N-acylglucosamine 2-epimerase

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N-acylglucosamine 2-epimerase
1fp3.jpg
N-acylglucosamine 2-epimerase dimer, Sus scrofa
Identifiers
EC number5.1.3.8
CAS number37318-34-6
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a N-acylglucosamine 2-epimerase (EC 5.1.3.8) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

N-acyl-D-glucosamine N-acyl-D-mannosamine

Hence, this enzyme has one substrate, N-acyl-D-glucosamine, and one product, N-acyl-D-mannosamine.

This enzyme belongs to the family of isomerases, specifically those racemases and epimerases acting on carbohydrates and derivatives. The systematic name of this enzyme class is N-acyl-D-glucosamine 2-epimerase. Other names in common use include acylglucosamine 2-epimerase, and N-acetylglucosamine 2-epimerase. This enzyme participates in aminosugars metabolism. It employs one cofactor, ATP.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2019, three structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession codes 1FP3, 2GZ6, and 6F04. They show that the N-acylglucosamine 2-epimerase monomer folds as a barrel composed of α-helices, in a manner known as (α/α)6-barrel. The structures are presented as dimers, with the structures from Sus scrofa and Anabaena sp. CH1 having a different organization than the structure from Nostoc sp. KJV10.

References[edit]

  • Ghosh S, Roseman S (April 1965). "The sialic acids. V. N-Acyl-D-glucosamine 2-epimerase". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 240: 1531–6. PMID 14285488.