen am 5. November 2013
  5. ^ Manuel Werner: "Die Erinnerung braucht uns, und die Zukunft auch!". Rede von Manuel Werner bei der Übergabe des „Eis der Heckschnärre“, in: Nürtinger STATTzeitung
  6. ^ Manuel Werner (2013): In Nürtingen geboren – in Auschwitz ermordet: Anton Köhler, in: Nürtinger Opfer nationalsozialistischer Verfolgung. Website der Gedenkinitiative für die Opfer und Leidtragenden des Nationalsozialismus in Nürtingen: ns-opfer-nt.jimdo.com, abgerufen am 5. November 2013
  7. ^ Election information of Communal Computer Center Stuttgart

External links[edit]