Nýřany (Czech pronunciation: [ˈniːr̝anɪ]; German: Nürschan; Latin: Nirane) is a small town in the Plzeň Region of the Czech Republic. It lies 12 km (7 mi) west of the regional capital of Plzeň. Nýřany is a Municipality with Extended Competence. As of 3 July 2006, the town had 6994 inhabitants.
The first written note about the village of Nýřany is from 1272. The status of town was given by emperor Franz Joseph I on 29 January 1892. In the 19th century, black coal deposits were discovered and new people arrived in the town. During World War II the town of Nýřany was a part of Sudetenland. Near the end of the war one transport of death was surprised by an airstrike and about hundred of prisoners managed to escape. They were chased by SS-Guards and local Germans and either killed on the spot or executed at the place called Humboldtka.