NAD(+)—diphthamide ADP-ribosyltransferase

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NAD+-diphthamide ADP-ribosyltransferase
Identifiers
EC number2.4.2.36
CAS number52933-21-8
Databases
IntEnzIntEnz view
BRENDABRENDA entry
ExPASyNiceZyme view
KEGGKEGG entry
MetaCycmetabolic pathway
PRIAMprofile
PDB structuresRCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene OntologyAmiGO / QuickGO

In enzymology, a NAD+-diphthamide ADP-ribosyltransferase (EC 2.4.2.36) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

NAD+ + peptide diphthamide nicotinamide + peptide N-(ADP-D-ribosyl)diphthamide

Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are NAD+ and peptide diphthamide, whereas its two products are nicotinamide and peptide N-(ADP-D-ribosyl)diphthamide.

This enzyme belongs to the family of glycosyltransferases, to be specific, the pentosyltransferases. The systematic name of this enzyme class is NAD+:peptide-diphthamide N-(ADP-D-ribosyl)transferase. Other names in common use include ADP-ribosyltransferase, mono(ADPribosyl)transferase, and NAD-diphthamide ADP-ribosyltransferase.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, 15 structures have been solved for this class of enzymes, with PDB accession codes 1S5B, 1S5C, 1S5D, 1S5E, 1S5F, 1SGK, 1TOX, 1XDT, 1XK9, 1ZM3, 1ZM4, 1ZM9, 2A5D, 2A5F, and 2A5G.

References[edit]

  • Lee H, Iglewski WJ (1984). "Cellular ADP-ribosyltransferase with the same mechanism of action as diphtheria toxin and Pseudomonas toxin A". Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 81 (9): 2703–7. doi:10.1073/pnas.81.9.2703. PMC 345138. PMID 6326138.
  • Ueda K, Hayaishi O (1985). "ADP-ribosylation". Annu. Rev. Biochem. 54 (1): 73–100. doi:10.1146/annurev.bi.54.070185.000445. PMID 3927821.

See also[edit]