Nūḥ

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Sura 71 of the Quran
نوح
Nūḥ
Noah
ClassificationMeccan
PositionJuzʼ 29
No. of Rukus2
No. of verses28
No. of words227
No. of letters965

Sūrat Nūḥ[1] (Arabic: سورة نوح‎, “Noah”) is the seventy-first surah of the Quran with 28 ayat. It is about the Islamic prophet Nūḥ and his complaint about his people rejecting all warning Allah gave them through Nuh. Nuh's themes include: belief in Allah, signs of Allah (the Earth, Sun, Moon), and punishment of denying Allah's message.

Summary[edit]

In Nuh, the seventy-first surah, the Quran refers to Nuh’s prophethood in snippets. Nuh is a messenger of Allah. When Nuh realizes the messages are not accepted by the community, he supplicated to Allah, who planned to flood the community of Nuh at a specified time. Allah commanded Nuh to warn the people of the flood. Allah brings forth the water from the skies to prove Nuh’s message to be accurate. In the Quran, the flood is a symbolization of the mercy of Allah to the believers. Allah gives the world a new beginning. The disbelievers disbelieved Allah's message and messenger Nuh so they were drowned. Because his people are unable to grasp the idea of the existence of one God, the lives of Muhammad and Nuh are parallel to each other for the time of the revelation of this surah. The surah was used to increase the faith of the believers; it shows that Nuh before Muhammad had difficulties in dealing with the disbelievers of his time.[citation needed]

Exegesis[edit]

Verses 71:1 - 71:4[edit]

Verses 1–4 discuss the message Nuh received from Allah to share with his community, to serve Allah.

Verses 71:5 - 71:20[edit]

In Verses 5–20, Nuh informs Allah that his people are not accepting his message. Nuh tries to make clear to the people that all of the Earth, the sun, the moon are signs of Allah’s existence.

Verses 71:21 - 71:25[edit]

In Verses 21–24, Nuh asks Allah to rid the world of the evildoers because they refused to abandon their idols and encourage others to do the same.

Verses 71: 26 - 71:28[edit]

In Verses 26–28, the disbelievers were all drowned and sent to Hell (as a result of the flood). Nuh asks Allah to forgive the believers and to destroy the disbelievers because their faith will lead many astray.[2]

Surah chronology[edit]

The surah is entirely Meccan meaning it was revealed while Muhammad was trying to create a Muslim community in Mecca. According to the Tanzil version, it was the seventy-first surah revealed. It was revealed after the sixteenth surah, An-Nahl ("The Bee") and before the fourteenth Ibrahim ("Abraham").[3] According to Theodor Nöldeke, Nūḥ was the fifty-third surah to be revealed. It was revealed after the thirty-seventh surah Saaffaat ("Those Who Set The Ranks"), and before the seventy-sixth surah, Insaan or Dahr ("Man" or "Time").[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ibn Kathir. "Tafsir Ibn Kathir (English): Surah Nuh". Quran 4 U. Retrieved 9 March 2020.
  2. ^ Haleem, M.A.S. Abdel (2008). The Qur'an : a new translation ([2010 reprint with corrections]. ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199535958.
  3. ^ Nöldeke, Theodor. "THE QUR'AN". Adam and Charles Black. Retrieved 26 November 2012.
  4. ^ Edgecomb., Kevin P. "Chronological Order of Quranic Surahs". Archived from the original on 13 January 2018. Retrieved 26 November 2012.

External links[edit]