N. G. Ranga

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N. G. Ranga
NG Ranga 2001 stamp of India.jpg
Ranga on a 2001 stamp of India
Member of Parliament
for Madras (Rajya Sabha)
In office
1952–1957
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Tenali (Lok Sabha)
In office
1957–1962
Member of Parliament
for Chittoor (Lok Sabha)
In office
1962–1967
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Srikakulam (Lok Sabha)
In office
1967–1971
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Andhra Pradesh (Rajya Sabha)
In office
1977–1980
Member of Parliament
for Guntur (Lok Sabha)
In office
1980–1984
Member of Parliament
for Guntur (Lok Sabha)
In office
1984–1989
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Guntur (Lok Sabha)
In office
1989–1991
Personal details
Born(1900-11-07)7 November 1900
Nidubrolu, Guntur district, Madras Presidency, British India (Now Andhra Pradesh, India)
Died9 June 1995(1995-06-09) (aged 94)
Nationality Indian
Political partyIndian National Congress
Spouse(s)Bharathi Devi
ChildrenNo
Alma materOxford University
OccupationSocial, political activist

Gogineni Ranga Nayukulu, also known as N. G. Ranga (7 November 1900 – 9 June 1995), was an Indian freedom fighter, classical liberal, parliamentarian and farmer leader. He is founding president of Swatantra Party. He was an exponent of the peasant philosophy, and considered the father of the Indian Peasant Movement.[1]

Early life[edit]

Ranga was born in Nidubrolu village in Guntur District of Andhra Pradesh.[2][3] He went to school in his native village, and graduated from the Andhra-Christian College, Guntur. He received a B.Litt. in Economics from the University of Oxford in 1926.[3] On his return to India, he took up teaching as Professor of Economics at Pachaiyappa's College, Madras (Chennai).[3][4]

Political Career[edit]

Ranga joined the freedom movement inspired by Gandhi's clarion call in 1930. He led the ryot agitation in 1933. He wrote a book, Bapu Blesses regarding his discussions with Gandhi.[5]

He wrote many other books like Credo of World Peasantry, Economic Organization of Indian Villages and Indian Adult Education Movement which are illustrative of a brilliant erudite ability and diverse interests.

Ranga served the Indian Parliament for six decades from 1930 to 1991. He died on 9 June 1995.[6] Prime Minister PV Narasimha Rao condoled the death of Prof. Ranga. He said that in the passing away of Prof Ranga, the country had lost an outstanding Parliamentarian and a champion of public causes and of the rural peasantry. Prof. Ranga served as a Member of Parliament for a record number of 60 years and found a place in the Guinness Book of World Records .The Andhra Pradesh government declared a 3-day state mourning.[7]

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Prof. N. G. Ranga. rajyasabha.nic.in
  2. ^ Ranga, N.G. (1968). Fight for freedom: autobiography of N.G. Ranga. S. Chand. p. 3. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  3. ^ a b c "Members Bioprofile". Parliament of India, Lok Sabha. 7 November 1900. Archived from the original on 18 July 2019. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  4. ^ Land, Water, Language and Politics in Andhra: Regional Evolution in India By Brian Stoddart
  5. ^ "A list of books by N.G. Ranga from The Open University, UK". The Open University. Archived from the original on 23 December 2017. Retrieved 23 December 2017.
  6. ^ vzbmg (25 November 2002). "The Hindu : Empowering peasants was his mission". The Hindu. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  7. ^ a b "Prof Ranga passes away". The Hindustan Times. 9 June 1995.
  8. ^ ACHARYA N.G.RANGA Agricultural University Archived 7 June 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Angrau.ac.in. Retrieved on 2018-11-21.
  9. ^ KCR Names Agriculture Varsity after Jayashankar Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. The New Indian Express (2014-08-07). Retrieved on 2018-11-21.
  10. ^ N.G. Ranga Award: Rules Archived 13 April 2018 at the Wayback Machine. icar.org.in
  11. ^ Indian Postage Stamp of N.G.Ranga Archived 21 November 2018 at the Wayback Machine. Indianpost.com. Retrieved on 2018-11-21.

External links[edit]