N. M. R. Subbaraman

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N. M. R. Subbaraman
Member of Parliament
for Madurai
In office
1962–1967
Personal details
Born (1905-08-14)14 August 1905
Madurai, Madras Presidency, British India
Died 25 January 1983(1983-01-25) (aged 77)
Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Indian National Congress

N. M. R. Subbaraman (14 August 1905 – 25 January 1983) was an Indian freedom fighter and politician from Tamil Nadu. He was a member of Parliament from the Madurai constituency (1962–1967). He was also called "Madurai Gandhi" for his Gandhian principles.[1][2]

Biography[edit]

Subbaraman was born on 14 August 1905 to a wealthy Saurashtra family[3] of Naatamai Malli Rayalu Iyer and Kaveri Ammal in Madurai, Madras Presidency, British India. He studied at Sourashtra High School, Madurai and Visva-Bharati University, Santiniketan.[4][5] He joined the Indian National Congress and participated in Indian independence movement at a young age. He was imprisoned for five years during the independence movement along with his wife Parvatavardhani.[1] Mahatma Gandhi stayed at his bungalow during a visit to Madurai.[6] As a member of the Harijan Sevak Sangh, a organisation founded by Gandhi to remove untouchability from the Indian society, he worked for the advancement of the depressed classes. He, along with A. Vaidyanatha Iyer, organised a temple entry conference and helped the people of the depressed classes to enter Meenakshi Amman Temple.[7] He was involved in the Bhoodan movement and donated his 100 acres of land to the movement.[1] He contributed to establishing the first Gandhi Memorial Museum in Madurai.[1]

He won the 1937 and 1946 elections and served as the state legislator in the Madras Presidency. He was elected as a member of Parliament in the 1962 Lok Sabha election from Madurai.[4][1]

He died on 25 January 1983 in Madurai. In 2006, to commemorate his 100th birthday, the Government of India issued a stamp with his image.[8] In 2007, a women college was named after him.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Need To Release A Commemorative Stamp In The Memory Of Shri N.M.R. ... on 23 March, 2005". indiankanoon.org. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  2. ^ "University in memory of NMR Subbaraman proposed". The Hindu. 18 August 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  3. ^ The Quarterly Journal of the Mythic Society (Bangalore, India). The Society. 1998. p. 32. 
  4. ^ a b "Members Bioprofile". Lok Sabha. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  5. ^ "Biography: N.M.R.Subbaraman". kamat.com. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  6. ^ "Throwing light on the life of 'Madurai Gandhi'". The Hindu. 20 August 2006. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  7. ^ "Reliving the historic temple entry". The Hindu. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 13 May 2014. 
  8. ^ "Stamp: N.M.R. Subbaraman". colnect.com. Retrieved 14 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "N. M. R. Subbaraman College for Women inaugurated". The Hindu. 20 August 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2014.