The National Police Commission (NAPOLCOM) is the agency of the Philippine government that administers and controls the Philippine National Police (PNP). It was mandated by the Constitution and the major police reform laws, Republic Act Nos. 6975 and 8551. Under RA 8551 (PNP Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998), the Commission regained the powers to investigate police anomalies and irregularities and to administer police entrance examination and is granted summary dismissal powers over erring policemen.
The commission exercises the following powers and functions:
Exercise administrative rules and regulations for efficient organization, administration, and operation, including criteria for manpower allocation distribution and deployment, recruitment, selection, promotion, and retirement of personnel and the conduct of qualifying entrance and promotional examinations for uniformed members;
Examine and audit, and thereafter establish standards for such purposes on a continuing basis, the performance, activities, and facilities of all police agencies throughout the country;
Establish a system of uniform crime reporting;
Conduct an annual self-report surveys and compile statistical data for accurate assessment of the crime situation and the proper evaluation of the efficiency and effectiveness of all police units in the country;
Approve or modify plans and programs on education and training, logistical requirements, communications, records, information systems, crime laboratory, crime prevention and crime reporting;
Affirm, reverse or modify, through the National Appellate Board, personnel administrative actions involving the demotion or dismissal from the service imposed upon members of the Philippine National Police by the Chief of the Philippine National Police;
Exercise appellate jurisdiction through the Regional Appellate Boards, over administrative cases against policemen and over decisions on claims for police benefits;
Prescribe minimum standards for arms, equipment, and uniforms and, after consultation with the Philippine Heraldry Commission, for insignia of ranks, awards, medals of honor;
Issue subpoena and subpoena duces tecum in matters pertaining to the discharge of its own powers and duties, and designate who among its personnel can issue processes and administer oaths in connection therewith;
Inspect and assess the compliance of the PNP on the established criteria for manpower allocation, distribution and deployment and their impact on the community and the crime situation, and thereafter formulate appropriate guidelines for maximization of resources and effective utilization of the PNP personnel;
Monitor the performance of the local chief executives as deputies of the Commission; and
Monitor and investigate police anomalies and irregularities.
Advise the President on all matters involving police functions and administration;
Render to the President and to Congress an annual report of its activities and accomplishments during the thirty (30) days after the end of the calendar year, which shall include an appraisal of the conditions obtaining in the organization and administration of police agencies in the municipalities, cities and provinces throughout the country, and recommendations for appropriate remedial legislations;
Recommend to the President, through the Secretary, within sixty (60) days before the commencement of each calendar year, a crime prevention program; and
Perform such other functions necessary to carry out the provisions of R.A. 6975, as amended, other existing laws and Presidential issuances, and as the President may direct.