|Preferred IUPAC name
1-Phenethylpiperidin-4-one (no longer recommended)
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||203.28 g/mol|
|Melting point||56 to 60 °C (133 to 140 °F; 329 to 333 K)|
the environment (N)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
N-Phenethyl-4-piperidinone (NPP) is a derivative of 4-piperidinone with the molecular formula C13H17NO. 4-Piperidinone is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of chemicals and pharmaceutical drugs such as fentanyl.
Because of its possible use in the illicit manufacture of fentanyl, NPP was placed onto the list of controlled chemicals in the USA in 2007, and possession and sales of this compound are now restricted.
N-Phenethyl-4-piperidinone is useful in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, primarily fentanyl and its analogs. Paul Janssen (founder of Janssen Pharmaceutica) first synthesized fentanyl in 1960 from NPP. Janssen's synthesis involved reacting N-Phenethyl-4-piperidinone with aniline, and then reducing the imine product with sodium borohydride to 4-anilino-N-phenethylpiperidine (ANPP). This product is reacted with propionyl chloride to form fentanyl.