N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase

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N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase
Identifiers
EC number 3.5.1.28
CAS number 9013-25-6
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / QuickGO
Amidase_2
PDB 1sk4 EBI.jpg
crystal structure of the c-terminal peptidoglycan-binding domain of human peptidoglycan recognition protein ialpha
Identifiers
Symbol Amidase_2
Pfam PF01510
InterPro IPR002502
SCOP 1lba
SUPERFAMILY 1lba
OPM superfamily 438
OPM protein 1sk4
Amidase_3
PDB 1jwq EBI.jpg
structure of the catalytic domain of cwlv, n-acetylmuramoyl-l-alanine amidase from bacillus(paenibacillus) polymyxa var.colistinus
Identifiers
Symbol Amidase_3
Pfam PF01520
Pfam clan CL0035
InterPro IPR002508
SCOP 1jwq
SUPERFAMILY 1jwq
Amidase_5
Identifiers
Symbol Amidase_5
Pfam PF05382
Pfam clan CL0125
InterPro IPR008044
Amidase02_C
Identifiers
Symbol Amidase02_C
Pfam PF12123
InterPro IPR021976

In enzymology, a N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase (EC 3.5.1.28) is an enzyme that catalyzes a chemical reaction that cleaves the link between N-acetylmuramoyl residues and L-amino acid residues in certain cell-wall glycopeptides.

This enzyme belongs to the family of hydrolases, specifically those acting on carbon-nitrogen bonds other than peptide bonds in linear amides. The systematic name of this enzyme class is peptidoglycan amidohydrolase. Other names in common use include acetylmuramyl-L-alanine amidase, N-acetylmuramyl-L-alanine amidase, N-acylmuramyl-L-alanine amidase, acetylmuramoyl-alanine amidase, N-acetylmuramic acid L-alanine amidase, acetylmuramyl-alanine amidase, N-acetylmuramylalanine amidase, N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase type I, and N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase type II. This enzyme participates in peptidoglycan biosynthesis. Autolysins and some phage lysins are examples of N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidases.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Campbell JN; Dierickx, L; Coyette, J; Leyh-Bouille, M; Guinand, M; Campbell, JN (1969). "An improved technique for the preparation of Streptomyces peptidases and N-acetylmuramyl-l-alanine amidase active on bacterial wall peptidoglycans". Biochemistry. 8 (1): 213–22. doi:10.1021/bi00829a031. PMID 5777325. 
  • Herbold DR, Glaser L (1975). "Interaction of N-acetylmuramic acid L-alanine amidase with cell wall polymers". J. Biol. Chem. 250 (18): 7231–8. PMID 809432. 
  • Herbold DR, Glaser L (1975). "Bacillus subtilis N-acetylmuramic acid L-alanine amidase". J. Biol. Chem. 250 (5): 1676–82. PMID 803507. 
  • Ward JB, Curtis CA, Taylor C, Buxton RS (1982). "Purification and characterization of two phage PBSX-induced lytic enzymes of Bacillus subtilis 168: an N-acetylmuramoyl-L-alanine amidase and an N-acetylmuramidase". J. Gen. Microbiol. 128 (6): 1171–8. doi:10.1099/00221287-128-6-1171. PMID 6126517.