N. Hingley & Sons Ltd
N. Hingley & Sons Ltd was a firm that originated in the Black Country region of the United Kingdom. It was founded by Noah Hingley (1796-1877) who started making chain near the village of Cradley. The firm moved to Netherton around 1852 where large scale chain and anchor manufacturing works were set up on the Dudley No.2 canal. One of the most famous products of the firm was the anchor of the RMS Titanic which on completion in 1911 was drawn through the streets of Netherton on a waggon drawn by 20 shire horses.
Noah Hingley started making cable chain for ships at Cradley in the Black Country in 1820 after receiving an order from a Liverpool shipowner. He formed the company N. Hingley & Sons in 1838. Anchor production commenced in 1848.
In 1850 it was stated that "Messrs. Noah Hingley & Sons are extensively engaged in the manufacturing of anchors, anvils, and chain and chain cables" at Cradley. Around 1852 the firm acquired an additional site near the village of Netherton where a large scale chain and anchor works was created on the banks of the Dudley No. 2 canal.
The firm subsequently acquired coal mines such as at Old Hill, Dudley Wood and Coombs Hill and blast furnaces including: the Netherton Ironworks, The Harts Hill Iron Works and the Old Hill Furnaces.
In 1857, it was reported that the firm had completed an "immense cable" for the steam ship Adriatic. The chain cable was of length 40 yards and each link weighed 50lbs. The firm was stated to have been in the process of making a chain cable for the SS Great Eastern, with even more substantial links.
In 1860, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers reported on a visit to Birmingham and the Black Country, where, at the Round Oak Ironworks, they examined examples of iron bar of up to 3½in. in diameter which had been bent into knots whilst cold using "one of the most powerful hydraulic engines in the kingdom, belonging to Messrs. Noah Hingley and Sons at Cradley".
In 1863, the firm had 4 blast furnaces in the Dudley District.
The writer William Curzon gave a detailed description of the companies works in the early 1880's. He stated that the company had the facilities to produce over 36,000 tons of pig iron per year as well as 60,000 tons of finished bar iron and 10,000 tons of anchors and chain per annum.
The firm was reported as employing around 3,000 people in 1885.
In 1890, the family firm N. Hingley and Sons became incorporated, becoming a limited company trading as N. Hingley and Sons Limited. Shares were allocated to family members, with the bulk (1300 shares) being held by the founder's son Benjamin Hingley, and the two grandsons George Benjamin Hingley (600 shares) and Henry Montagu Hingley (400 shares).
The firm entered into an agreement in 1891 to become the sole manufacturer of the Hall's patent anchor. Later versions of this anchor were supplied to the great ocean liners and battleships of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.
At the end of 1907, the firm took the first step towards loosening family ownership when George Frederick Simms (who owned the chainmaker George Hartshorn & Co was brought into the business. In the following month Cyril Edward Lloyd entered the firm as a director.
In August 1910, N. Hingley & Sons completed an anchor for the White Star liner, Olympic. It was claimed that the anchor was the biggest ever produced, weighing 15 tons 5¼cwt, with length 19ft and width 10ft.
In 1911, the company manufactured the anchors and chain for the ocean liner RMS Titanic. The largest of the anchors weighed 15.5 tons and on completion was drawn through the streets of Netherton on a wagon drawn by 20 shire horses. The chain and fittings for the anchors weighed around 100 tons.
In 1919 Percy Jump, an engineer from Sheffield joined the staff. By 1926 he was effectively works manager at the Netherton site. Percy Jump was responsible for introducing precision forging into Hingley's which became very important for the firm after 1945.
In September 1959, at the 69th annual general meeting of N. Hingley & Sons Ltd, it was stated that the parent company comprised 29 active subsidiaries, with manufacturing activities including: chain and anchor making; forging steels and other materials such as titanium; steel re-rolling; iron and steel founding; drop stamping; structural engineering; and the manufacture of pressure vessels.
On 31 December 1960, Cyril Lloyd stepped down from the Board of the company after 53 years of service.
The company was bought out by F. H. Lloyd & Co. in 1966.
In 1967, it was stated that N. Hingley & Sons (Netherton) Ltd was making components for the Bristol Siddeley Olympus 593 engine, which was intended to power the supersonic passenger aircraft, Concorde.
The Netherton works continued in production for around 20 more years. However, after a number of company reorganisations, take overs and sell-offs, the Netherton part of the business, then called Wright Hingley, finally closed in 1986. The site is now occupied by an industrial estate called the Washington Centre.
- "N. Hingley and Sons". www.gracesguide.co.uk. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- Trail, Thomas (1885). Chain Cables and Chains. London: Crosby Lockwood and Co. pp. 49–50.
- Mallin, K (1998). Noah Hingley. published privately. ISBN 0-9510420-3-3.
- Post Office Directory of Birmingham, Staffordshire & Worcestershire. W. Kelly & Co. 1850. p. 431. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- Melville & Co.'s Directory of Dudley. Worcester: Melville & Co. 1852. p. 21.
- Belford, Paul (2004). "Extra Special Best Best: Black Country iron puddling and wrought iron manufacture in the nineteenth century". Historical Metallurgy. 38 (1): 47–59.
- Curzon, William (1883). The Manufacturing Industries of Worcestershire. Birmingham. pp. 50–54.
- "Immense Cable". Elgin Courant, and Morayshire Advertiser. 13 February 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 5 October 2018 – via The British Newspaper Archive.
- "THE INSTITUTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERS, AND THE IRON AND COAL TRADES". Worcestershire Chronicle. 15 August 1860. p. 2. Retrieved 5 October 2018 – via The British Newspaper Archive.
- Henry Curwen Salmon, ed. (February 1863). "Mining, Quarrying and Metallurgical Review: Midland Counties". The Mining and Smelting Magazine. 3: 112.
- "N. Hingley & Sons Ltd, Washington Street, Netherton". blackcountryhistory.org. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "Shipbuilding and Engineering". Lloyd's List. 19 April 1906. p. 14. Retrieved 22 May 2019 – via The British Newspaper Archive.
- "Messrs. N. Hingley and Sons". County Express. 27 August 1910. p. 5 – via The British Newspaper Archive.
- "Photographs from the past". Dudley Metropolitan Borough Council. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- "World's Largest Anchor". Birmingham Mail. 1 May 1911. p. 3. Retrieved 22 May 2019 – via The British Newspaper Archive.
- "Cyril Edward Lloyd". www.gracesguide.co.uk. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
- Mallin, K (1999). Noah Hingley 2 Manufacturer of Ships' Anchors and Cables and Forgemaster in the period 1919-1960; and thereafter. published privately.
- "N. Hingley & Sons, Limited". Birmingham Daily Post. 22 September 1959. p. 31. Retrieved 5 October 2018 – via The British Newspaper Archive.
- "CYRIL EDWARD LLOYD". Birmingham Daily Post. 2 January 1961. p. 21. Retrieved 2 October 2018 – via The British Newspaper Archive.
- "N. HINGLEY & SONS (NETHERTON) LTD". Birmingham Daily Post. 30 October 1967. p. 11. Retrieved 22 May 2019 – via The British Newspaper Archive.