N. Scott Momaday
|N. Scott Momaday|
|Born||Navarre Scott Momaday|
February 27, 1934
|Alma mater||University of New Mexico (B.A.)|
Stanford University (Ph.D.)
|Literary movement||Native American Renaissance|
|Notable works||House Made of Dawn (1968)|
Navarre Scott Momaday (born February 27, 1934) is a Kiowa novelist, short story writer, essayist, and poet. His novel House Made of Dawn was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction in 1969, and is considered the first major work of the Native American Renaissance. His follow-up work The Way to Rainy Mountain blended folklore with memoir. Momaday received the National Medal of Arts in 2007 for his work's celebration and preservation of indigenous oral and art tradition. He holds twenty honorary degrees from colleges and universities, and is a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
On February 27, 1934, Navarre Scott Momaday was born in Lawton, Oklahoma. He was delivered in the Kiowa and Comanche Indian Hospital, registered as having seven-eighths Indian blood. N. Scott Momaday's mother was Natachee Scott Momaday (1913–1996), of partial Cherokee descent, born in Fairview, Kentucky, while his father was Alfred Morris Momaday, who was a full-blooded Kiowa. His mother was a writer and his father a painter. In 1935, when N. Scott Momaday was one year old, his family moved to Arizona, where both his father and mother became teachers on the reservation. Growing up in Arizona allowed Momaday to experience not only his father’s Kiowa traditions but also those of other southwest Native Americans including the Navajo, Apache, and Pueblo traditions. In 1946, a twelve-year-old Momaday moved to Jemez Pueblo, New Mexico, living there with his parents until his senior year of high school. After high school, Momaday attended the University of New Mexico, graduating in 1958 with a Bachelors of Arts degree in English. He continued his education at Stanford University where, in 1963, he was awarded a Ph.D. in English Literature.
House Made of Dawn was the first novel of the Native American Renaissance, a term coined by literary critic Kenneth Lincoln in the Native American Renaissance. The work remains a classic of Native American literature.
As other indigenous American writers began to gain notoriety, Momaday turned to poetry, releasing a small collection called Angle of Geese. Writing for The Southern Review, John Finlay described it as Momaday's best work, and that it should "earn him a permanent place in our literature." that it The poems in Angle of Geese were later included in an expanded collection, The Gourd Dancer (1976), which also included passages excised from The Way to Rainy Mountain. Most of Momaday's subsequent work has blended poetry and prose.
In 2007, Momaday returned to live in Oklahoma for the first time since his childhood. Though initially for his wife's cancer treatment, Momaday's relocation coincided with the state's centennial, and Governor Brad Henry appointed him as the sixteenth Oklahoma Poet Laureate, succeeding Nimrod International Journal editor Francine Leffler Ringold. Momaday held the position for two years.
Momaday has taught at Stanford University, University of Arizona, University of California-Berkeley, and University of California-Santa Barbara. He has been a visiting professor at Columbia University, Princeton University, and at Moscow State University. At UC Berkeley, he designed the graduate program for Indian Studies.
In 1963, Momaday began teaching at the University of Santa Barbara as an assistant professor of English. From 1966-1967, he focused primarily on literary research, leading him to pursue the Guggenheim Fellowship at Harvard University. Two years later, in 1969, Momaday was named Professor of English at the University of California-Berkeley. Momaday taught creative writing, and produced a new curriculum based on American Indian literature and mythology.
In total, Momaday has tenured at the University of Santa Barbara, University of California’s Berkeley campus, Stanford University, and the University of Arizona. Momaday has been a visiting professor at places such as Columbia and Princeton, while also being the first professor to teach American Literature in Moscow, Russia at Moscow State University.
During the 35-plus years of Momaday’s academic career, he built up a reputation specializing in American Indian oral traditions and sacred concepts of the culture itself. The many years of schooling and teaching have shown Momaday’s academic success, resulting in 12 honorary degrees from several American universities.
He was a Visiting Professor at the University of New Mexico during the 2014-15 academic year to teach in the Creative Writing and American Literary Studies Programs in the Department of English. Specializing in poetry and the Native oral tradition, he will teach The Native American Oral Tradition.
- The Journey of Tai-me (1967), folklore
- House Made of Dawn (1968), novel
- The Way to Rainy Mountain (1969) (illustrated by his father, Alfred Momaday), folklore
- Angle of Geese (1974), poetry chapbook
- The Gourd Dancer (1976), poetry
- The Names: A Memoir (1976), memoir
- The Ancient Child (1989), novel
- In the Presence of the Sun (1992), stories and poetry
- The Native Americans: Indian County (1993)
- The Indolent Boys (Play) Premiered on the Syracuse Stage during the 1993-94 season.
- Circle of Wonder: A Native American Christmas Story (1994), children's book
- The Man Made of Words: Essays, Stories, Passages (1997), stories and essays
- In the Bear's House (1999), mixed media
- Four Arrows & Magpie: A Kiowa Story (2006), children's book
- Three Plays: The Indolent Boys, Children of the Sun, and The Moon in Two Windows (2007), plays
- Again the Far Morning: New and Selected Poems (2011), poetry
In 1969, Momaday won the Pulitzer Prize for his novel "House Made of Dawn" (Pulitzer.org).
