n-Propylbenzene

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n-Propylbenzene, phenylpropane
Isocumene.svg
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Propylbenzene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.002.848 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 203-132-9
UNII
  • CCCC1=CC=CC=C1
Properties
C9H12
Molar mass 120.195 g·mol−1
Appearance colorless liquid
Density 0.8620 g/cm3
Melting point −99.5 °C (−147.1 °F; 173.7 K)
Boiling point 159.2 °C (318.6 °F; 432.3 K)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).

n-Propylbenzene is an aromatic hydrocarbon with the formula C
6
H
5
CH
2
CH
2
CH
3
. The molecule consists of a propyl group attached to a phenyl ring. It is a colorless liquid. A more common structural isomer of this compound is cumene.

n-Propylbenzene is used as a nonpolar organic solvent in various industries, including printing and the dyeing of textiles and in the manufacture of methylstyrene.[1][2] It can be synthesized by the reaction of the Grignard reagent derived from benzyl chloride with diethyl sulfate.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Cleland, J. G. (1979). Multimedia Environmental Goals for Environmental Assessment: MEG charts and background information summaries (categories 13–26). Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Office of Energy, Minerals and Industry, Industrial Environmental Research Laboratory. pp. A528–A529.
  2. ^ Montgomery, John H. (1991). Groundwater Chemicals Field Guide. CRC Press. p. 174.
  3. ^ Henry Gilman and W. E. Catlin (1941). "n-Propylbenzene". Organic Syntheses.; Collective Volume, vol. 1, p. 471