N. G. Ranga

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N. G. Ranga
NG Ranga 2001 stamp of India.jpg
Ranga on a 2001 stamp of India
Member of Parliament
for Madras (Rajya Sabha)
In office
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Tenali (Lok Sabha)
In office
Member of Parliament
for Chittoor (Lok Sabha)
In office
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Srikakulam (Lok Sabha)
In office
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Andhra Pradesh (Rajya Sabha)
In office
Member of Parliament
for Guntur (Lok Sabha)
In office
Member of Parliament
for Guntur (Lok Sabha)
In office
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Guntur (Lok Sabha)
In office
Personal details
Born(1900-11-07)7 November 1900
Nidubrolu, Guntur district, Andhra Pradesh, India
Died9 June 1995(1995-06-09) (aged 94)
Nationality Indian
Political partyIndian National Congress
Spouse(s)Bharathi Devi
Alma materOxford University
OccupationSocial, political activist

Gogineni Ranga Nayukulu, also known as N. G. Ranga (7 November 1900 – 9 June 1995), was an Indian freedom fighter,Classical Liberal, parliamentarian and kisan (farmer) leader. He is founding president of Swatantra Party. He was an exponent of the peasant philosophy, and considered the father of the Indian Peasant Movement.[1]

Early life[edit]

Ranga was born in Nidubrolu village in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh. He went to school in his native village, and graduated from the Andhra-Christian College, Guntur. He received a B.Litt. in Economics from the University of Oxford in 1926. On his return to India, he took up teaching as Professor of Economics at Pachaiyappa's College, Madras (Chennai).[2]

politics career[edit]

Ranga joined the freedom movement inspired by Gandhi's clarion call in 1930. He led the ryot agitation in 1933. Three years later, he launched the Kisan Congress party. He held historic discussions with Gandhiji on the demand for a rythu-coolie state. He wrote a book, Bapu Blesses regarding his discussions with Gandhi.[3]

He wrote many other books like Credo of World Peasantry, Economic Organization of Indian Villages and Indian Adult Education Movement which are illustrative of a brilliant erudite ability and diverse interests.

Ranga was one of the founders of the International Federation of Agricultural Producers. He represented India at the Food and Agriculture Organization (Copenhagen) in 1946, the International Labour Organization (San Francisco) in 1948, the Commonwealth Parliamentary Conference (Ottawa) in 1952, the International Peasant Union (New York City) in 1954 and the Asian Congress for World Government (Tokyo) in 1955.

He quit the Congress Party and founded the Bharat Krushikar Lok Party and the Swatantra Party, along with Rajaji who was a trenchant critic of the cooperative farming idea.[4] Ranga became the founder-president of the Swatantra Party and held that post for a decade. In the general elections held in 1962, the party won 25 seats and emerged as a strong Opposition. He rejoined the Congress (I) in 1972.

Ranga served the Indian Parliament for six decades from 1930 to 1991.He died on 8 June 1995 4.30 pm in his native place ponnur or nidubrolu? Guntur district. Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao condoled the death of Prof. Ranga, the Prime Minister said that in the passing away of Prof Ranga, the country has lost an outstanding Parliamentarian and a champion of public causes and rural peasantry. Prof. Ranga served as a Member of Parliament for a record number of 60 years and found a place in the Guinness Book of World Records .The Andhra Pradesh government declared a 3-day state mourning.[5]



  1. ^ Prof. N. G. Ranga. rajyasabha.nic.in
  2. ^ Land, Water, Language and Politics in Andhra: Regional Evolution in India By Brian Stoddart
  3. ^ "A list of books by N.G. Ranga from The Open University, UK". The Open University. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  4. ^ "Indian National Congress". inc.in. Retrieved 2016-09-10.
  5. ^ a b "Prof Ranga passes away". The Hindustan Times. 9 June 1995.
  6. ^ ACHARYA N.G.RANGA Agricultural University. Angrau.ac.in. Retrieved on 2018-11-21.
  7. ^ KCR Names Agriculture Varsity after Jayashankar. The New Indian Express (2014-08-07). Retrieved on 2018-11-21.
  8. ^ N.G. Ranga Award: Rules. icar.org.in
  9. ^ Indian Postage Stamp of N.G.Ranga. Indianpost.com. Retrieved on 2018-11-21.

External links[edit]