Momaday was featured in the Ken Burns and Stephen Ives documentary, The West (1996), for his masterful retelling of Kiowa history and legend. He was also featured in PBS documentaries concerning boarding schools, Billy the Kid, and the Battle of the Little Bighorn.
Momaday received an honorary Doctor of Humane Letters from the University of Illinois at Chicago on May 9, 2010.
In 2018, Momaday became one of the inductees in the first induction ceremony held by the National Native American Hall of Fame.
Momaday is the founder of the Rainy Mountain Foundation and Buffalo Trust, a nonprofit organization working to preserve Native American cultures. Momaday, a known watercolor painter, designed and illustrated the book, In the Bear's House.
- "I sometimes think the contemporary white American is more culturally deprived than the Indian."
- "I simply kept my goal in mind and persisted. Perseverance is a large part of writing."
- “Anything is bearable if you can make a story out of it.”
- “A word has power in it of itself. It comes from nothing into sound and meaning; it gives origin to all things.”
- “The highest human purpose is always to reinvent and celebrate the sacred.”
- “For the storyteller, for the arrowmaker, language does indeed represent the only chance for survival.”
- “Indians are marvelous story tellers. In some ways, that oral tradition is stronger than the written tradition.”
- “In the beginning was the word, and it was spoken.”
- List of writers from peoples indigenous to the Americas
- Native American Renaissance
- Native American Studies
- "Scott Momaday Biography -- Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "N. Scott Momaday Biography - eNotes.com". eNotes. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- "In terms of blood quantum, a standard (albeit a problematic one, but the one used by the United States government and many tribal governments), records list Momaday's [...] mother as 7/8 white and 1/8 Cherokee. While only 1/8 Cherokee "by degree," Momaday's mother considered herself an American Indian." Jim Charles, Reading, Learning, Teaching N. Scott Momaday (Peter Lang, 2007), p. 29.
- See Kay Bonetti, "N. Scott Momaday: An Interview," in Conversations with N. Scott Momaday, edited by Matthias Schubnell (University Press of Mississippi, 1997), p. 133.
- Nagin, Emily (Winter 2016). "Irredeemable Stories? Native American Children's Literature and the Radical Potential of Commercial Literary Forms". Studies in American Indian Literatures. 28 (4): 1–24. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
Momaday's mother was born in 1913 in Fairview, Kentucky, and her given name was Mayme Natachee Scott ...
- "Momaday, N. Scott - Voices of Oklahoma". Voices of Oklahoma. Retrieved 2016-11-18.
- Finlay, John (July 1975). "N. Scott Momaday's Angle of Geese". The Southern Review. 11 (3): 658. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
- Holliday, Shawn (2015). The Oklahoma Poets Laureate (1st ed.). Norman, OK: Mongrel Empire Press. p. 251. ISBN 978-0-9903204-3-2.
- "U of Arizona biography". Archived from the original on October 10, 2014. Retrieved October 8, 2014.
- "404 | Encyclopedia.com". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- "PBS - THE WEST - N. Scott Momaday". www.pbs.org. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- Syracuse Stage 1993-94
- Van Deventer, M. J. "Bush adding to poet's honors." Daily Oklahoman. 15 Nov 2007 (retrieved 14 Dec 2009)
- List of NWCA Lifetime Achievement Awards, accessed 6 Aug 2010.
- Website of St. Louis Literary Award
- Saint Louis University Library Associates. "Recipients of the St. Louis Literary Award". Retrieved July 25, 2016.
- President Bush Announces 2007 National Medal of Arts and National Humanities Medal Recipients
- "National Native American Hall of Fame names first twelve historic inductees - IndianCountryToday.com". Newsmaven.io. Retrieved 2018-10-22.
- "Santa Fe NM 87505 - Tax Exempt Organizations." Tax Exempt World. (retrieved 14 Dec 2009)
- Staff, January 2009, "N. Scott Momaday", Smithsonian Q&A, Vol. 39, Issue 10, 25 pgs., retrieved 04-25-2009
- "N. Scott Momaday, PhD." Academy of Achievement. (retrieved 14 Dec 2009)
- "TOP 25 QUOTES BY N. SCOTT MOMADAY | A-Z Quotes". A-Z Quotes. Retrieved 2016-11-19.
- Works by or about N. Scott Momaday in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Western American Literature Journal: N. Scott Momaday
- N. Scott Momaday from the Modern American Poetry site
- The Buffalo Trust - Momaday's non-profit charitable foundation
- Perspectives in American Literature - Momaday Bibliography
- Interview with Momaday
- Article about Momaday's selection as Poet Laureate of Oklahoma
- "N. Scott Momaday" by Martha Scott Trimble in the Western Writers Series Digital Editions
- Voices of Oklahoma interview with N. Scott Momaday. First person interview conducted on December 21, 2010, with N. Scott Momaday.
- Native paths: American Indian art from the collection of Charles and Valerie Diker, an exhibition catalog from The Metropolitan Museum of Art (fully available online as PDF), which contains an essay by N. Scott Momaday (see table of contents)